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Description: American Watercolor in the Age of Homer and Sargent
Index
PublisherPhiladelphia Museum of Art
Index
Abbatt, Agnes Dean, 163, 271, 272, 338, 389, 425n46, 442n1, 448n6o, 461n135, 461n138
Abbey, Edwin Austin, 13–14, 20–21, 23–25, 81–82, 84 86, 88, 117, 118, 118–33, 135, 139, 140, 142, 143, 147, 151, 153, 175, 179, 183–84, 191, 213, 215, 222–25, 228, 230–32, 235–36, 241, 243, 257, 261, 262–64, 268–69, 272, 274, 277, 279, 285–89, 296–97, 301, 319–20, 333, 346, 360, 364, 369, 389, 408n47, 414n26, 415n33, 415n53, 416n77, 417n1oo, 431n56, 437n5, 437n13, 439n42, 440n83, 444n51, 449n110
Along the Shore of Silver Streaming Thames (1883), 230
“Am I in Face To-day,” (1884), 128, 129
An Attention (c. 1895), 447n35
Autumn (c. 1882), 131
Drawing for a Book Illustration (c. 1874), 120–21
The Evil Eye (1877), 124
Mrs. Murray and General Howe (c. 1878), 416n65
Old House, Harrison (c. 1879), 416n67
An Old Song (1885), 133, 223, 223–24, 263, 319
The Pig Yard (c. 1879), 416n67
The Priest and the Great Lady (c. 1892), 414n31
A Quiet Conscience (1897), 274
Responsibility (1883), 441n107
Rose in October (c. 1878), 124, 131, 142, 415n54
The Sisters (1882), 83, 116, 121, 129, 130, 130–33, 222–25 228, 230, 262, 414n24, 417n1o5, 421n74
Sketching at Easthampton (1878), 125, 296
The Stage Office (1876), 122–24, 131, 133, 139, 147, 224, 415n52
The Visitors (The Tea Party) (189n), 263
Woman Seated in a Garden (1878), 430n36
Absolon, John, 57
Académie Julian (Paris), 303, 453n28
Adams, Henry, 264–67, 426n71
Adams, John Ottis, 433n78
Aesthetic Movement, 16, 21, 31, 128, 131, 156–60, 162, 166, 169–70, 175, 178–80, 215, 217, 219, 222, 224, 231, 246, 248, 280, 297, 301, 417n96, 424n33, 444n33, 461n129
Albert, Earnest, 389
Albright, Adam E., 389
Alexander, John White, 433nn77–79, 83
Repose (1895), 274
Alma-Tadema, Lawrence, 131, 224, 426n67
amateur watercolor painters, 11–12, 17, 22–23, 30, 41, 43, 60, 126, 155, 181, 219, 260, 272, 289–90, 375, 387, 397n52, 446n18, 450n132, 451n138
American Art Association (New York), 226–27, 242, 439n58
American Art-Union (New York), 30, 35–36
American Crayon Company (Ohio), 386–87
American Institute of the City of New York, 3o7n46
American Renaissance, 160, 166, 215, 268, 289
American Society of Painters in Water-Colors. See American Watercolor Society
American Watercolor Society (New York), 11–13, 22, 26–27, 59–61, 79, 81–85, 179–81, 183–85, 211–15, 217–21, 257–62, 289–93, 333–34, 370–73, 389–93, 394n1
“black and white” room of exhibitions, 81, 120–22, 126–27, 133, 136, 184–85, 191, 202, 414n17, 414n19, 414n21, 416n70, 429n10
exhibition design, 19, 21, 60–61, 81–83, 179–181, 217–21, 257–58, 401n9, 406n8 (see also framing practices)
illustrated catalogues, 21, 83, 124, 219, 407n23, 431n49, 437n14
membership, 22–24, 50, 50, 84, 86, 218, 220, 257, 260–61, 273, 290, 338, 373, 401n7, 409n8, 451n138
prizes: Evans [William T.] Prize, 236, 245, 250, 253, 263, 273–74, 394n17, 441n89, 442n115, 443nn22–23, 444n46, 447n33, 453n18, 452n10
Hudnut [Alexander M.] Prize, 346, 442n115, 447n33, 452n10
Leslie [Mrs. Frank] Prize, 232, 236, 441n89
sales and pricing, 21–22, 78–79, 82–83, 136, 174, 185, 217–21, 257–58, 291, 392–93, 398n26, 405n91, 405n93, 405n98, 4o6nn10–11, 407nn21–22, 418n6, 437n4, 437n13, 438n24, 445n6
Anderson, Abraham A., 389
Anshutz, Thomas, 277, 279, 281, 284–86, 303–5, 323, 360, 363–64
June (Sand Crabs), 463n35
Ris, 463n25
Sand Burr (c. 1894), 304, 304–5, 453n35
Anthony, A. V. S., 389
architects and architecture and watercolor, 21, 31, 39, 40, 42, 60, 61, 67, 71–72, 110, 144, 155, 165–68, 241, 246, 252, 254, 258–59, 270, 281, 287, 355, 356–58, 364, 397n56, 402n15, 416n64, 423n3, 444n51, 463n147
Architectural League of New York (New York), 168, 258–59, 264, 267–68, 423n3, 446n12
Armory Show (New York), 302, 337, 341, 344, 346–48, 350–52, 358, 365, 458n53, 459n56
Armstrong, Colonel Ernest, 456n102
Art Club of Philadelphia (Philadelphia), 236, 260, 444n50
Art Institute of Chicago, 343, 353, 458n42, 458n44, 459n55
Artists’ Fund Society exhibition (New York, 1866), 26, 51, 56–57, 59–61, 76, 104, 401n67, 402n11
Artists’ Sketching Club (New York), 41, 397n50, 397n54
Arts and Crafts Movement, 125, 165, 170, 177, 185, 214–15, 254, 271, 283, 287, 289, 367, 387
arts clubs. See clubs (arts)
Art Students League of New York, 178, 196, 273, 286, 292, 338, 340, 353, 357, 402n34, 416n71, 436n161, 444n48, 462n147
Associated Artists, 164–65, 169, 289, 425n53. See also Tiffany, Louis Comfort; Wheeler, Candace
Association for the Advancement of Truth in Art (New York), 54, 56, 70–71, 73–74, 94, 425n42
Astor, Mrs. John J., 108
Audubon, John James, 11, 15–16, 20, 30, 35, 277, 372
American Black Rat (1842), 15
Averill, D. R., 463n8
Avery, Samuel P., 53, 305n19, 408n16, 431n41, 431n52, 436n166
Aylward, W. J., 389
Bacon, Henry, 412n81
Baker, Charles, 388
Baldwin, A. H., 389
Ballin, Hugo, 389
Bannister, Edward Mitchell, 448n66
Barbizon school, 111–13, 186, 193, 197, 210, 226, 228, 244–46, 250, 252, 268, 413n107, 427n88, 432n77, 447n31. See also Tonalism
Barnes, Albert C., 338, 345, 364, 461n114
Barney, Charles T., 146, 220, 417n105, 421n74
Barret, George, 78
Barse, George Randolph, 441n108
Bartlett, William Henry, 30, 48
Bartol, Rev. Cyrus, 302, 453n24
Basing, Charles, 389
Bastert, Nicolaas, 193
Bastien–Lepage, Jules, 194, 232
Bates, Sarah, Untitled (Shaker Inspirational Drawing)(c. 1840–60), 12
Battell, Robbins, 243, 443n16
Baxter, Bertha E. 389
Baxter, George M., 450n127
Beal, Alonzo Reynolds, 389 Beal, Gifford Reynolds, 389, 457n24, 458n38
Bearden, Romare, 372
Beardsley, Aubrey, 278, 360, 449n92
Beaumont, Arthur J., 389
Beaux, Cecilia, 286, 288, 342, 364, 458n37
Beckwith, Henry S., 388
Beckwith, James Carroll, 179, 233, 258, 273, 286, 318 389, 395n4, 424n34, 428n105, 431n42, 439n47, 441n194, 444n141, 451n134
Belcher, Hilda, 389
Bell, Edward August, 433n78
Bellows, Albert Fitch, 60, 66–67, 74“75, 77–78, 82, 84, 91, 93–94, 107, 111, 135, 147, 155, 183, 239, 389, 403n39, 404n82, 405nn95–96, 406n13, 414n26, 417n105, 424n30, 465n57
Coaching in New England (c. 1876), 66, 66–67, 70, 147, 403n42
Pride’s Bridge (c. 1882), 67
Sunday Afternoon in New England (c. 1876), 403n42
Bellows, George, 367, 462n133
Benjamin, Samuel G. W., 87, 127–28, 155, 158, 185, 188
Bennett, William James, 30, 35, 41, 396n36
Benson, Frank Weston, 336, 446n22, 450n127
Benton, Thomas Hart, 371, 387, 449n86, 459n74, 461n111
Bernecker, Louis F., 389
Bernstein, Teresa, 342
Bianchi, Mose, 91
Bicknell, Evelyn M., 389
Bierstadt, Albert, 61, 71, 413n107
Biglin, John, 143–45, 145, 147, 148, 152, 327, 372, 420n62, 420n65, 420n67
Bing, Siegfried, 425n53
Birch, Thomas, 35
Blackburn, Henry, 20, 26, 81, 87, 89, 99, 120, 135, 217, 405n1, 414n30, 437n14
Blackmore, William, 103, 410nn41–42
Blakelock, Ralph Albert, 408n43
Blashfield, Edwin Howland, 259, 389, 424n34
Bluemner, Oscar, 353, 355–56, 370, 460n89, 460n100
Blum, Robert Frederick, 99, 141, 151, 166, 183–84, 189, 189–93, 196–97, 200, 214–15, 217, 221, 224, 230–32, 236, 248, 258–59, 265, 270–71, 273, 319, 370, 389, 416n73, 427n101, 430nn34–35, 38, 431n56, 433n89, 438n33, 452n8
The Critic (1877), 430n36
A Deserted House (c. 1881), 431n54
Endo Morito’s Remorse (1890), 447n46
Market Scene, Spain (1881), 432n70
To the Eido, Venice (1880), 189–90, 190
Two Dutch Girls Having Coffee (Sister’s Advice) (1885), 231
Venetian Lace Makers (1887), 231
A Venetian Market (1889), 230, 230–31, 447n39
Blumenschein, Ernest E., 389
Bobbett, Albert, 389
Bodmer, Karl, 35, 396n35
Boit, Edward Darley, 323, 336
Boldini, Giovanni, 90–91, 189, 192
Bonaparte, Prince Napoleon, 36, 75, 396n38, 396nn42–43
Bonington, Richard Parkes, 89, 93
Bonnard, Pierre, 297
Bonnat, Leon, 151, 278
Boston, Joseph, 379, 464n31
Boston and watercolor, 46–47, 55–56, 72–73, 76, 82, 160, 181, 194, 204–5, 228, 234–36, 248, 252, 259–60, 270–71, 293, 298, 301, 305, 311, 319, 323, 330, 335–36, 338–40, 361, 379, 386, 298n7, 400n64, 401n67, 406n15, 424n39, 440n81, 441n108, 445n63, 446nn18–19, 446n24, 452n10, 456n7, 457n16, 461n114, 462n145
Boston Art Club, 82, 161, 234, 248, 252, 260, 298, 305, 323, 336, 406n15, 424n39, 441n108, 446n18, 452n3, 457n16
Boston Museum of Fine Arts. See Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Boston Public Library, 263, 289, 319, 328–29
Boston Society of Watercolor Painters. See Boston Water Color Society
Boston Water Color Club, 260, 293, 394n17, 410n27, 441n1o8, 445n57, 446n15, 446n18, 446n24, 453n24, 458n33
Boston Water Color Society, 235, 260, 441n108, 446n18, 452n17
Boudin, Eugene, 433n77
Boughton, George H., 127, 389, 416n59, 431n56
Bourne, Gertrude B., 389
Bowman, J. C., 431n42
Bowman, Martha, 360
Bradley, Susan, 448n64
Bradley, Will, 278, 449n90
Brandegee, Robert, 404n65
Braque, Georges, 348, 350
Breckenridge, Hugh, 305, 364, 444n51
Brennan, Alfred, 177, 184, 189, 191, 193, 208, 214, 271, 431n42, 430nn34–35, 433n89
Bricher, Alfred Thompson, 81, 87–88, 98, 106, 141, 241, 389, 407n38, 410n25, 424n32
Dory on Dana’s Beach, Manchester–by–the–Sea, Massachusetts (1879), 99, 410n26
Bridges, Fidelia, 20–21, 23, 45, 52–53, 83–84, 93, 98, 155–56, 156, 157–64, 169–70, 175, 177–78, 220, 272, 284, 307, 389, 421n75, 423n11, 424n32, 424n38, 425n45, 426n84, 427n99, 451n135, 451n138
Bird on a Gravestone (1876), 423n19
Familiar Birds, and What the Poets Sing of Them (1886), 426n84
A Matin Song (c. 1879), 158
Milkweeds (1876), 23, 174, 157–58, 158 423n19
Pink Cyclamen (c. 1875), 156–57, 157
