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List of illustrations

  • Male Anatomy
  • Study for Autopsy at the Hôtel-Dieu
  • Vitruvian Man
  • Le Gladiateur combatant écorché
  • Faun at Rest
  • Eugen Sandow as a living écorché
  • Study for Jacob Wrestling the Angel
  • Hercules Wrestling Antaeus
  • Wax legs showing treament of ulcers caused by syphilis
  • Apollo and Marsyas and the Judgment of Midas
  • Pythian Apollo
  • Apollo to Ape
  • Three male models posing as the three Horatii brothers from David's The Oath of the Horatii
  • Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney
  • Torso or Painted Half-Figure
  • The Dead Christ and the Angels
  • The Anatomy Class at the École des Beaux-Arts
  • Le Cours d'anatomie
  • Duchenne de Boulogne performing facial electrostimulus experiments
  • Hardness
  • The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp
  • Female Skeleton
  • Les Mystères de Paris
  • Flayed Man
  • Borghese Gladiator
  • Écorché with Outstretched Arm
  • Interior of an Artist's Studio
  • Écorché vivant
  • Etude d'ostéologie et de myologie
  • Écorche unijambiste
  • Smugglerius
  • A Cast from Life at the Haviland Workshop at Auteuil (Un Moulage sur nature chez Haviland à Auteuil )
  • Life cast of Eugen Sandow at the Natural History Museum
  • Back of Male Torso
  • Le Prosécteur
  • Medical student dissectors, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Paul Richer
  • Jean-Martin Charcot Demonstrating Hysteria in a Hypnotised Patient at the Salpêtrière
  • Ensemble view of Athletes series
  • Modèle masculin nu: Lucien Martin
  • Modèle féminin nu: Mlle Pasquion, 21 ans
  • Naked Series: Brooklyn No. 1
  • Modèle féminin nu: Mademoiselle Eugénie Gicquel, 31 ans
  • Modèle féminin nu
  • A Woman Throwing on a Shawl
  • Marche en poussant
  • Marche en poussant. Moment du double appui
  • Two male wrestlers/acrobats modelling at the École des Beaux-Arts
  • Comparative study, classical statue and the instructor Rodolphe
  • Un homme nu debout
  • Modèle nu masculin à demi couché avec bâton
  • The Wrestler
  • Wrestlers
  • La Beauté moderne
  • La Grand Lutte à la salle Montesquieu: Arpin versus Marseille
  • Academic study of the Wrestlers (Pankration)
  • Nus masculins
  • Figure Study
  • The Studio of Horace Vernet (Intérieur d'un Atelier)
  • Bazille's Studio (L'atelier de Bazille)
  • [Two male nudes]
  • Wrestlers in Eakins's Studio
  • Wrestlers
  • Heads of criminals and victims in wax
  • Criminal Physiognomies
  • An Écorché Figure (Life-size)
  • Écorché cavalier
  • Gladiator
  • Execution Victim and his Executioner
  • Boxers
  • The Wrestlers
  • Both Members of This Club
  • The Wrestlers
  • Dante et Virgile
  • Young Spartans Exercising
  • Vision of the Sermon (Jacob Wrestling with the Angel)
  • Study for Bathers
  • Summer Scene (Bathers)
  • Caricature parodying Bazille's Bathers
  • Bathers
  • Ruby, Gold and Malachite
  • Swimming
  • [Male Figures at the Site of Swimming]
  • Bathing-Place. The Bathers of the Tiber
  • Breton Boys Wrestling
  • La Lutte
  • Breton Wrestling
  • Lutteurs
  • Salutat
  • Study for Wrestlers
  • A New Sandow Pose VIII
  • The Sandow Trocadero Vaudevilles
  • Sandow as a Gladiator, Aged 23
  • A Sicilian Boy, Posing Naked Outdoors
  • Two Men Wrestling
  • Thumbs Down! (Pollice Verso)
  • Man at his Bath
  • Adolf Hitler with a first-century CE Roman marble copy of Myron's bronze original Discobolus
  • The Agnew Clinic, detail
  • The Mower
  • A Clinical Lesson at the Salpêtrière (Une Leçon Clinique à la Salpêtrière)
  • Before the Operation
  • The Agnew Clinic
  • Portrait of Dr. Samuel D. Gross (The Gross Clinic)
  • And She had a Heart! (Anatomy of the Heart)
  • Chesham Street
  • Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney
  • William Hunter Lecturing
  • The Anatomy Class at the École des Beaux-Arts, detail
  • The Model
  • Rolla
  • Front cover of Physical Culture
  • Repasseuses (Women Ironing)
  • The Laundress
  • Two Young Peasant Women
  • The Peasant Family
  • Vitruvian Man
  • Human Proportion, Male
  • Apoxyomenos (the Scraper)
  • Front cover of La Culture physique
