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List of illustrations

  • Main entrance of the British Museum during the Treasures for the Nation Exhibition
  • British officers of the Benin punitive expedition, Benin City
  • A Native Chief and his Followers
  • Tanganyika exhibit from the Stanley and African Exhibition, detail
  • Benin girls with aprons of Bells
  • The Benin Expedition: Old Calibar Market
  • The Benin Disaster: Scenes in the Niger Protectorate
  • The Golgotha, Benin
  • In the Quest of Water
  • Captain Campbell's Brigade Bringing up the Rear in the Advance on the Town
  • Chief Dore and Three Other Natives Drawing a Rough Plan of Benin City with Matches, Paper and Cork
  • Drawing a Plan of Benin City
  • Commemorative Altar Head (Head of an Oba)
  • Bronze figure of an Iwoki Guild Member
  • Spoils of Benin in the Horniman Free Museum at Forest Hill
  • Brass Sistrums from Benin
  • Brass Staff Head from Benin
  • Brass Aegis from Benin
  • Brass Vase from Benin
  • Commemorative Head of Queen Mother
  • Plate showing the gradual degeneration from realism to abstraction
  • Plate showing the transition from realism to abstraction on the ornamentation of paddles from New Ireland
  • Map of Africa showing Henry Morgan Stanley's route
  • General view of the Stanley and African Exhibition, Victoria Gallery, London
  • General view of the exhibits at the Stanley and African Exhibition, Victoria Gallery, London
  • The Stanley and African Exhibition display from East Central Africa, Victoria Gallery, London
  • The Stanley and African Exhibition display from Tanganyika, Victoria Gallery, London
  • The Stanley and African Exhibition display from Lower Niger Region, Victoria Gallery, London
  • The Stanley and African Exhibition display from the Congo Basin, Victoria Gallery, London
  • The Stanley and African Exhibition display from Nyssaland, Victoria Gallery, London
  • The Stanley and African Exhibition display from Central South Africa, Victoria Gallery, London
  • The Stanley and African Exhibition display from Masailand, Kilimanjaro, Victoria Gallery, London
  • Page from the sketchbook of William Steains showing a calabash or gourd vessel from Ilorin, Nigeria
  • Page from the sketchbook of William Steains showing carving on two weapons and a travelling stick
  • Page from the sketchbook of William Steains showing an Ikenga and Ibeji figure from Nigeria
  • A postcard of Gootoo and Inyokwana
  • Gootoo and Inyokwana at the Stanley and African Exhibition
  • Wrestlers
  • Scene in the Kraal
  • Cooking in the Kraal
  • Wrestlers in the Dahomey Village
  • A Family Party
  • Fashion of Carrying a Child
  • Mother and Children
  • Plan of the battle at Bembisi during the Matabele Wars
  • Artist's impression of the battle of Shangani River during the Matabele Wars
  • Artist's impression of the battle of Bembisi during the Matabele Wars
  • Portrait Gallery of Munificencies
  • The Horniman Museum, interior view
  • Guide to Visitors, the Horniman Museum
  • Poster advertising the Surrey House Museum
  • Plate showing the evolutionary relationships of Australian weapons
  • Henry Balfour in a gallery of the Pitt Rivers Museum
  • The Principal Forms of Ornamentations Employed by Savages
  • The Traveller's Anthropometer
  • Plate from Notes and Queries on Anthropology
  • Plate from Notes and Queries on Anthropology
  • Plate from Notes and Queries on Anthropology
  • Individuals supposedly demonstrating physiognomic characteristics amongst different tribal affiliations
  • A group of Zulu women
  • Bokane
  • Bokane
  • Bokane
  • Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford, view of the collections
  • Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford, display case
  • Unsolicited proof of the realism of Bushman paintings
  • The Evolution of the Bow, display case
  • Frederick Horniman with friends and family in the Ethnographical Salon of Surrey House Museum
  • Interior of the South Hall of the Horniman Museum
  • Interior of the South Hall of the Horniman Museum
  • Interior of the South Hall of the Horniman Museum
  • Selection of pipes from East Africa in the Horniman Museum
  • Pages from W.D. Webster's Catalogue of Ethnographical Specimens
  • Pages from W.D. Webster's Catalogue of Ethnographical Specimens
  • Items donated to the Pitt Rivers Museum by Reverend William Allen
  • The London Missionary Society Museum
  • Wooden representations of the spirits of ancestors from Central Africa
  • Front cover of the London Missionary Society magazine (The Exhibition Herald)
  • View of the London Missionary Society exhibition, The Orient in London
  • Ground floor and first floor plan of the London Missionary Society exhibiton, The Orient in London
  • Ground floor and first floor plan of the London Missionary Society exhibiton, The Orient in London
  • The African Village at The Orient in London exhibition
  • The Central African Court at The Orient in London exhibition
  • The Central African Court at The Orient in London exhibition
  • Plan of the pageant hall and the Street of Religions at The Orient in London exhibition
  • General view of the Franco-British Exhibition, White City
  • The Flip Flap at the Franco-British Exhibition, White City
  • The Court of Honour at the Franco-British Exhibition
  • The Algerian Pavilion at the Franco-British Exhibition, White City
  • The Indian Palace at the Franco-British Exhibition, White City
  • Carpet Weaving
  • A Woman from the Ouled-Nail
  • A Street in Biskra
  • The Productivity of a Date Palm Plantation
  • Wooden showcase
  • The Malborough Cotton Ginnery at Ibadan
  • Transporting Boiler to Bitumen Works
  • The Senegal Village, cover of the programme
  • The Senegalese Village at the Franco-British Exhibition, White City
  • Racial Contrasts under the British Flag and Dusky Beauty and Ugliness Under the British Flag
  • Young Negress
  • The entrance to the Senagalese Village at the Franco-British Exhibition, White City
  • The entrance to the Irish Village Bally-maclinton at the Franco-British Exhibition, White City
  • The Colleens dancing in the Irish Village at the Franco-British Exhibition, White City
  • The Colleens dancing in the Irish Village at the Franco-British Exhibition, White City
  • Women firemen: The Colleens' Brigade at the Franco-British Exhibition, White City
  • Irish Village, newspaper clipping
  • The interior of Bally-maclinton
  • Glass doors at the entrance to the Museum of Mankind, London
  • Benin bronzes at the top of the main staircase at the front entrance to the British Museum, London
  • Benin bronzes at the top of the main staircase at the front entrance to the British Museum, London, detail
  • Poster for Black History Week
Free
Description: Reinventing Africa: Museums, Material Culture and Popular Imagination in Late...
~A project of this kind can only be accomplished with the help and encouragement of many friends and individuals. To some I owe a special thanks. Ihsahan el Fahdel and her daughters Imman and Hannan shared their home and their friendship with me. I am especially indebted to them and to the staff and students at both Shendi and Kassala Secondary Schools for...
PublisherYale University Press
Description: Reinventing Africa: Museums, Material Culture and Popular Imagination in Late...
Walking past the imposing but familiar façade of the British Museum some time in 1989, I was stunned by an altogether unfamiliar sight. There, in the forecourt of the Museum, was an armoured vehicle from the First World War, virtually blocking the main entrance of the building (fig. 1). Nestling beneath a...
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.1-6