Pink Roses (c. 1875), 423n10
Summer Song (1874), 423n19
The Wheat Field (c. 1862), 423n19
Bridgman, Frederick Arthur, 110, 193, 412n81, 412n84, 416n73
British watercolor tradition, 13, 17, 20, 23, 29–31, 33–35, 40–42, 45–57, 63–65, 76, 78, 81–82, 86–91, 93, 97, 99, 111, 122, 128, 131–32, 144, 208, 211, 222, 228, 231, 239–40, 244, 276, 333, 385, 415n35, 438n37
Brooklyn Art Association (New York), 22, 82, 93, 178, 271, 397n46, 403n53, 403n58, 406n16, 409n7, 423n25, 427n97, 433n98
Brooklyn Museum (New York), 26, 317, 323, 330, 334, 359, 365, 367–68, 370
Brooks, Alden Finney, The Christmas Card (1881), 159
Brown, Edward, 405n93, 407n21
Brown, Ford Madox, 122
Brown, George Loring, 35–36, 59, 82
Rooftops near Rome (1857), 36
Brown, James Sidney, 29, 388
Brown, John George, 75, 77, 120, 127, 135, 213, 224, 268, 318, 389, 416n73, 420n64, 429n8, 439n37
Brown, Roy H., 389
Brown, Walter, 389
Browne, George E., 389
Browne, Matilda, 389
Brownell, William C., 200, 208, 213
Brownscombe, Jennie Lea, 451n135
Brutsche, Joseph, 379, 464n31
Bunner, Andrew F., 389
Burchfield, Charles, 26–27, 297, 347, 365–67, 370–73, 458n38, 460n79, 461n116, 461nn121–22, 462n127, 462nn129–30
Backyards in Spring (1917 and 1946), 366, 367
Burleigh, Sydney R., 389, 438n38, 439n47, 442n1
Burling, Gilbert, 59–61, 78–79, 83, 125, 389, 395n4, 401n71
Game Birds (c. 1866), 60, 401n9
Burne–Jones, Edward, 121–22, 131, 156, 160, 169, 404n66, 417n96
Burnet, John, 78
Burt, Charles K., 388
Cabot, Edward C., 389
Cadart, Alfred, 401n67
Caillebotte, Gustave, 232
Callow, William, 48
Callowhill, James Clarence, 101, 424n37
Callowhill, James T., 101, 178, 424n37
Famille Rose Plate (c. 1889–96), 101
Callowhill, Percy, 101, 424n37
Famille Rose Plate (c. 1889–96), 101
Calyo, Hannibal W., 59, 155, 423n4
Calyo, Nicolino, 17–19, 33, 36, 59, 86
View of the Waterworks at Fairmount (1835–36), 18, 383
Carfax Gallery (London), 320
Carlandi, Onorato, 451n140
Carles, Arthur B., 363–64
Carlson, John F., 389
Carolus–Duran (Charles Auguste Emile Durand), 192, 233, 273, 318, 443n29
Carpaccio, Vittore, 299
Carson, Caroline Petigru, 389, 423n25
Carter, Susan N., 96, 106, 142, 151–52, 420n50
Casilear, William, 40, 42, 397n49
Cassatt, Mary Stevenson, 184, 215, 232, 290, 341, 371, 429n7, 444n51, 446n11, 451n136, 458n34, 466n60
Self–Portrait (c. 1880), 184
A Study (c. 1878–80), 184
Cazin, Jean Charles, 246
Centennial International Exposition (Philadelphia, 1876), 21, 33, 84, 90, 101, 104, 108, 122–23, 128, 141, 146–48, 159, 163, 185, 189, 290, 318, 407n32, 407n37, 415n35, 419n46, 421n75, 424n32, 427n90, 458n34
Century Association (or Club; New York), 82, 194, 205–6, 220, 311, 397n50, 402n34, 406n13, 412n83, 429n20, 437n21
Century Magazine (New York), illustrations for, 275, 305 ceramic design and watercolor, 21, 31, 155, 161, 175–77, 179–81, 290
Cézanne, Paul, 13, 27, 336–37, 341, 348–50, 358, 361–62, 364, 366, 371, 429n7, 449n92, 457n17, 461n100, 461n111
Great Bathers (1900–337
Chaffee, Ada Gilmore, 338
Champney, James Wells, 82, 389, 437n13
Champney, Elizabeth W., 21, 61, 180, 220, 220–21, 334, 373, 402n15, 438n27
Channing, Miss, 423n25
Chapman, J.G., 418n10
Charcoal Club (New York), 262, 446n11
Chase, J. Eastman. See J. Eastman Chase gallery
Chase, William Merritt, 17, 21, 23, 91, 179–81, 183–84, 189, 191, 194, 196–98, 200, 212–15, 217, 221–24, 231–32, 234, 237, 242, 248, 257–58, 269, 273, 275, 288, 292, 295, 305, 320, 340, 352–53, 363–64, 368, 389, 411n52, 416n59, 416n73, 417n111, 428n111, 431n56, 432n68, 432n73, 433n83, 437n5, 457n32, 458n53, 465n57
The Antiquary Shop (1879), 432n70
A Carpet Bazaar (c. 1879), 197
Frederick Dielman(1882), 224
A Madrid Dancing Girl (1886), 438n35
Portrait of Dora Wheeler (1882–197, 432n72
Portrait Study (Woman in a Black Bonnet) (c. 1880), 196, 196–97, 213
Sunlight and Shadow (A Summer Afternoon in Holland) (1884), 221, 222, 222–24, 231
Chavannes, Pierre Puvis de, 278
Cheret, Jules, 278
Chevreul, Michel Eugene, 172, 380, 383, 426n75, 434n120, 459n76, 465n38
Chicago and watercolor, 83, 179, 204, 260, 298, 305, 338, 340–41, 343, 406n18, 435n127, 442n115, 444n33, 452n10, 459n55, 458n34, 466n70
Chinese white. See opaque watercolor
chromolithography, 105, 128, 159–63, 181, 416n75, 424n31, 424n37. See also lithography and watercolor
printmaking and watercolor
Cincinnati and watercolor, 83, 177, 181, 226, 260, 341, 406n18, 439n57, 440n61, 445n58, 452n10, 458n33, 458n34, 466n70
Cincinnati Pottery Club, 176–77, 290, 427n90
Christy, Howard Chandler, 273
Church, Frederic Edwin, 40, 42, 61, 98, 397n57
Horseshoe Fall and Goat Island from the Canadian Bank, October 6, 1836 (1856), 42–43, 43
Niagara (1857), 402n22
Sunset, Chaumont Bay, Lake Ontario (1883), 397n57
Church, Frederick Stuart, 81, 86, 121, 127, 151, 160, 225, 247, 277, 416n73, 417n111, 423n3, 424n32, 427n103, 439nn52–53, 443n29, 446n22, 464n29
Desolation (1886), 439n52
Lion in Love (c. 1883), 439n53
Pandora (c. 1884), 439n53
The Witch’s Daughter (1881), 87, 225, 439n52.
C. J. Price & Co. (Philadelphia), 399n29
Clark, Edward S., 399n44
Clark, Ida, 425n51
Clark, Walter Appleton, 408n60, 449n94
Clark, W. S., 149, 421n75
Clay, Joseph A., 399n44, 422n98
clubs (arts), 11–13, 23–24, 26, 29–31, 40–41, 60, 82, 125–29, 133, 155, 185, 211–12, 215, 218, 220, 257–60, 262, 273, 373, 401n9, 402n34, 416n68, 437n21, 439n49, 445n1, 446n20
Cochran, Sarah, 168
Cole, J. F., 442m
Cole, Thomas, 31, 41–42, 50, 397n60
Cole, Timothy, 414n13
collectors of watercolors. See patronage of watercolors
Collier’s magazine, illustrations for, 275, 282, 344–45
Colman, Samuel, 21, 26, 59, 60, 60–67, 77, 79, 83–84, 86–88, 91, 93–94, 96, 105, 107–13, 11 8, 1 25, 128, 133, 137, 140, 155–56, 163–66, 169–70, 175, 179, 181, 183, 185, 190, 192–93, 196, 203, 215, 221, 236, 239, 260–62, 268, 272, 290, 353, 402n26, 404n82, 406n13, 412n84, 423n6, 424n32, 425n53, 428n111, 434n110, 437n5
Buttes, On Green River, Rocky Mountains (c. 1871), 402n28
Cliffs on Green River, Rocky Mountains (c. 1871), 402n28
Green River, Rocky Mountains (c. 1872), 402n28
The Green River, Wyoming (1871), 63, 402n28
The Harbor of Seville (1867), 62, 62–63, 402n26
Moorish Mosque of Sidi Halou Tlemcin, Algeria (1875), 108–9, 109, 221, 411n80
Moorish Tower–Seville (c. 1867–402n26
Portiére Design for Cornelius Vanderbilt lI’s House (1881), 164
Colonial Revival, 14, 147–48, 151, 421nn80–84
color theory and watercolor, 172, 350–52, 380, 383, 412n94, 420n51, 434n120, 459n76, 465n38
Columbus Art School (Ohio), 340
Comyns, Elizabeth, 427n95
Conant, C. W., 439n47
Conant, Stillman S., 33–34, 41, 43, 57, 62–64, 68, 418n11
Constable, John, 89, 240, 443n20
Stonehenge (1835), 240
Cook, Clarence, 54–55, 57, 69, 74, 81, 85, 94, 96, 104, 107, 122–25, 131, 138, 146, 156, 169, 174–75, l79, 185, 190, 194, 212, 214, 217, 220, 228, 239, 241, 411nn49–50
The House Beautiful (1878), 175, 394n14
Cooke, Jay, 103, 410n42
Cooper, Colin Campbell, 458n37
Cooper, James Fenimore, 36
Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art (New York), 54, 164, 420n50, 423n25, 425n46
Copley, John Singleton, 375, 422n104, 463n4
Copley Society of Art (Boston), 329–30, 452n17
Corbould, Edward Henry, 48
Corcoran Gallery of Art (Washington, DC), 260
Corderos, José Villegas, 426n64
Corot, Camille, 210, 250, 430n30, 435n149
Cottier, Daniel, 431n52, 432n57
Cox, David, 34, 48, 51, 57, 89, 93, 106, 398n24, 408n53
Cox, Kenyon, 259, 431n46
Cox, W. B., 405n93
Cozens, John Robert, 411n48
Craig, William, 59, 65–66, 77, 83, 93, 112, 401n71
Indian Falls and Coldspring (c. 1866), 402n36
View at Coldspring (1867), 63, 65–66, 402n36
Cranch, Christopher P., 59, 78, 405n94
Crane, R. Bruce, 245–47, 250, 252, 254, 277, 333, 389, 443n20, 443n28
Effect on the Harlem River (1884), 443n27
Snow Scene (c. 1890–1900), 246, 443n27
The Waning Year (1884), 443n27
Crayon, The, 30, 46–48, 50
Croome, William W., 388
Cropsey, Jasper Francis, 40–42, 59, 67, 120, 155, 241–42, 244, 356, 388, 389, 397n48, 397nn55–56, 398n24, 401n71, 444n51
Arched Rock, Capri (1848), 42
The Epicurean (c. 1873), 414n17
Plants against Tree Trunk, Villa D’Este, Tivoli (1848), 42
Ruins at Basingstoke Station (1860), 42
Cross, Henri–Edmond, 341, 346, 459n56, 461n100
Crystal Palace Exhibition (New York, 1853). See New York Crystal Palace Exhibition
Cubism, 348–50, 362
Cummings, Charles, 271
Currier, J. Frank, 13, 19, 26, 91, 93, 183–84, 189, 197, 197–201, 203, 205, 208, 210–12, 214–15, 217, 224, 231–32, 237, 241, 245–46, 354, 357, 411n52, 428n4, 429n7, 433n78, 433nn93–97, 435n143, 436n170
Landscape (1880), 198–99, 199, 200, 245, 354
Street in Schleissheim (1883), 200, 245, 345n143
Sunset (c. 1880), 433n83
Sunset at Schleissheim, Bavaria (c. 1880–433n87
White Beeches (Polling, Bavaria) (c. 1875–182, 198
Currier & Ives, 22, 39, 181, 397n45
Curtis, Jessie, 423n25
Curtis, Ralph, 192, 319, 431n56
Dana, Charles Edmund, 252, 423n3, 444n51
Dangerfield, Elliott, 442n1
Daniel, Charles, 365, 371, 461n121
Darley, Felix Octavius Carr, 14, 36, 36–38, 48, 51, 59, 64–65, 74–75, 77, 118, 135, 224, 389, 396nn39–43, 398n24, 414n16
Autumn (1860), 396n39
The Blacksmith’s Shop (c. 1861), 396n38
Emigrants Attacked by Indians on the Prairie (An Emigrant Train Attacked by Indians), (c. 1861), 396n38
Feeding the Pets (c. 1871), 396n43
Indians on the Trail (The War Trail) (c. 1858), 36, 396n37
The Jack–Knife (1859), 36–37, 37
The Repose (wash drawing, c. 1861), 36–37, 37
Repose (Noon) (water–color, 1861), 36–37, 37, 75, 396nn38–39, 396n43
The Unwilling Laborer (Mare and Foal) (c. 1861), 396n38