  • Abel
  • Anthropometry card of himself
  • Anthropometry card of Albert Londe
  • Front cover of La Culture physique, featuring Maurice Deriaz
  • Physical types of the Lost Army of the Rejected as mentioned by Mr. Lloyd George in his great speech
  • Paul Richer in his studio on rue Guénégaud
  • Le bûcheron de la Londe
  • Grand Paysan
  • Albert Londe operating his 12-lens camera
  • Chronophotograph
  • Albert Londe's 12-lens chronophotographic camera
  • Mouvements professionels: Two-Handed Hammer
  • Rétablissement aux anneaux
  • 15 chronophotographs of Charcot fils playing football
  • Le beau bras! C'est comme l'antique!
  • Doryphoros (Spear Bearer)
  • Front and back views of bodybuilder Edmond Desbonnet
  • Proportions du gladiateur
  • École de Médicine de Paris. — Un examen dans la salle des instruments
  • Male nude shown from behind (Adrien Deriaz?)
  • The Temporary Elgin Room
  • Ilissos, from the Parthenon sculptures
  • Study of a Male Nude
  • Eugen Sandow posing as Hercules
  • Eugen Sandrow Posing as a Dying Gaul
  • Singrossi, cycliste: nu, de face
  • Three Persons Viewing the Gladiator by Candlelight
  • The Sower
  • Man with a Hoe
  • The Floor-Scrapers (Raboteurs de parquets)
  • Men Unloading Coal
  • Le quai de la Villette à Paris
  • La Fraternité
  • At the Foundry (Chez le Fondeur)
  • The Iron Foundry
  • The Artist in Despair over the Magnitude of Antique Fragments
  • The Severed Heads
  • Anatomical Fragments
  • Muscles of the torso and abdomen
  • An écorché figure, front view, with left arm extended, showing the second order of muscles
  • A skeleton, front view, standing with left arm extended, in a pastoral setting
  • Anatomical model of a pregnant woman
  • Muscles [of the neck]
  • Nerves of the Neck
  • Madness
  • Portrait of a Kleptomaniac
  • The Raft of the Medusa
  • Sabre wound to abdomen, Peltier, Belgian Hospital, 2 July
  • Pain
  • Photographic Representations of Different Facial Expressions
  • Portrait of Sir Charles Bell
  • Sir Anthony Carlisle
  • Portrait of Private Charles Deeks
  • Swaying Dancer (Dancer in Green)
  • Portrait of the Artist
  • Absinthe
  • Portrait of a serviceman: Dean
  • Head of Emperor Augustus
  • Syphilis lesions on lips and nose
  • Scars of syphilitic bone lesions in a female patient
  • Portrait of an Unidentified Serviceman
  • Philip IV
  • Portrait of Private S. Gardiner
  • Maxillofacial injuries of a serviceman (Private S. Gardiner)
  • A Winsor & Newton portable thumb-box
  • A set of dedicated modern handmade pastels
  • Henry Tonks in his room at Queen Mary's hospital, Sidcup
  • Portrait of Gunner John Dyson [before surgery]
  • Portrait of Gunner John Dyson [after surgery]
  • Maxillofacial injuries of a serviceman (Reginald Followes)
  • Tableau synoptique des formes de nez
  • Physiognomic features for use in the identification of criminals by the Paris police force
  • Gassed
  • Lutte: la garde
  • Nude Portrait of Bernarr MacFadden
  • Cover illustration, Physical Culture, January 1915
Free
Description: Looking at Men: Anatomy, Masculinity and the Modern Male Body
Contents
PublisherYale University Press
Free
Description: Looking at Men: Anatomy, Masculinity and the Modern Male Body
~Firstly, I would like to express my gratitude to the Leverhulme Trust for funding the Senior Research Fellowship in 1995–6 that enabled me to begin work in Paris on this book. I am indebted for a further research-leave award to the AHRC and to the Paul Mellon Centre for British Art, which generously awarded me a Senior Fellowship in order...
PublisherYale University Press
Description: Looking at Men: Anatomy, Masculinity and the Modern Male Body
Looking at Men is about sex, power and death. It traces the modern histories of, and develops theories on, the reflexive relationship between art and medicine in the long nineteenth century through the shared lens of anatomical science. In ideological systems in which the male body plays a central role – whether as God’s earthly incarnation or as the epitome of a humanist ideal...
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.11-27
https://doi.org/10.37862/aaeportal.00297.1