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Description: Reinventing Africa: Museums, Material Culture and Popular Imagination in Late...
Between them these two statements, both written in the late nineteenth century about different aspects of Benin culture, encapsulate the essential ambivalence of the European colonial response to material culture from West Africa and other colonies. These commentaries confusingly register an admiration of Benin culture according to western European aesthetic criteria, while simultaneously...
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.7-28

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Description: Reinventing Africa: Museums, Material Culture and Popular Imagination in Late...
~In 1897, James Pinnock, a trader and merchant on the Benin River for over thirty-five years, published his pamphlet Benin, the Surrounding Country, Inhabitants, Customs and Trade.Pinnock (1897). Originally given as a lecture to various regional geographical societies, it is an...
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.29-42

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Description: Reinventing Africa: Museums, Material Culture and Popular Imagination in Late...
~In the 1890s, debates on the origins of art and the nature of ornament constituted a considerable proportion of both ethnographic and art historical discourse. ‘Degeneration’ was a key concept in such discussions.It should not be...
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.43-62

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Description: Reinventing Africa: Museums, Material Culture and Popular Imagination in Late...
The ‘spectatorial lust’ that John Atkinson Hobson defined as an indispensable corollary of imperialism reached its apogee in a phenomenon which had its beginnings in the Great Exhibition of 1851. By 1890, national, international and colonial exhibitions became the arena for renewed entrepreneurial...
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.63-84

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Description: Reinventing Africa: Museums, Material Culture and Popular Imagination in Late...
~~The relationship between popular and scientific domains of knowledge relating to Africa, in exhibitions not under the aegis of a specifically...
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.85-108

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Description: Reinventing Africa: Museums, Material Culture and Popular Imagination in Late...
~It is clear from the previous chapters that certain assumptions about race and racial characteristics, in relation to Africa, were already common currency among at least a substantial middle-class public. That such assumptions were also associated at some level with the rise of...
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.109-128

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Description: Reinventing Africa: Museums, Material Culture and Popular Imagination in Late...
~What place did the African continent occupy within the broader schemes of the ‘new museum idea’, promoted by that relatively new breed, the professional museum curator? What kind of knowledge was generated from the impetus to use ethnographic collections as the basis of an ‘objective’ education, and was such knowledge completely...
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.129-160

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Description: Reinventing Africa: Museums, Material Culture and Popular Imagination in Late...
~If the ethnographic collection in the local or national museum can now be seen as the site of production of a tacit consent for some of the tenets of the imperial project (while simultaneously...
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.161-186

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Description: Reinventing Africa: Museums, Material Culture and Popular Imagination in Late...
~Over the period 1902 to 1910, the constitution of a ‘national’ culture was a feature of the bid for political ascendancy by both Tory and Liberal administrations in Britain. It is a factor which makes this a particularly valuable historical moment for untangling the ambiguous and highly equivocal nature of national identity, specifically in terms of its...
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.187-213

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Description: Reinventing Africa: Museums, Material Culture and Popular Imagination in Late...
~The categorisation and racialisation of the African continent occupied an important place in both the scientific and the popular imaginations of late Victorian and Edwardian England. Through the taxonomies and descriptions devised to orchestrate African material culture in museums and exhibitions nationwide, and through the incorporation of Africans as part of...
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.214-216

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Description: Reinventing Africa: Museums, Material Culture and Popular Imagination in Late...
~Clearly, it would be overdetermined to presume a tidy continuum between ideologies marking the formation of anthropology as a discipline in the early twentieth century, and the present ‘post-colonial’ context. I want to suggest, however, that some vestiges of these earlier preoccupations remain at the root of contemporary debates on the value of...
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.217-225

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Reinventing Africa: Museums, Material Culture and Popular Imagination in Late Victorian and Edwardian England
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