Darrah, Anna Sophia Towne, 423n7
Dasburg, Andrew, 343, 370
Daubigny, Charles–François, 250
Davies, Arthur B., 302, 356, 360, 363, 370, 408n47, 461n107
Davis, Stuart, 342–43, 347–48, 356, 368, 370–71, 373, 408n47, 460n100, 462n129
The Front Page (The Musician) (1912), 348
Two Cats (1912), 347
Windshield Mirror (1932), 348
decorative arts and watercolor, 21, 155–81, 268, 289–91
Deering, Charles and James, 329
Degas, Edgar, 184, 194, 226, 232, 250, 361, 426n64, 449n92
A Ballet (Rehearsal of the Ballet) (1879), 184, 429n7
DeHaas, Mauritz F. FE, 389, 405n94
Dehn, Adolf, 370, 372
De Kay, Charles, 190, 224, 425n60
Delaunay, Robert and Sonia, 351, 459n76
De Luce, Percival, 151, 389
Demuth, Charles, 23, 27, 252, 280, 297, 305, 347–48, 356, 360, 360–62, 364, 369–73, 457n24, 460n87, 460n105, 461n114, 461n121
In Vaudeville (Dancer with Chorus) (1918), 361
Red–Roofed Houses (1917), 362
Still Life: Apples and Green Glass (1925), 362–63, 363
Derain, André, 341–42
Detaille, Édouard, 98, 148, 219, 408n58, 409n22, 438n40
Detti, Cesare Agostino, 91
Devoe, F. W. See F. W. Devoe and C. T. Raynolds Company
Dewey, Charles Melville, 431n42, 442n1
Dewey, Julia F. Henshaw (Mrs. Charles M.), 451n136
Dewing, Maria Richards Oakey, 127, 160, 272, 416n73, 424n33
Dewing, Thomas Wilmer, 127, 160–61, 224, 259, 416n73, 424n33, 427n84
Gloria (1884), 160
Diaz, Narcisse, 250
Dickinson, Emily, 55
Dielman, Frederick, 121, 224, 224–25, 231, 389, 416n59, 424n32, 424n34, 439nn48–49
Between Sittings (1884), 224–25, 225
F. Hopkinson Smith (c. 1882), 179
Dillaye, Blanche, 448n64
Dillon, Julia, 272
Dimock, Edith, 345, 348, 359n53, 460n100
Doll & Richards (Boston), 194, 205, 236, 259, 336, 400n65, 406n15, 424n40, 446n57, 447n44, 455n72, 457n16
Donaldson, John J., 403n59
Dougherty, Paul, 336, 457n24
Douglas, Aaron, 344, 348, 370–72, 408n47
Charleston (c. 1928), 372
Dove, Arthur, 349, 353, 355–56, 358, 360, 362, 370, 373, 387
Sunrise (1936-355-56, 356
Dow, Arthur Wesley, 348, 353, 355
Dowse, Thomas, 398n7
Drake, Alexander Wilson, 189, 416n59, 416n78
Drake, William Henry, 439n47, 442n1
Dreyfous, Florence, 460n100
Driscoll, Clara, 168, 425nn60–61
Duchamp, Marcel, 350
Du Maurier, George, 122, 414n17, 414n30
Duncan, Isadora, 353
Dunn, Alexander, 415n41
Durand, Asher B., 40, 42, 140, 395n6, 402n13
Durand, John, 47, 397n49, 398n8
Durand–Ruel, Paul, 184, 432n62, 440n81
gallery of (New York and Paris), 259, 394n4, 447n44
Dürer, Albrecht, 280, 404n87
Durfee, Rose, 405n93
Dutch watercolor tradition, 13, 87, 184, 191, 193, 197, 199, 210, 231, 244–45, 249–50, 252, 341, 346, 357, 431n54, 432n77, 444n42, 456n10
Duveneck, Elizabeth Boott, 451n136
Duveneck, Frank, 91, 184, 189, 192, 196–97, 224, 226, 248, 428n4, 433n78, 450n123
Frederick Dielman (1882), 224
J. Frank Currier (1876), 197
Eakins, Susan Macdowell, 451n136
Eakins, Thomas, 14, 20–21, 25–26, 39–40, 81, 83–85, 87, 91, 98, 101, 108, 117, 121, 123–25, 128, 131–32, 134, 140–44, 145, 145–53, 156, 178, 183, 188–89, 194, 212–13, 2–221, 224, 226, 228, 233, 257, 262, 269, 271, 278, 303–5, 327, 334, 356, 359, 361, 364–65, 369, 372, 385, 420nn59–60, 420n65, 421n71, 421nn74–75, 421n81, 422n89, 422n98, 422n106, 448n53
Baseball Players Practicing (1875), 85, 146
The Chess Players (1876), 147
Cowboy Singing (c. 1892), 269
The Dancing Lesson (Negro Boy Dancing
Study of Negroes) (1878), 124, 134, 143, 149, 149–50, 152–53, 361, 422n93
Drifting (No Wind—Race Boats Drifting) (1875), 100, 146, 410n28
In Grandmother’s Time (1876), 147, 422n94
John Biglin in a Single Scull (oil) (1874), 144–45, 145
John Biglin in a Single Scull (watercolor) (1873), 144–45, 145, 147–48, 152, 327, 372, 420n62, 420n65, 420n67
Mending the Net (1882), 228
Perspective of Lathe (1860), 39, 40, 144
Portrait of Dr. Samuel D. Gross (The Gross Clinic) (1875), 146, 153
The Sculler (c. 1874), 420n66, 421n74
Seventy Years Ago (1877), 143, 147–48, 151, 421n81, 422n94
Starting Out after Rail (Harry Young, of Moyamensing, and Sam Helhower, ‘The Pusher’, Going Rail Shooting) (1874), 146
watercolor box belonging to, 379, 385, 465n57, 466n63
Whistling for Plover (1874), 146
William Rush Carving His Allegorical Figure of the Schuylkill (1877), 147, 151, 421n81, 422n101
Young Girl Meditating (Fifty Years Ago) (1877), 125, 147–48, 151, 151–52, 442n9, 453n25
The Zither Player (1876), 146, 148
Earle, Lawrence C., 389
Eaton, Charles H., 251, 389, 442n1
Eaton, Charles W., 416n73, 389, 442n1
Eaton, Joseph Oriel, 145, 389
Ebert, Mary R., 389
Edwards, George Wharton, 273, 389
Ehninger, John W. 390, 405n94, 406n13, 413n1
Elder, A. S. W. (Mrs.), 429n8
Elder, G. W., 429n7
Elliott, Elizabeth Shippen Green. See Green, Elizabeth Shippen
Emmet, Lydia Field, 431n42
English illustrated periodicals, inspiration of, 121–22, 414nn17–18
English watercolor tradition. See British watercolor tradition engraving and watercolor, 17, 20, 29–31, 34, 36, 38, 40, 47, 49–50, 57, 64, 87, 103, 117–22, 135, 153, 181, 278, 340, 395n4, 396n37, 401n9, 413n5, 414nn13–14, 414n16, 414n19, 414n22, 414n26, 417n100, 418n4, 431n49, 446n11. See also printmaking and watercolor
Ennis, John P., 390
Este, Florence, 460n100
etching and watercolor, 20, 133, 185, 212, 215, 244, 249, 251, 258, 373, 401n68, 417n111, 429n10, 445n10. See also printmaking and watercolor
Evans, William T., 225, 444n46. See also American Watercolor Society, prizes
Everett, Katherine Pickman Fay, 390, 423n25
Eytinge, Solomon, Jr., 390
exhibition watercolor, 63, 77–79, 188, 221–31, 236, 239, 248, 438n36
Exposition Universelle (Paris, 1867), 61; (1878), 415n52, 434n106
Eyre, Wilson, Jr., 259, 281
Fabri, Ralph, 292
Falconer, John Mackie, 23, 30, 30–33, 35, 41–42, 48, 56, 59–60, 74, 77–78, 91, 96, 388, 390, 404n82, 414n16, 437n20, 465n57
album of drawings by, 31, 395n19, 396n26
Old Mill, West Milford (Old Grist Mill, West Milford, Passaic, N.J.) (1851), 32–33, 396n23
Smoke Fancy (c. 1877), 396n21, 397n22
Snake Hill (c. 1853), 436n156
William Penn’s Mansion, South Second Street, Philadelphia (1864), 32, 32–33, 396n24
Young Man in White Apron (c. 1851), 31
Fanshaw, Samuel, 14, 18
Portrait of Sophie Richards (1841), 14
Fantin–Latour, Henri, 272
Farndon, Walter, 390
Farnham, George Paulding, 165–66, 169
Sketch for an Iris Brooch (c. 1900), 166
Farny, Henry, 17, 226, 226–27, 265, 275–77, 282, 344, 433n77, 439n54, 439n59
Blackfoot Indian (c. 1882), 439n57
The Prisoner (The Captive) (1885), 227, 242
Toilers of the Plains (1882), 226–27
Farrer, Henry, 20, 55, 59, 68–70, 91, 93, 99, 101, 133, 157, 183, 241, 240–42, 244–45, 268, 390, 401n71, 404n82, 416n73, 417n111, 422n102, 429n8
Apples (c. 1868), 68, 403n46
A Flying Peach (1872), 410n34
“Now Came Still Evening On” (c. 1883), 241
A Quiet Pool (c. 1878), 442n9
Sunrise on the East River (1875), 101, 410n34
Sunset Landscape with Pond (1886), 241, 250
Winter Scene in Moonlight (1869), 69, 99
Farrer, Thomas C., 20, 53–57, 59, 68, 70, 91, 93, 157, 390, 400nn56–57, 401n71, 403n48, 404n65, 423n25
Three Eggs (c. 1865), 54
Fenn, Harry, 117, 390, 401n71, 404n82
Ferris, Stephen, 408n60, 430n34, 430n36
Field, E. C. (Miss), 425n41
Field, George, 383, 385
Fielding, T. FF, 78
figure painting in watercolor, 74, 117, 135–53, 217–37, 273“74, 439n47, 441n89, 449n93
Fisher, Anna S., 390
Fisher, Ellen Thayer, 16, 19, 155, 157, 161, 272, 394n10, 424n38
A Study in Color, Household Decoration (1877), 423n6
Fitler, William Crothers, 271–72, 442n60
Fitz, Benjamin R., 390, 443n81
Flagg, James Montgomery, 273, 449n94
Flynn, Michael, 308–9, 311
Forest, Lockwood de, 165
Forman, Justus Miles, 285
Forsyth, William J., 200, 390, 433n78
Fortuny y Marsal, Mariano, 13, 90–91, 102, 111, 121–22, 128, 137, 148, 150–52, 178, 184, 187, 189, 191–94, 197, 199, 203, 212, 219, 221, 226, 231, 235, 271, 408n60, 412n81, 420n50, 422n98, 422n106, 430n34, 432n6o, 432n70
Camels Reposing, Tangiers (1865), 250
The Choice of a Model (1866–422n101
Masquerade (1868), 90, 408n55
A Moroccan (1869), 170, 203
On the Terrace (c. 1876), 91, 408n61
The Rare Vase (1870), 422n99, 430n36
Foster, Ben, 390, 442n1
Foster, Myles Birket, 51, 57, 67, 74, 93, 398n24, 404n67
Fowler, Mary B. Odenheimer (Mrs. Frank), 451n136 framing practices and watercolor, 21, 47, 108, 109, 130, 155, 160, 162, 170, 180, 221–22, 239, 248, 297, 299, 301, 394n15, 400n65, 401n9, 411n78, 412n85, 426n64, 428n105, 428n111, 428n114, 434n104, 435n131, 435n133, 438n37, 451n134, 452n14, 460n96
Francis, Sam, 373
Trank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper (New York), illustrations for, 22, 121, 414n19, 441n89
Frankenthaler, Helen, 373
Fraser, John A., 390
Frederick Dallas Hamilton Road Pottery, Plate (1877), 177 Fredericks, Alfred, 60, 77, 117, 160, 388, 390, 401n71, 404n82, 424n32
Freer, Charles L., 439n52
Freer, Frederick W., 214, 390, 431n42, 433n89, 439n47
French watercolor tradition, 13, 89–91, 48, 115, 140, 152, 183–84, 213, 394n4, 422n103, 429n8, 455n79
Frère, Pierre–Edouard, 418n19
Frieseke, Frederick, 339
Fromuth, C., 442n1
Frost, Arthur Burdett, 121, 280, 416n59, 416n65, 416n81
Fuller, Lucia Fairchild, 446n15
Fussell, Charles Lewis, 271
F. W. Devoe and C. T. Raynolds Company (New York), 376–77, 385–86, 465n57, 466n59, 466n72
F. Weber & Company (Philadelphia), 380, 384–85, 387, 465n43, 465n58
Gallagher, Sears, 446n22
Gallatin, Albert Eugene, 317–18, 334, 351, 356–58, 361, 370–72, 460n105
Galt, George, 405n93, 407n22
Garber, Daniel, 252, 444n51
Gardner, Isabella Stewart, 23, 192, 328–29, 335–36
Columns of Ramesseum (from Egypt Diary) (1875), 23–24, 24