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Description: Looking at Men: Anatomy, Masculinity and the Modern Male Body
François Sallé’s The Anatomy Class (fig. 1.1) is a large-scale modern history painting celebrating the work at the École des Beaux-Arts of Dr Mathias-Marie Duval, anatomy professor from 1873 to 1903...
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.28-63
https://doi.org/10.37862/aaeportal.00297.2

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Description: Looking at Men: Anatomy, Masculinity and the Modern Male Body
Like art and medicine, combat sports provide a licit space both actual and virtual for looking closely at and representing the...
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.64-109
https://doi.org/10.37862/aaeportal.00297.3

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Description: Looking at Men: Anatomy, Masculinity and the Modern Male Body
François Sallé’s The Anatomy Class (1888, see fig. 1.1) focuses on a muscular ‘labouring’ body and provides important material for examining ideas of normality...
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.110-139
https://doi.org/10.37862/aaeportal.00297.4

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Description: Looking at Men: Anatomy, Masculinity and the Modern Male Body
Beginning with the history of the idea of the ‘human machine’, this chapter explores modern developments in this explicitly class- and gender-specific concept.My...
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.140-183
https://doi.org/10.37862/aaeportal.00297.5

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Description: Looking at Men: Anatomy, Masculinity and the Modern Male Body
The massive fragments of classical sculpture – the hand and foot that the diminutive figure of Fuseli/the artist contemplates with such regret on the opening page of Linda Nochlin’s The Body in Pieces (fig. 5.1) – provide the perfect basis for this...
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.184-221
https://doi.org/10.37862/aaeportal.00297.6

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Description: Looking at Men: Anatomy, Masculinity and the Modern Male Body
Looking back from the present, and towards an uncertain future, adds further troubling dimensions to the complex question of ideal masculinity – especially in the light of the rise of macho tyrant heads of state from Putin to Trump to Erdoğan and Kim Jong-un. With testosterone-driven politics, we are now witnessing global male posturing on a dangerously megalomanic scale.
PublisherYale University Press
Related print edition pages: pp.223-225

Access to this content is only available to subscribers. If you are at an institution that currently subscribes to the A&AePortal, please login to your VPN before accessing the site. If you have already purchased an individual subscription, please sign in to your account to access the content. Learn more about subscriptions.

Free
Description: Looking at Men: Anatomy, Masculinity and the Modern Male Body
Bibliography
PublisherYale University Press
Free
Description: Looking at Men: Anatomy, Masculinity and the Modern Male Body
Index
PublisherYale University Press
Free
Description: Looking at Men: Anatomy, Masculinity and the Modern Male Body
~Every effort has been made to contact the relevant copyright holders for the images in this book. Any queries should be addressed to the author.
PublisherYale University Press
Looking at Men: Anatomy, Masculinity and the Modern Male Body
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