Gauguin, Paul, 278, 348, 447n31, 447n41, 449n92, 461n100, 461n111
Gauley, Robert D., 390
Gay, Henry B., 388
Gellatly, John, 87, 237, 439n52
German watercolor tradition, 11, 13, 48, 89, 91, 128, 152, 184, 186, 191, 196–97, 199, 212, 214, 221, 224, 226, 244, 397n54, 397n56, 398n27, 428n4, 430n32, 432n68, 432n77, 434n104, 440n83, 441n106
Gérôme, Jean-Léon, 108, 144–45, 194, 412n81, 415n35, 420n63, 420n66, 421n81, 441n91
Gibson, Charles Dana, 273
Gibson, Henry, 408n60
Gibson, W. Hamilton, 121, 390
Gifford, Frances Eliot (Mrs. R. Swain), 461n136
Gifford, R. Swain, 60, 63, 83, 108, 110–11, 125–27, 133, 137, 183, 193, 209, 245, 390, 407n38, 411n63, 412n82, 412nn84–85, 413n106, 416n59, 416n73, 417n111, 425n46, 428n111, 429n7, 433n94, 436n165, 436n168, 442n1
Gifford, Sanford, 95, 98, 399n38
Gignoux, Regis, 397n60, 432n65
Gilbert, Cass, 259
Gilbert, John, 48
Giles, Howard E., 390
Girtin, Thomas, 442n7
Glackens, William, 277, 302, 305, 344–47, 356, 363, 368, 458n47, 458n53
Christmas Shoppers, Madison Square (1912), 347, 458n52
Glasgow, Daniel, 388, 401n71
Glasgow, James I., Yellow Hook, Long Island (1852), 31, 388
Gleizes, Albert, 350
Goldsmith, Oliver, 128–29
Goodyear, William H., 370, 462n147
Gore, John, 378, 464nn24–25
gouache. See opaque watercolor
Goupil & Cie. (New York), 36, 103–4, 122, 192, 380, 396n39, 396n42, 408n58, 408n60, 410n41
Gouvy, Alice Carmen, 22, 168–69, 268, 426n61
Dandelion Plant 93 (1902), 169
Granbery, Henrietta, 159, 424n30
Granbery, Virginia, 56, 159, 401n71, 424n30
Grant, Gordon H., 390
Granville–Smith, Walter, 390
Graphic, The (New York), illustrations for, 121, 389
Gray, Susan Clark (Mrs. Henry Peters Gray), 390, 404n74, 423n25
Greacen, Edmund W., 390
Great Central Fair (Philadelphia, 1864), 51, 399n34
Greatorex, Eleanor E., 272
Greatorex, Kathleen, 272
Green, Elizabeth Shippen, 252, 280, 283–86, 286, 287, 301, 340, 449n97, 450n124, 451n144
“All misery, Antoine! And now I live beneath a sword” (c. 1907), 285
Gisele (c. 1908), 285
Green, Frank R., 390
Greenaway, Kate, 283
Gregory, F. M., 439n47
Griffin, Walter P., 390
Groll, Albert L., 390
Gross, Samuel D., 146, 153
Gruppe, Charles, 390, 442m Guerin, Jules, 390 Guislain, Jean–Marie, 390
Gustav Reichard & Co. gallery (New York), 159, 259, 305, 424n26, 443n23, 442n114, 454n54, 455n70
Guy, Seymour Joseph, 390, 413n1
Hague school. See Dutch watercolor tradition
Hahs, Philip, 140, 419n42, 453n25
Somethin’ Good in Dar (1881), 419n42
Hailman, Johanna, 458n34
Hallowell, George Hawley, 252, 274, 446n19, 449n90, 450n117, 451n144
Saint Michael Slaying the Dragon (1925), 254
Trees in Winter (c. 1910), 254
Wissataquoik River Drive (1903), 445n63
Halpin, Frederick W., 388
Halpin, John, 43, 60, 388, 390, 395n4, 397n62
Hals, Frans, 197, 346, 459n59
Hamilton, Hamilton, 390, 439n47
Hamilton, James, 32, 36, 48, 48–51, 55, 59, 93, 97, 102, 246, 398n24, 399n32, 399n34, 399n42, 399n44
BeachScene (c. 1865), 399n34
Beach Scene at Sunset (c. 1865–49, 51
Marches, New Jersey (1861), 399n34
A Palace of Egypt (Egyptian Ruins) (c. 1859–399n37
The Sceptre of Egypt (c. 1859–399n37
Hamilton, John McLure, 444n51
Hanks, Owen G., Lake and Mountains (undated), 31, 388
Harding, James Duffield, 45, 48, 398n24
Harnett, William Michael, 271
Harper & Brothers publications (New York), illustrations for, 21, 25, 103, 117, 120–21, 126–29, 132, 135, 137, 139, 164, 179, 181, 215, 218, 224–28, 230, 278, 263, 275–76, 280, 282, 285, 347, 396n29, 396n37, 397n44, 404n70, 407n23, 413n5, 414nn18–20, 414n26, 414n28, 415n50, 416nn65–66, 416n77, 417n108, 418n4, 427n85, 439nn53–54, 439n59, 448n68, 450n120
Harpignies, Henri–Joseph, 427n88, 433n77
Harris, William Arnold, 317
Harrison, Constance Cary (Mrs. Burton), 425n50, 425n53, 450n132
Hart, George O., 390
Hart, Marie Theresa Gorsuch (Mrs. James M.), 451n136
Hart, William, 32, 40, 59, 61, 63–65, 67–68, 71, 77, 78, 79, 83, 91, 93, 96, 105, 112–13, 125, 388, 390, 395n20, 401n3, 404n82, 405n96, 407n38, 465n57
Beaching the Boat (1850s), 31
Children on Lake Shore (1850s), 31
First Snow, Grafton, Maine (1867), 64
On Grand Manan, New Brunswick (1867), 64, 402n31
A Sylvan Scene near Bethel, Maine (c. 1868), 402n31
Hartley, Marsden, 343, 349–50, 353, 356, 360–62, 456n10, 459n56
Hartman, C. Bertram, 390 Hartmann, Sadakichi, 280, 446n22
Hartson, W. C., 442n22
Harvey, George, 30, 35, 41, 59, 396n36, 400n66, 405n96, 436n156
Haseltine, Charles F., 390
Haseltine, William Stanley, 98–100, 319, 409n10, 410n29, 413n106
A Venetian Lagoon (1871/1874), 100
Haskell, Howard, 368–69, 462n140
Haskell, Loring, 462n137
Hassam, F. Childe, 17, 19, 162, 172, 224, 232, 234–36, 236, 237, 239, 252, 259–60, 262, 273, 282, 292–93, 295–98, 333, 335, 338, 345–46, 357, 363, 369–71, 373, 385, 390, 441n106, 442nn114–15, 446n18, 446n22, 466n60
Blossoming Trees (1882), 235
Boulevard at Night, Paris (1889), 235
Broad Cove, Appledore (Babb’s Cove, Appledore) (1912), 335, 457n14
Flower Garden (c. 1892), 236
The Garden in Its Glory (1892), 298
The Island Garden (1892), 237, 298
La Bouqueti ère et la Latière (Flower Store and Dairy Store) (1888), 236
The Minuet (1912), 442n115, 457n13
Nocturne, Railway Crossing, Chicago (1893), 235
Promenade (1883), 235
Rainy Day, Columbus Avenue (watercolor, 1885), 235
Rainy Day, Columbus Avenue, Boston (oil, 1885), 235
Wet Night Effect (c. 1885–235
Hatfield, Joseph Henry, 384, 384–85, 466n60, 466n65
Havemeyer, Louisine, 184, 429n7
Hawthorne, Charles W., 390
Hayden, Colonel F. V., 101, 103, 410n42
Haydon, Benjamin Robert, 45
Hay, DeWitt C., 388
Hay, John, 170, 426n71
Hayes, Dr. Isaac I., 399n44
Heade, Martin Johnson, 95, 98, 413n107
Helff, Josepf, 395n11
Hennessy, William John, 118, 390
Henri, Robert, 252, 262, 277, 344, 346–47, 350, 356, 368, 453n28
Henry, Edward Lamson, 77, 136, 224, 390, 413n1, 420n64
Herrick, Robert, 128
Herter, Albert, 273, 390, 446n22
Higgins, Eugene, 390
Hildebrandt, Howard L., 390
Hill, John, 34, 396nn30–31
Hill, John Henry, 20, 33, 54, 57, 91, 93–94, 96, 109, 120, 136, 157, 396n30, 409n2, 409n3, 414n16
Natural Bridge, Virginia (1876), 94
Shoshone Falls (1868), 409n3
Sunnyside with Picnickers (1878), 409n5
Hill, John William, 16, 20, 30, 32–35, 41, 46, 48, 50, 53–55, 57, 59, 61, 66–68, 70, 77, 91, 93, 105, 108, 156–57, 307, 372, 388, 390, 395n11, 397n48, 396nn30–31, 398n24, 423n10, 423n25
Apples and Plums (1874), 53, 68
Dead Game (c. 1866), 57, 403n45
Fawn’s Leap, Catskill Mountains (1867), 67
High Bridge (c. 1848), 34
Hollyhocks (c. 1866), 57, 403n45
Piermont on the Hudson River, New York (1856), 34
Rocks at Mount Desert (c. 1866), 399n47
West Nyack, New York (Lilies of the Field) (1868), 68, 70
Hills, Laura Coombs, 14, 259, 446n15
The Black Hat (1918), 259
Hind, James F., 390
Hintermeister, Henry, 390
Hiroshige, Utagawa, 366
Hirst, Claude Raguet, 23, 271–72, 318, 338, 446n16, 448n58, 448nn60–62
Book Closed over Spectacles (c. 1894), 272
Hitchcock, Ripley, 91, 1 13, 193, 199, 401n67, 404n82, 408n54, 431n52
Hoeber, Arthur, 273, 442n1
Hoffman, Harry L., 390
Holmes, George W., 39, 144, 399n42, 420n59
Holsten, Kate (Mrs. George), 451n136
Holzer, Jacob A., 166, 168, 425n59
Homer, A. P., 379, 464n31
Homer, Charles, 453n42, 464n29
Homer, Henrietta Benson, 22, 38, 136, 155, 178, 181, 290, 394n10, 427nn96–97, 451n136
Bird on Branch (probably 1879), 23
Dandelions (c. 1880), 178
Homer, Winslow, 13–14, 19, 20–27, 38–39, 61, 77, 81–85, 87–88, 91, 93, 96, 102, 106, 11 1, 113, 115, 117–18, 120–26, 128–29, 131–33, 135–36, 136, 137–53, 155–57, 160, 172, 174–75, 178–79, 183–89, 193, 196, 201–17, 220–21, 224–37, 239, 241, 243–44, 246, 252–54, 259–62, 268–69, 273, 280, 288, 291, 293, 295, 297–98, 305–21, 323, 325–30, 333–36, 342–47, 353, 356–57, 359–60, 363–65, 367–73, 385, 390, 402n17, 406n13, 406n15, 413n5, 414n26, 415n50, 415n52, 418n4, 419nn45–46, 420n51, 424n32, 434n119, 435n137, 441n96, 446n20, 448n68, 449n82, 450n124, 452n3, 454n54, 455n70, 456n7
After the Hurricane, Bahamas (1899), 293, 314, 314–15, 330, 454n60
Apple Picking (1878), 201–2, 202, 234, 454n60
Autumn (1877), 125, 419n46, 420n51
Backgammon (1877), 141–42, 419n43
Basket (c. 1879), 139
Bermuda (1900), 3 ry, 315–17, 383, 385, 455nn64–65, 455n72
Black Bass (1904), 312, 317, 454n54, 454n58
Blackboard (1877), 125, 141–42, 142
Book (The New Novel) (1877), 141, 419n27, 419n43
Boy Fishing (1892), 311, 31 1–12, 326
Boys in a Dory (1873), 136–37, 137, 188
Boys Wading (1873), 88, 136
Building a Smudge (1891), 262, 308, 317, 328, 455n71
The Busy Bee (1875), 140, 419nn41–42, 419n46
Children on a Fence (1874), 138
Diamond Shoal (1905), 26, 316, 316–17, 327, 343, 455n68
Dressing for the Carnival (1877), 140
Eastern Point Light (1880), 208, 435nn136–37
Fishing Boats, Key West (1903), 313, 317–18, 327, 330
A Flower for the Teacher (Taking Sunflower to Teacher) (1875), 85, 139–41, 146, 152, 419n36, 419n41, 419n46
Fresh Air (1878), 150, 150–51, 178–79, 201–3, 203, 434n109, 434n116
A Garden in Nassau (1885), 306
Girl (c. 1879), 139
Gloucester Harbor (engraving after Homer, 1873), 136–37, l37
Gloucester Harbor (water–color, 1873), 136, 187
Gloucester Sunset (1880), 205, 208
The Guide and Woodsman (Adirondacks) (1889), 308, 308–9
Guide Carrying a Deer (1891), 308, 308–9
The Gulf Stream (1899), 315, 454n47
How Many Eggs, (1875), 139
Hudson River, Logging (1891/1892), 317
A Huntsman and Dogs (1891), 309
The Incoming Tide (1883), 228
Inside the Bar (1883), 216, 229, 229–30, 305, 435n137
In the Garden (1874), 147, 186, 186–87, 189, 202, 429n19, 441n93
Key West, Hauling Anchor(Pulling in the Anchor) (1903), 317
Lemon (Girl Peeling a Lemon) (1876), 139, 141–42, 419n43, 420n51
The Life Line (1884), 305
Mending the Nets (Far Away from Billingsgate) (1882), 132, 228, 455n70
Milking Time (1875), 421n82, 429n19
Mink Pond (1891), 307, 307–8, 310, 312, 320, 347, 453n41
Old Friends (1894), 310, 310–11, 317, 330, 455n73
Prout’s Neck Surf (1894), 25, 317, 455n72
Rattlesnake (c. 1876), 142
Resting Shepherdess (1877), 175, 179, 427nn85–86, 427n101
Sailboat and Fourth of July Fireworks (1880), 207–8
Schooner at Sunset (1880), 208, 435n136
Scotch Mist (1884), 439n51
Sheep (c. 1879), 139
A Sick Chicken (1874), 138, 141
Skating in Central Park (1860), 28, 38, 344–45, 397n44, 413n5
Snap the Whip (1872), 139
Sunset Fires (1880), 206, 208
The Trysting Place (1875), 125, 139, 140–41, 141, 146, 152, 187, 419n36, 419n46
Two Sailboats (1880), 204, 207
A Visit from the Old Mistress (1876), 140
Voice from the Cliffs (1883), 228
Waiting for the Boats (1873), 80, 82, 136, 138–39, 188
watercolor boxes belonging to, 380, 435n138, 454n60, 466n61, 466n66
The Water Fan (1898–314, 314–15
Why Don’t the Suckers Bite, (1875), 139
Winding the Clock (1881), 434n113
Young Woman Sewing (1876), 141, 143, 152
Hooper, Edward, 390, 405n94
Hopkinson, Charles, 457n24
Hopper, Edward, 27, 334, 367–70, 372–73, 446n19, 462nn136–37
Haskell’s House (1924), 367–69, 369, 462n137
Hopper, Josephine Nivison, 368, 462n134
Hovenden, Helen Corson (Mrs. Thomas), 461n136
Hovenden, Thomas, 81, 135, 140, 390, 413n1, 419n42, 420n64
Howell, Felicie W., 390
Howells, William Dean, 292, 295
Hudson River School, 35, 40–43, 65, 98–99, 105, 112, 118, 209, 241–43, 397n58, 423n3, 436n165, 437n20
Humphries, Alexander C., 317
Hunt, Richard Morris, 259, 424n32
Hunt, Samuel Valentine, 30, 388, 395n4, 395n6, 396n25
Scene at Huntington, Long Island (c. 1836), 31
Hunt, William Henry, 33, 53, 68, 398n24, 400nn52–53
Hunt, William Holman, 122, 415n36
Hunt, William Morris, 197, 406n15, 436n150
Huntington, Daniel, 14, 397n57
Huntington, R. P., 408n60
Hutchens, Frank T., 390
H. Wunderlich & Co. gallery (New York), 194, 249–50, 431n41, 440n84
Hyde, Douglas, 279, 449n95
illustration and watercolor, 14–15, 20–21, 36, 38–39, 86, 103, 105, 117–135–40, 273–89, 344–371–450n127
Impressionism and watercolor, 13, 20, 26, 91, 108, 111, 152, 183–215, 218, 221, 231–37, 244, 250, 265, 273, 295–330, 333–38, 430n32, 435n149, 453n28. See also sketch aesthetic
Indoni, Filippo, 412n89
Inness, George, 17, 25–26, 42–43, 64, 87, 93, 99, 110–13, 113, 114–15, 128, 175, 188, 190, 203, 209–10, 212–13, 215, 235, 242–47, 250, 262, 268–69, 305, 318–19, 326, 357, 372, 397n60, 402n17, 412n95, 412n103, 413n106, 413n107, 416n73, 416n76, 427n87, 435n149, 436n160, 443nn18–19
Across the Campagna (1872), 413n107
Castle in the Mountains (c. 1873), 114
The Dolomites (c. 1873), 114–115, 115, 244, 318, 326
Early Spring on the Passaic (1880–244
June (c. 1873), 114
Landscape (Woods) (1866), 112
Niagara (Montclair Art Museum, c. 1881–443nn16–17
Niagara Falls (1881-242-44, 258, 443nn16–17
Old Apple Trees (c. 1880–209, 209–10, 243–45
The Old Roman Road (1870–412n103
Olive Trees at Tivoli (1870–412n103
The River Bank (c. 1880–243, 243–44, 268
Saint Peter’s from the Campagna (1870–412n102
A Spring Morning near Montclair (1892), 443n19
The Turkey (c. 1880–436n150
View of S. Giorgio Maggiore, Venice (c. 1872), 113–14, 114
Woodland Scene (1849–42, 43, 112, 397n61
Institute of Painters in Water Colours (London). See Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours
instruction manuals (watercolor), 30, 41, 45, 51, 53, 65, 77–78, 177, 272, 276, 363, 377–78, 395n12, 397n1, 402n35, 406n20, 418n10, 427n90
Interstate Industrial Exposition (Chicago), 83, 179
Inverno, Nicola d’, 328, 456n102, 456n107
Ipsen, Ernest, 390
Irving, Washington, 36, 94, 395n4, 396n37
Isham, Charles B., 390
Israels, Jozef, 193, 245, 431n50
Jacquemart, Jules Ferdinand, 426n64
James, Henry, 91, 127, 137–38, 151, 178, 212, 361
Janentzky & Weber (Philadelphia), 384–85, 465n58
J. Eastman Chase gallery (Boston), 440n69, 444n41, 444n48, 444n54, 446n11, 446n22, 447n28, 452n22
Johnson, David, 42, 94, 390
Johnson, Eastman, 75, 81, 413n1
The Mother (c. 1873), 413n1
Johnson, John G., 176, 320
Johnston, John Taylor, 91, 408n61
Jones, Alfred M., 36, 56, 388, 390, 401n71
The Jack–Knife (1859), 36–37, 37
Jones, Francis C., 390
Jones, H. Bolton, 390, 442n1
Jones, Loïs Mailou, 370
Jongkind, Johan, 433n77
Joseph, M. D., 390
Josephi, Isaac A., 390
Juley, Peter A. See Peter A. Juley & Son
Julius, Oscar H., 390
Kaelin, Charles S., 390
Kandinsky, Vassily, 353–55
Kappes, Alfred, 120–21, 390, 414n28, 416n73, 433n89, 439n47
Keene, Charles, 122, 414n30
Keller, Arthur I., 273, 368, 390, 449n94, 452n6
Keller, Henry G., 365–66, 460n79, 462n124
Kellogg, Lavinia Steele, 272, 448n63
Kelly, James E., 123–24, 415n46, 416n73
Kemble, Edward Windsor, 121, 416n65
Kensett, John Frederick, 40, 42, 57, 93, 95, 98, 397n49
Kent, Rockwell, 368, 450n127, 462n133
Kever, Jacob Simon Hendrik, 193
King, Clarence, 55, 94, 439n44
King, Edith, 460n100
King, F. S., 120
Kingsley, Charles, 284
Kirk, John, 388
Klaw, Alonzo, 390
Kline, Franz, 373
Kline, William F., 390
Knoedler gallery (New York), 54, 231, 259, 313, 323, 335, 339, 357, 376, 400nn56–57, 406n12, 408n60, 411n54, 415n35, 422n98, 431n52, 435n128, 445n14, 452n6, 454n54, 455nn70–71
Knowlton, Maud Briggs, 177–78, 292, 427n95
Design for a Plate (1903), 177
Holly and Mistletoe (1900), 427n95
Kollock, Mary, 423n7
Kraushaar Galleries, 459n55
Kriebel, Sarah, Drawing of a vase with bird and flowers for Naomi Schultz (1852), 21
Kronberg, Louis, 390
Kroyer, Peder Severin, 453n31
Kruseman vao Elten, Hendrik, 390, 417n111, 442n1
Kuho, Walt, 302
Kurtz, William, 127, 411n54, 416n73
Ladies’ Home Journal, illustratioos for, 283, 450n109
La Farge, Joho, 13, 17, 21, 23, 25, 46, 59, 87, 111, 117, 118, 118–20, 122, 127–28, 135, 144, 155–56, 158, 160, 166, 169–75, 179, 185–86, 189, 196, 201, 210, 214–15, 219–20, 224, 233, 257, 259, 260–62, 264–70, 272–73, 277, 280, 289–90, 293, 305, 307, 318, 333, 352, 357, 360, 370, 372–73, 400n63, 404n66, 407n13, 407n36, 413nn6–7, 414n13, 414n14, 414n16, 421n74, 423n6, 424n32, 424n33, 425n53, 426nn70–71, 426n82, 429n14, 447n42, 447n44, 447n47, 453n40
Adoring Angels: Study for a Mural, Church of the Ascension, New York (c. 1885), 172
Bishop Hatto—Drawing on Wood (1866), 414n16
A Bridle Path in Tahiti (c. 1900), 256, 265, 266, 266–67, 293, 372, 447nn40–41
Chinese Pi–tong (1879), 172, 173, 173–74, 196, 270, 426n78
Christ and Nicodemus (c. 1879), 169
Enoch Arden (1865), 118, 185
The Halt of the Wise Men (1867), 413n11
Hollyhocks (c. 1879–264
Inlaid with Mother of Pearl (c. 1879), 426n78
Japanese InroWood (c. 1879), 426n78
A Normandy Farm (c. 1870), 413n7
Old Japanese Porcelain Screen of Imari Ware (c. 1879), 426n78
Peonies in a Breeze (1890), 170, 171
Peonies in the Wind (c. 1889–170, 171
The Sense of Smell (1881), 426n65
A Sketch (1877), 185–86, 429n14–15, 455n72
Songs from Old Dramatists (1873), 119–20, 185
The Strange Thing Little Kiosai Saw in the River (1897), 267, 447nn45–46
Sunrise in Fog over Kyoto (1886), 267, 453n40
Trionfo d’Amore (c. 1866–119, 414n13
Waimea [Hawaii] (1890), 265
Wild Roses and Water Fily—Study of Sunlight (c. 1883), 174, 270, 425n82
Wolf Charmer (1867), 118–19, 119, 413n11
Laffao, William M., 407n35, 414n20, 415n58, 416n59, 438n40
Lamb, Frederick M., 390
Lambdio, George C., 156, 161, 413n1, 423n10, 424n40
landscape painting aod watercolor, 17, 19, 31, 40–42, 70–71, 77, 93–115, 239–55, 353–60, 370–73, 441n89, 446n22, 448n64
Lathrop, Fraocis A., 390
Lathrop, William Langson, 250, 250–52, 254, 277, 333, 390, 444n48, 444n50, 446n16, 446n22, 458n37
The Old Schoolhouse (1907), 444n50
Twilight in Connecticut (Country Road Near Solebury) (c. 1896), 251, 444n46
Latrobe, Joho, Trompe–l’oeil (c. 1827), 374
Lauber, Joseph, 166, 168, 425n59, 447n49
Lawrence, Jacob, 370
Migration Series (1941), 462n146
Leigh, William R., 390
Leslie, Charles, 48
Leutze, Emanuel G., 59, 390, 401n7, 405n94
Lever, Hayley, 342, 467n24, 458n38
Lewis, Edmuod Darch, 241, 399n42, 399n44
Lewis, Francis W. (Dr.), 390, 399n42, 409n7, 422n98
Lewis, Joho Frederick, 74, 404n66
Linton, William J., 390, 414n15
Lippincott, William FL, 151 439n47
lithography and watercolor, 15–17, 29–36, 38–39, 57, 101, 118, 120, 144, 155, 181, 226, 278, 345, 373, 396n37, 397n45, 424n31, 425n41, 432n68. See also chromolithography
printmaking aod watercolor
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 76
Loogpre, Paul de, 16, 448n64
Lorraio, Claude, Fiber Veritatis, 42, 102, 397n60
Louisville Industrial Exposition (Kentucky), 83
Low, Will H., 81, 121, 128, 166, 233, 259, 318, 415n35, 416n79, 424n32, 431n46
Luks, George Beojamio, 260, 277, 305, 344, 346–47, 356, 457n24, 459n55, 459n58, 461n116, 461n121, 463nn149–50
The Screecher: Fake Rossignol, Nova Scotia (1919), 346
Wooded Fandscape with Pond (c. 1925–346, 346–47
Lumley, Arthur, 390
Lungren, Fernand FL, 184, 191, 197, 214, 235, 271, 416n73, 427n101, 430n35, 431nn42–43, 433n89
Paris Street Scene (Across a Bridge, Wet Day) (1882), 191, 431n43
Macbeth Gallery (New York), 114, 259, 301, 371, 441n94, 444n48, 446n16, 452n23, 459n55
MacChesoey, Clara, 390, 446n22
MacCord, Mary N., 390
MacDooald–Wright, Staotoo, 27, 350–53, 355, 372–73, 459n72, 459n76, 461n121, 462n149
Conception Fife–Cycle Series No. II: Tinted Sketch for Synchromy in Blue–Violet (1914), 351
Conception Synchromy (1914), 352, 459n77
Generation (1914), 351, 352, 459n74
MacGilvary, Norwood H., 390
MacKoight, Dodge, 23, 252, 330, 335–36, 363, 370–71, 446n19, 451n144, 457n16, 458n38, 460n100
Cape Cod in Autumn (c. 1919), 336
Madrazo, Raimuodo, 90
Magooo, Revereod Elias, 48, 97–98, 220, 239–40, 390, 398n24, 399n42, 409nn19–20, 410n23
Magrath, William, 77, 151, 228, 390, 422n104
Manet, Édouard, 184, 194, 250, 361, 440n81, 432n62
Manigault, Edward M., 363, 459n56
Mao Ray, 27, 349, 350, 350–51, 353, 360, 370, 373, 461n111
A. D. 1914 (1914), 350
Chinese Theatre (1915), 350
Interior (1915), 350–51
Marin, John, 19, 26, 26–27, 297, 305, 334–35, 34G 343, 347, 349, 353, 356–60, 362, 364–65, 367, 369–73, 423n3, 456n7, 457n17, 457n24, 461n121
Municipal Building, New York (1912), 358
Near Calais, Maine (1951), 27
The Red Sun, Brooklyn Bridge (1922), 332, 358–59, 339, 460n102
Tyrol Series, No. 7 (1910), 335, 357, 357–58, 460n97
Maris, Jacobus Hendrikus, 193, 245, 431n52, 432n57
Springtime, 193
Marquaod, Henry, 426n67
Marsh, Henry, 119–21, 185, 414nn14–15
Wolf Charmer (c. 1868), 119
Marsh, Regioald, 370–73, 461n116
Marshall, Thomas W., 390
Martin, Homer D., 121, 442n1
Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association Art Exposition (Boston, 1874), 153, 405n15
Masury & Whitoo (New York), 380
Matisse, Heori, 336, 341–43, 348–50, 358, 366, 461n111
Blue Nude (1907), 349
Matulka, Jan, 356, 370, 461n150
Maurer, Alfred Henry, 349, 357
Mauris, Maurice, 200, 433n95
Maury, Edward, 42
Mauve, Aotoo, 193–94, 245, 250, 431n50, 431n52, 431n57
Mayer, Coostaot, 390, 405n94
Mayoard, George W., 390, 416n59, 416n73
McBride, Henry, 334, 359, 370–71
McCarter, Henry, 278–80, 280, 282–84, 286, 289, 297, 344–45, 353, 357, 360, 364, 408n47, 449nn92–93, 449n98
Yearly Tribute to the King of Tara (c. 1906), 279, 279–80, 458n37
McCord, George Herbert, 390, 442n1
McCutcheoo, S.G., 416n73, 437n9
McDooald, Margaret J., 57, 60, 159, 162–63, 177, 390, 401n71, 423n7, 423n25, 427n93, 451n135
McEntee, Lily, 451n136
Mcllhenny, Charles M., 390
McLaughlin, Mary Louise, 176–78, 290, 427n90, 427n92, 427n95, 430n35, 450n133, 451n136
plate by (1877), 177
Invitation to the Cincinnati Pottery Club Reception (1881), 176
McMicken School of Drawing aod Design (Cincinnati), 271, 452n8
Meakin, Lewis Heory, 433n78
Meissonier, Jean–Louis–Eroest, 148, 250, 408n58, 422n103
A Cavalier (1861), 250
Melchers, Gari, 431n56
Mendenhall, Emma, 390
Mente, Charles, 390, 442n1
Mesdag, Heodrik Willem, 431n52, 432n57
Metcalf, Willard, 390, 446n22
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), 26, 317–18, 323, 330
Metzinger, Jean, 350
Mielatz, Charles F. W., 390
Mies, August, 439n47
Millais, John Everett, 122, 133, 414n30, 415n36
Miller, Alfred Jacob, 18–20, 35, 48, 276, 394n13, 398n27
Fort Faramie, Wyoming (1837), 18, 19, 394n13
Miller, Charles H., 127, 183, 390, 416n73, 433n89, 442n1
Miller, Leslie W., 117, 229–30, 413n3
Miller, William Rickarby, 30, 32, 35, 41, 59, 64, 81, 372, 388, 394n4, 396n34
Catskill Clove in Palingsville (1856), 35
Millet, Francis D., 127, 224, 231, 233, 390, 416n59, 439n47, 447n28
Lacing the Sandal (c. 1883), 224
Millet, Jean-François, 250, 426n64, 430n32, 432n77, 436n150
Milne, David, 460n100
mioiature paiotiog, 14, 41, 74, 259–60, 272, 387n53, 438n37, 446nn14–15, 461n113
Mitchell, Joan, 373
M. Knoedler & Co. See Knoedler gallery
Moffat, John, 463n7
Monet, Claude, 13, 138, 187–88, 211, 232, 234, 237, 307, 318, 429n7, 440n81, 444n48, 457n16
Impression, Sunrise (1872), 187
Montross Gallery (New York), 267, 342, 371, 441n91, 447n40, 447n44
Moore, Charles Herbert, 20, 52, 54–55, 59, 68, 70–71, 73, 93, 99, 217, 254, 270, 390, 401n71, 403n44, 405n94, 406n15, 410n32
John Ruskin (1876–410n32
Mount Washington (1872), 70, 99
Rocks by the Water (c. 1865–52
Moore, Edward C., 165, 424n32, 430n34
Moore, Humphrey (Harry) H., 422n106
Moore, Nina, 56, 159, 400nn64–65, 424n32
Mora, Fraocis Luis, 273, 390, 457n32, 458n37
Moran, Edward, 32, 50, 54, 59, 117, 228, 272–73, 291, 390, 399n35, 402n16, 411n43
The Ocean—Highway of All Nations (1892), 445n55
Moran, John, 107, 411n68, 428n107
Moran, Leon, 151, 273, 291, 390, 438n38
Morao, Mary Nimmo, 291, 451n136
Moran, Percy, 151, 273, 291, 390
Moran, Thomas, 19–20, 25, 32, 46, 50–52, 54–55, 59, 81, 87–89, 91, 93, 97, 99, 101, 102, 102–6, 108–13, 115, 117, 120–22, 128, 131, 133, 148, 1 59, 190, 203, 210, 213, 219, 239, 242, 244, 261–62, 265, 273, 291, 318–19, 390, 397n57, 399n35, 399n42, 404n82, 410n42, 411n52, 424n34, 451n1
Big Springs in Yellowstone Park (1872), 103
The Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone (1872), 103
Mountain of the Holy Cross (1890), 104, 105, 239, 411n51
Portfolio of Yellowstone Views (1876), 159
ARuined Fortress (c. 1864), 51
Ruins on the Nile (1858), 50–51, 51, 52, 104, 399n37
Sketchbook of Plateau County (Utah) (1873), 19, 102
ASuggestion (1873), 104
Sulphur Spring, Yellowstone Country (c. 1874), 411n49
The Upper End of Little Cottonwood Canyon (1879), 102
Morand, Paul, 371–72
Morgan, Matthew, 86, 155, 390, 413n1
Morrice, James Wilson, 452n12
Morris, Harrison, 106, 108
Morris, William, 21, 156, 165, 169, 214–15, 289–90, 301, 450n124, 461n129
Morse, Anne Goddard, 424n32
Moser, James H., 390, 442n1
Motherwell, Robert, 373
Mount, William Sidney, 40, 414n27
Mucha, Alphonse, 278, 363, 390
Muhrman, Henry, 183, 214, 390, 433n77, 433n89, 442n1
Munich school. See German watercolor tradition
Munson, Julia, 168, 426n61
Murphy, Ada C. (Mrs. John Francis), 451n136
Murphy, Hermann Dudley, 297–98, 446n18, 452n12, 452n14, 451n144, 458n37
Murphy, John Francis, 245–46, 250–51, 333, 390, 416n73, 443n22, 446n19
Eventide (c. 1883), 245
November Gray (c. 1887), 245
Under Gray Skies (1892), 443n22
Withered Wastes (c. 1881), 245
Murray, Elizabeth Heaphy, 23, 57, 60, 76–77, 162, 292, 390, 401n67, 405n94, 404nn72–73, 404nn78–79, 423n25
The Cheat Detected (1864), 76, 76–77, 404n76, 404n80
Muybridge, Eadweard, 269
Nash, Joseph, 57
National Academy of Design (New York), 12, 19, 21–22, 22, 60–61, 81–85, 120–21, 128, 136, 146, 176, 159, 162, 179–80, 180, 183, 185–86, 205, 217, 218–19, 220, 224, 250, 257–58, 258, 261, 272–73, 290, 389, 401n9, 401n80, 402n13, 405n5, 405n7, 405n93, 406n10, 407n22, 407n36, 428n3, 435n129, 437n4, 437nn13–14, 438n24, 439n49, 445n6, 445n1, 445n1, 445n10, 451n135
Needham, Charles A., 390, 446n22
Nelson, George L. 390
Nelson, William L., 390
Neuhuys, Albert, 250, 431n52
Newell, George G., 390
Newell, Hugh, 141, 390, 439n47
New England Watercolor Society. See Boston Water Color Society
Newman, Henry Roderick, 16, 20, 52, 74, 54–57, 59, 68, 70–93, 122, 156–57, 159, 236–37, 254, 270–72, 299, 318, 371, 390, 400n60, 401n71, 403nn59–60, 412n81
Anemones (1876), 44, 77, 73, 400n60
Flowers (c. 1875), 403n59
Fringed Gentians (before 1869), 424n30, 424n32
Grapes and Olives (1878), 73, 270
Mount Everett in the Snow (1869), 403n59
Philae (1900), 270
Santa Maria Novella, Florence, Italy (1884), 71–72, 72, 403n60–61
Sazanqua, Wild Tea: Yokohama (Oriental Still Life) (1898), 270–71, 271
New Path, The, 55, 71
New York Crystal Palace Exhibition (New York, 1853), 29–31, 41, 395n2, 395n4, 398n9
New York Etching Club, 133, 185, 194, 258, 402n34, 417n111, 429n10, 439n49
New York Sketch Club, 41, 397n50
New York Water Color Club, 11, 26, 236, 254, 259, 264, 267, 272–73, 282, 291–93, 295–96, 298, 338, 341, 343, 346, 348, 362, 373, 394n1, 437nn8–9, 439n58
New York Water Color Society, 29–43, 45–46, 59, 78, 117, 394n1
Nichols, David, 120
Nichols, Maria Longworth, 176, 427n90
Nichols, Spencer B., 390
Nicholls, Rhoda Holmes, 23, 292–93, 295, 338, 390, 427n95, 446n22, 451n138, 451n140, 451n143, 457n32
Picking Wildflowers (c. 1900), 292–93, 293
Self–Portrait (1880), 292
Nicoll, James Craig, 83, 98, 241, 295, 390, 417n111
Northrop, Agnes, 22, 168–69, 268, 425n58
Design for Window for Sarah Cochran, Linden Hall, Dawson, Pennsylvania (c. 1913), 168
Norton, Charles Eliot, 56–57, 70, 73, 122, 220, 254, 270, 400n66, 406n15, 436n171
Nowottny, Vincent, 433n78
Oakley, Violet, 252, 280–81, 284, 286, 286–89, 340, 357, 401n71, 450n123, 451n144, 458n37
illustrations for The Story of Vashti (1902), 450n127
poster for the Plastic Club Special Exhibition (1902), 287
Study for “Divine Law” Mural at Harrisburg (c. 1917), 288, 288–89, 450n131
Ochtman, Leonard, 250, 390, 442n1
Ochtman, Mina, 390
O’Hara, Eliot, 336, 370, 372
oil painting, competition with watercolors, 41, 60, 62–63, 77–78, 86–90, 217–21, 398n26, 400n51, 404n84
’Keeffe, Georgia, 23, 27, 334, 343, 353, 353–56, 358–60, 360, 362, 366, 372–73, 460n82, 460n87
Evening Star, No. I (1917), 354
Evening Star, No. II (1917), 353–54, 354, 459n81, 460n86
Evening Star, No. VII (1917), 354–55, 355
Eight Coming on the Plains (1917), 354
Olson, Joseph, 390
opaque watercolor, 17, 86–88, 111–15, 117–21, 193, 202–3, 235, 277, 280, 339–40, 349, 364, 382, 405n1, 407n40, 408n43, 408n47, 412n92, 414n14, 465n42, 465n46
Ordway, Alfred, 78, 405n93
Ormond, Violet Sargent (Mrs. Francis) and Reine, 455n77
Osborne, George C., 379, 379–80, 385–87, 465nn32–37, 465n57, 466n67
O’Shea, John, 390
Paddock, Josephine, 460n100
Paletta [pseud.], 59–60, 70, 79, 401n1
Palmer, Fanny, 22, 38–39, 39, 162, 397nn45–46
The Mississippi in Time of Peace (1865), 39
The Mississippi in Time of War (1862), 39
Palmer, Walter Launt, 232, 247–48, 250–52, 254, 277, 304, 323, 391, 444nn29–248
Road to Olana (1888), 247
Palmié, Lillian, 168, 426n61
Panama–Pacific International Exposition (San Francisco, 1915), 254, 280, 286, 341, 449n98
Pan–American Exposition (Buffalo, NY, 1901), 260, 316–17, 452n3, 453n18
paper, types used for watercolor, 41–43, 86–87, 89, 96–99, 106–7, 112–13, 130, 193, 198–99, 202, 212, 360, 381–83, 404n87, 411n77, 413n104, 419n31, 419n33, 421n75, 431n54, 435n137
Paris, Walter, 416n59, 416n64 Parrish, Clara W., 391
Parrish, Maxfield, 254, 273, 278, 280–82, 284, 286, 301, 344, 357, 360–61, 364, 371, 449n101, 450nn107–8, 458n50
The Brazen Boatman (1907), 450n107
Old King Cole (Triptych) (1894), 281, 281–82, 450nn103–4
Sinbad Plots against the Giant (1907), 282, 450n107
Parsons, Alfred, 128–29, 2.30, 416n59, 417n84
Along the Shore of Silver Streaming Thames (1883), 230
Parsons, Charles, 30, 32–33, 35, 41, 43, 48, 56, 59–60, 81, 121, 126, 135, 388, 391, 394n19, 395n15, 397n29, 397n62, 398n24, 401n71, 407n23, 416n61, 416n66, 436n156
Old Macedonian, Wallabout Bay (1851) 33
Parton, Arthur, 391
Pascin, Jules, 461n100, 461n121
Pasini, Alberto, 426n64
Passini, Ludwig, 91, 408n58
patronage of watercolors, 18, 21, 23, 26–27, 78–79, 82–83, 105–8, 117, 146, 153, 157, 161, 166, 172, 177, 185, 196, 213, 215, 219–21, 231, 237, 240, 244, 257, 290, 300, 302, 308, 324, 334, 340, 360, 366, 371, 373, 392–93, 407n22, 407n26, 437n16, 437n19, 437n20, 439n58, 438n26, 438n27, 445n8, 446n18
Patterson, Charles R., 391
Pattison, J. W., 439n47
Pattison, Robert J., 70–71, 81, 403n54, 403n58
Mountain View (1862), 70–71, 71
Peale, James, Jr., 32
River Scene (1853), 399n42
Peale, Rembrandt, 39
Peale, Titian Ramsey, 30, 399n42, 465n57
Pearson, Charles, 442n1
Penfield, Edward, 273, 278, 391
Penley, Aaron Edwin, 48, 78
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (Philadelphia), 18, 30, 50, 83, 144, 146, 148, 151, 153, 189, 248, 259–60, 269, 277–78, 280–82, 284, 286–87, 303, 305, 343–44, 346, 357, 360, 363–64, 397n63, 399n42, 409n19, 420nn59–60, 421n77, 422n98, 426n65, 433n97, 444n51, 444n54, 446n17, 449nn92–93, 449n102, 450n127, 453n28, 461n114, 463n6
Pennsylvania Society of Miniature Painters (Philadelphia), 260, 446n14
Pepper, Charles H., 254, 261n114 Perkins, Granville, 121, 391
Perry, Enoch Wood, 84, 123–24, 135, 141, 147–48, 151, 153, 187, 224–25, 391, 406n13, 413n1, 421nn83–87, 89, 439n47
Anne Hathaway’s Kitchen (1875), 148, 421n84
The Fireside Stories (The Story of the Tiles)(c. 1873), 148
Hackling Flax (c. 1874), 148, 421n84
A Month’s Darning (1876), 147–48, 148, 151, 225, 421n86
The Old Story (1875), 148
Old TimesHackling Flax (1875), 421n84
Quilting (1871), 147
Spun Out (1877), 148, 422n89
Perry, Raymond K., 391
Peterson, Jane, 23, 338, 338–45, 348, 352–53, 363, 370, 391, 457n27
The Pier, Edgartown (c. 1915), 339, 339–40, 457n30
Peyton, Alfred C., 391
Peyton, Bertha Menzler, 391
Philadelphia and watercolor, 18, 33, 39–40, 45–46, 48–52, 56, 61, 83–84, 97–98, 144, 179, 219, 236, 248, 252, 259–60, 277, 280, 282, 286–87, 293, 303–5, 313, 317–18, 320, 338, 340–41, 343–48, 357, 362–65, 372–379–80, 384, 387, 397n63, 398n11, 399n29, 399n34, 399n42, 402n16, 409n19, 408n60, 420nn59–60, 422n98, 426n65, 430n34, 433n97, 444n51, 446n17, 453n28, 458n34, 463n6, 464nn30–31, 465n36
PHILADELPHIA ART CLUB. See Art Club of Philadelphia
Philadelphia Sketch Club, 51, 446n17
Philadelphia Society of Artists, 179, 259, 446n17
Philadelphia Water Color Club, 252, 260, 280, 282–87, 293, 313, 317, 320, 340–41, 343, 346, 348, 357, 362–64, 444n51, 447n14, 447n17, 446n24, 449n97, 450n122, 453n36, 461n113
Philipp, Jane Peterson. See Peterson, Jane
Phillips, Duncan, 338, 456n7
photography and watercolor, 16, 29, 31, 72, 91, 101, 226, 233, 239, 247, 254, 265–67, 269–70, 275, 282, 299, 303–5, 323, 333, 356, 364, 394n6, 397n53, 404n82, 412n90, 421n74, 434n104, 439n59, 441n97, 441n100, 444n31, 447n41, 448n77, 449n91, 452n19, 461n128
photomechaoical reproductioo aod watercolor, 36, 120, 128, 136, 146, 153, 251, 277–78, 344, 396n42, 407n23, 414n13, 414n2O, 417n1OO, 437n14, 463n155
Picabia, Francis, 350
Picasso, Pablo, 348–50, 358, 457n17
Les Demoiselles d Avignon (1907), 349
Pinwell, George John, 88, 122–23, 408n58, 414n30
The Great Lady (1873), 122, 414nn30–31
The Lovers (1869), 414n31
Pissarro, Camille, 250, 341, 426n64, 440n81
Plastic Club (Philadelphia), 287, 344, 446n17
Platt, Alethea Hill, 391
Platt, Charles A., 391, 442n114
Pleissner, Ogden, 336
Poggenbeck, George, 193
Pond, Arthur, 463n7, 464n29
Porter, Charles Ethan, 272, 344
Post, William M., 391, 442n1
Post–Impressionism, 13, 172, 231, 237, 297, 316, 335–37, 340–41, 344, 360, 363–64
Potthast, Edward, 296, 391, 452n8, 452n10, 451n144
Sketching on the Beach (1896), 297
Wood Interior (Silent Woods) (1895), 296
Prang, Louis, 22, 55–56, 73, 103–5, 157, 159–62, 166, 181, 225, 353, 385–87, 394n10, 400nn65–66, 404n78, 410n42, 416n75, 424nn28–38, 425n45, 427n95, 446n15, 466n75
Pranishnikoff, Ivan, 391
Prendergast, Charles, 434n104, 445n62
Prendergast, Maurice, 17, 19–20, 23, 27, 172, 250, 252, 260, 262, 271, 293, 295, 297–303, 305, 319, 321, 323, 336–38, 340–48, 360–61, 363, 367, 370, 372, 451n144, 452n17, 452n22, 453n28, 457n17
Bathers, New England (c. 1916–337
Dells Sketchbook (c. 1919–19, 20
Handkerchief Point (1896–298, 452n16, 452n20
In the Luxembourg Gardens (1907), 302–3, 303
Splash of Sunshine and Rain (Piazza San Marco, Venice) (1899)
St. Marks Square, Venice (The Clock Tower) (c. 1898-300-301, 301
The Stony Pasture (c. 1896–97), 298
Umbrellas in the Rain (1899), 300
West Church, Boston (c. 1900–1901), 302, 302–3, 453n24
Pre–Raphaelite Brotherhood (English), 45–48, 51, 53, 57, 122, 131–32, 156, 158, 160, 215, 289, 344
Pre–Raphaelites, American, 20, 34–35, 45, 51–56, 64, 68–74, 77–79, 86, 89, 92–97, 99, 112–13, 122, 166, 169, 398n3, 436n171
Price, Bruce, 259
Price, C. J. See C. J. Price & Co.
Price, Frederic Newlin, 371
printmaking and watercolor, 15–17, 20, 29–31, 33–34, 36, 38–40, 47, 49–50, 57, 64, 87, 101, 103, 105, 117–22, 128, 133, 135, 144, 153, 155, 159–63, 181, 185, 212, 215, 226, 244, 249, 251, 258, 278, 340, 345, 373, 395n4, 396n37, 397n45, 401n9, 401n68, 413n5, 414nn13–14, 414n16, 414n19, 414n22, 414n26, 416n75, 417n100, 417b111, 418n4, 424n31, 424n37, 425n41, 429n10, 431n49, 432n68, 449n97
Proctor, Alexander P., 391
Prout, John Skinner, 48
Prout, Samuel, 45, 93, no, 410n67
Pyle, Howard, 121, 127, 254, 273, 279–87, 289, 301, 336, 344, 353, 360–61, 371, 416n65, 416n73, 449n100
Pyne, James Baker, 49
Quartley, Arthur, 391, 416n59, 416n73, 427n85
Quinn, John, 338, 365, 458n53
Rand, John Goffe, 380, 465n40
Ranger, Henry Ward, 245–46, 250–52, 333, 391, 429n7, 443n23, 443n27
Lodge in the Woods (1891), 245
Rawson, Albert L., 390, 405n94
Raynolds, C. T. See F. W. Devoe and C. T. Raynolds Company Red Rose Girls, 286, 286–87, 293, 317, 338, 340
Reeves, William and Thomas, 378, 380, 385, 464nn26–28, 464n32
Rehn, Frank K. M. (artist), 391
Rehn, Frank K. M. (gallerist), 364, 367, 369–71, 459n55, 461n116
Reichard, Gustav. See Gustav Reichard & Co. gallery
Reinhart, Charles S., 81, 120–21, 151, 224, 391, 416n59, 416n65, 416n73, 416n81, 439n46, 438n38
Figaro (Spanish Barber) (1881), 439n46
Remington, Frederic, 17, 265, 273, 275–77, 286, 297
The Flag of Truce in the Indian War (1886), 277, 448n77
Renoir, Pierre–Auguste, 13, 138, 214, 440n81
Rettig, John, 296, 452n8
Reuterdahl, Henry, 391
Richards, T. A., 397n49
Richards, William Trost, 20, 25, 46, 50, 52–55, 69, 77, 87, 91, 93, 95, 96, 96–99, 101, 104–108, 110–112, 114–115, 117, 121–22, 140, 148, 155–58, 183, 188, 190–91, 203, 210, 221, 239–42, 244, 253, 260–62, 268, 271, 288, 391, 400n51, 409nn10–11, 409n19, 410n23, 410n29, 431n40
“Cycle of Universal Culture” (1882), 108, 240, 442n7
Ferns in a Glade (1859), 400n49
Fort Dumpling in Imitation of Turner (early 1880s), 409n18
A High Tide at Atlantic City (1873), 95
Lake Avernus (Lago Averno) (c. 1867–95, 409n7
Lake Squam from Red Hill (1874), 97, 99, 409n7
Moonlight on Mount Lafayette, New Hampshire (1873), 69
Mythical England, Stonehenge, 239–40, 240
Near Paradise, Newport (1877), 107
A Neglected Corner of the Wheatfield (1865), 423n19
The Old Fort, Conanicut Island (1874), 108
Old Ocean’s Gray and Melancholy Waste (1885), 445n55
Red Clover with Butter–and–Eggs and Ground Ivy (1860), 52, 96
A Rocky Coast (1877), 92, 106, 107, 108, 221, 411n61, 411n65, 431n40
A Sketch (c. 1877), 106
South–West Point, Conanicut (c. 1878), 411n77
Tulip Trees (1859), 400n49
Rico y Ortega, Martin, 90, 189, 430nn38–39
Ritschel, William F., 391
Robbins, Ellen, 16, 19, 23, 45, 55–56, 60, 82, 155, 161, 161–63, 175, 178, 236, 272, 400n65, 424n39, 425n41
Autumn Leaves (c. 1865–76, 400n65
Climbing White Roses a Plein Air (1888), 162–63, 163
designs for the “Browning Room,” Wellesley College (1880), 424n40
Sumach, from Autumnal Leaves (1868), 47, 400n64
Wildflowers (1875), 161–162, 162
Robbins, Horace Wolcott, Jr., 390, 413n1
Roberts, David, 48, 110, 398n24
Robinson, Alexander C., 391
Robinson, A. S., 399n44
Robinson, Theodore, 19, 172, 217, 224, 232–35, 237, 239, 252, 260, 262, 295, 304–5, 318, 323, 333, 364, 391, 441n92, 441n94, 441nn96–97, 441n100, 441n48
Boys Fishing (1881), 441n96
Decorative Head (1889), 233, 233–34
Girl in the Orchard (1889), 234, 441n101
In the Grove (1888/1892), 441n99
Lady in Red (1885), 441n95
La Vachere (Girl and Cow) (c. 1888), 233
A Normandy Mill (1892), 234
Two in a Boat (1891), 441n98
Under Green Apple Boughs (1880), 233
What the Daisy Says, 441n93
Robinson, William S., 281, 391, 449n102
Rockefeller, John D., 329–30
Rockwell, Norman, 286
Rodin, Auguste, 13, 27, 336, 350, 353, 361, 363, 461n113
Rogers, William Allen, 121, 129, 413n5, 415n50, 417n84, 448n68
Rondel, Frederick, 391
Rood, Ogden, 60, 172, 391, 459n76
Rookwood Pottery (Cincinnati), 176–77, 290, 430n35, 450n133, 452n8
Ross, Denman, 271, 400n60, 403n61, 457n16
Rossetti, Dante Gabriel, 46, 57, 118, 122, 169
Before the Battle (1858), 57
Dante Meeting Beatrice (1855), 57
Rossetti, William Michael, 46, 48
Roth, Ernest D., 391
Rousseau, Henri, 348, 459n63
Rousseau, Theodore, 198, 413n107, 443n20
Rowbotham, Thomas L., 30, 48
Royal Academy of Arts (London), 133, 263, 402n13, 407n22, 417n110, 437n14
Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours (London), 13, 76, 133, 223, 263, 417n109, 437n4, 446n24
Royal Porcelain Works (Worcester, England), 161, 424n37
Royal Water Colour Society (London), 133, 263
Rush, Olive, 342
Ruskin, John, 14, 20–21, 25, 33, 35, 45–57, 59–60, 64–65, 67–74, 77, 81, 86, 88–91, 93–99, 101–2, 105, 111–15, 121–22, 136, 156–59, 161–62, 177, 191, 214–15, 221, 241, 244, 254, 264, 270–71, 299, 301, 307, 318, 398n3, 399n39, 404n87, 410n32, 436n171
Elements of Drawing (1857), 45, 48, 51–53, 55, 97, 113–14, 400n63, 403n60
Fragment of the Alps (c. 1854–46, 48, 52, 399n47
Modern Painters (1843–45, 49, 51
Ruskinians. See Pre–Raphaelites, American
Russell, Charles Marion, 17, 275–77, 277, 279–80, 286, 338, 344–45, 446n16, 449n84, 449n86, 449n88
Christmas Dinner for the Men on the Trail (1905), 276, 276–77
The History of the West (c. 1925), 277
Indian Family with Travois (1897), 276
Russell, Morgan, 350–52
Ruxton, Augustus A., 398n22
Ryder, Albert Pinkham, 79, 215, 334, 405n93, 405n98, 428n4
Ryder, Chauncey F., 391
Saint–Gaudens, Augustus, 160, 263, 416n59
Salmagundi Sketch Club (New York), 120, 127–29, 133, 185, 200, 212, 226, 245, 258, 273, 296, 402n34, 416n68, 416n71, 429n10, 431n41, 432n68, 445n10, 446n12
Salon des Refuses (New York, 1882), 11–12, 26, 217–21, 257, 261, 290, 409n6, 437n4, 441n94, 447n42
Sandier, Alexander, 424n32
Sargent, Emily, 353, 431n49
Sargent, John Singer, 17, 19, 23, 26, 127, 152, 189, 191–93, 232–33, 252, 254, 257, 259–60, 263–65, 268–69, 275, 289, 295, 297, 318–24, 327, 32.5–31, 333–36, 339, 342–43, 353, 355, 357, 359, 363–64, 367–385, 431n56, 444n51, 446n15, 446n19, 455n86, 455n93, 456n7, 462n145, 466n60
The Bathers (1917), 323, 329, 329–30
Carnation, Lily, Lily, Rose (1885–319
Charles Herbert Woodbury (1921), 252
Edwin Austin Abbey (c. 1889), 120
Escutcheon of Charles V of Spain (1912), 322–23, 323, 330
Gondoliers’ Siesta (1902-320-21, 321, 455n88
Group (Siesta in a Swiss Wood) (c. 1904-324-25, 323
Group with Parasols (A Siesta) (1904–324, 324–25
Incensing the Veil (c. 1880), 192, 431nn48–49
Man Fishing (1914), 326, 456n102
Mountain Stream (1912–325
Muddy Alligators (1917), 323, 330–1, 331
Oyster Gatherers of Cancale (1878), 318, 431n46
Schreckhorn, Eismeer (1870), 319
Ships at Palma (Yachts at Anchor, Palma de Majorca) (probably 1908), 327
Simplon Pass: The Lesson (c. 1911), 318–19, 319, 323
Spanish Fountain (1912), 322, 322–23, 330
A Tent in the Rockies (1916), 328, 328–29
Venetian Canal (1902–320
A Venetian Trattoria (Venetian Interior) (c. 1902–320, 320–21, 382, 455n88
water–color brushes and paint tubes belonging to, 380, 384, 466n64
White Ships (c. 1908), 327
Young Woman in a Black Skirt (early 1880s), 152–53, 153, 191–92
Sargent, Mary Newbold Singer, 318, 455n76
Sarony, Napoleon, 391, 405n94, 416n59
Sartain, John, 39–40, 407n32
Satterlee, Walter, 391, 439n37
Schamberg, Morton Livingston, 350, 363–64, 444n51, 461n117
Schaus, William, 408n60, 411n45
Schille, Alice, 23, 338–41, 341, 342–46, 348, 352, 363, 366, 368, 391, 451n138, 449n98, 458n33, 458nn37–38
Bow Sprit (c. 1916–342, 458n40
Gay Spots of Color on the East Side (c. 1915), 341, 458n38
Ranchos de Taos, after a Rain (1919–343
Schilliog, Alexaoder, 391, 446n22
Schmitt, Albert F., 391
Schoeider, Arthur E., 391
Schoeider, Williaro G., 391
Schoooover, Fraok, 280
Schwartz, Aodrew T., 391
Scott, Eroily M., 272, 391, 451n135
Scott, Juliao A., 413n1
Scott, Williaro W., 391
Scott & Fowles Gallery (New York), 371
Scribner’s Magazine, illustratioos for, 21, 103–4, 117, 121, 128, 153, 164, 18 1, 189, 215, 224, 265, 279–80, 344, 414n13, 416n59, 416n65, 416n71, 424n32, 439n57, 44nn78
Sears, Sarah Choate, 23, 271–72, 299–300, 446n18, 451n144, 454n66
Romola (c. 1893), 394n17, 353n18
Sears, Taber, 391
Segaotioi, Giovaooi, 459n56
Seligroao, Gerroaio, 460n105
Seurat, Georges, 341, 449n92
Shaho, Ben, 348, 370
Shaw, Sidoey D., 391
Sheeler, Charles, 252, 280, 305, 350, 353, 363–65, 373, 444n51, 461n117
Tulips—Suspended Forms (1922), 364–65, 365, 461n121
Sheldoo, George, 32, 50, 104, 138, 201, 203, 211
Shelley, Percy Bysshe, 50
Sheltoo, George F., 391, 416n73, 442n1
Sheppard, Williaro Fudwell, 414n28
Sherwio–Williaros Coropaoy, 463n8
Sherwood, Rosioa Eroroet, 391, 425n51, 451n138, 454n66
Shiodler, Aotooio Zeoo, 399n42
Shioo, Earl, 85–87, 90, 107–9, 123–24, 132, 142, 146, 158, 174, 178, 185, 197, 199–200, 224, 408n57, 416n59, 420n53, 420n63
Shioo, Everett, 277, 344, 361, 368, 458n49
Shirlaw, Walter, 121, 127, 183, 197, 224, 391, 416n73, 428n4, 432n68, 432n77, 439n47, 446n22
Shugio, Hiroroichi, 416n64
Shurtleff, Roswell, M., 391
Sigoac, Paul, 13, 336, 341–42, 346, 459n56, 460n100
Silva, Fraocis Augustus, 79, 81–82, 98, 218–19, 391, 442n1
Siroooetti, Attilio, 90–91
Siroooi, 91
Sioclair, T. See T. Sioclair & Co.
Sisley, Alfred, 440n81
Skeldiog, Susie Barstow, 426n84
sketch aesthetic, 13, 19–20, 88–89, 12.8, 135–42, 152, 180, 185–89, 210–13, 221, 231, 309, 325, 334, 408n59, 408n51, 408n49, 418n11, 429n21, 430n32, 435n137. See also Impressionism
Sloao, John, 252, 277–78, 282, 305, 342–47, 363, 368, 449n91
Halloween Puzzle (1901), 278
Sloao, Mariaooa, 449n91
Sroedley, Williaro T., 391, 439n47, 442n114, 447n33
Smibert, John, 376, 463n7, 464n29
Smillie, George H., 64, 209, 241–42, 244, 391, 443n14, 443n25, 448n60
Coastal Scene, New York (1885), 241–42, 242
On the Massachusetts Coast (1884), 443n14
Smillie, Helen (Nellie) Sheldoo Jacobs, 292, 451nn135–36, 391 451n138
Smillie, James D., 59, 6r, 64–65, 68, 77, 79, 85, 91, 93, 96, 108, 112–13, 117, 125, 133, 209, 391, 402nn34–35, 405n7, 406nn13–14, 407n32, 409n3, 416n73, 421n46, 421n75, 443n25
On the Ausable (1869), 64–65, 65
Smith, Daniel B., 379, 386, 464n30, 465n36
Smith, F. Hopkiosoo, 23, 84, 107, 179, 189, 209, 217–19, 257, 261, 292, 295–97, 319, 338–39, 356, 358, 391, 406n8, 416n59, 416n64, 417n105, 423n3, 427n103, 437n18, 440n61, 444n41, 444n51, 446n13, 446n23, 447n28, 452n3, 452n6, 454n66, 456n10
Summer Afternoon, Inn of William the Conqueror (c. 1905), 295–96, 296, 452n4, 452n6
Under the Towers (1882), 217, 218, 218–19, 221, 239, 437n6
Smith, Fraok Hill, 431n56
Smith, George W. V., 113
Smith, Heory P., 391
Smith, Jessie Willcox, 23, 251, 280, 282–85, 286, 286–87, 293, 340–41, 345, 357, 360–61, 371, 449n97, 450n116, 451n144
The Bed–Time Book (1907), 283
The Book of the Child (1903), 283
A Child’s Book of Old Verses (1910), 283, 283–84, 450n112
A Child’s Garden of Verses (1905), 283
“Oh, don’t hurt me!” cried Tom.” I only want to look at you; you are so handsome” (c. 1916), 284
The Seven Ages of Childhood (1909), 283, 450n109, 450n119
Smith, Joseph Fiodoo, 270
Smith, Pamela Colmao, 353
Smith, Russell, 399n44
Soedicor, Joho, 406n12
Soell, Floreoce Fraocis, 391, 457n27
Soell, Heory B., 250, 250–52, 295, 338, 391, 446n22, 454n66, 458n37
Societe d’aquarellistes français (Paris), 90, 213, 422n103, 426n64, 429n8, 446n14, 455n79
Society for the Promotioo of Paiotiog io Water Colors. See New York Water Color Society (New York)
Society of Americao Artists (New York), 12, 84, 127–29, 183–85, 192, 194, 196–97, 210–12, 224, 234, 248, 258, 261, 318, 411n52, 424n26, 424n33, 428n3, 432n68, 433n197, 436n161, 439n49, 441n100, 443n20, 443n23, 444n50, 446n15, 447n27, 451n135
Society of Decorative Art (New York), 163–65, 177, 179, 181, 185, 257, 289–90, 423n25, 424n32, 425n48, 427n103, 428n104, 437n18, 444n41, 445n1
Society of Paioters io Pastel (New York), 258, 441n90, 441n103, 442n112, 443n30, 446n11, 451n137
Sommer, William, 370, 462n124
Sooo, Albert H., 391
Soootag, William F., Jr., 391
Soootag, William Louis H., 391, 442n1
Sorolla y Bastida, Joaquin, 339, 453n31
Spaoish–Italiao watercolor traditioo, 13, 89–91, 106, 150–53, 183, 186, 189, 192, 197, 212, 318, 394n4, 408n61, 422n98, 426n64, 431n52
staioed–glass desigo aod watercolor, 21, 111, 155, 166–75, 224–25, 254, 259, 287, 444n41
Staofield, Clarksoo, 48–49, 51, 401n67
Starkweather, William E. B., 391
St. Botolph Club (Bostoo), 235, 252, 260, 271, 311, 319, 338, 446n19
Steicheo, Edward, 357
Steio, Gertrude aod Leo, 338, 341, 348
Steioleo, Théophile Alexaodre, 278, 449n92
Stella, Joseph, 352, 356, 370, 373; Abstraction, Mardi Gras (1914–352
Stepheos, Alice Barber, 153
Sterner, Albert E., 391, 446n22, 454n66
Sterner, Marie, 271, 462n130
Steveos, Alfred, 140, 406n12
Steveosoo, Robert Louis, 283
Stewart, Alexaoder T., 408n60, 432n60
Stewart, W. H., 408n55, 408n60
Stewart, W. T., 48
Stieglitz, Alfred, 27, 334, 348, 350, 352–53, 355–57, 359–60, 362, 364–65, 371, 457n17
Georgia O’Keeffe (1918), 373
Stiepevich, Vioceot G., 403n58
Stillmao, Marie Spartali, 122, 404n66, 415n37
Self–Portrait (On a Balcony) (1874), 123, 415n37
Stillmao, William James, 48, 122, 398n8
Stone, Mary L., 451n35
Strahao, Edward [pseud.]. See Shioo, Earl
Straod, Paul, 334, 362, 460n105, 463n139
John Marin, New Mexico (1930), 26
Sturgis, Russell, 55, 96, 220, 409n14, 429n20, 446n12
Sykes, Aooie G., 448n64
Symiogtoo, James, 77, 141, 151, 391, 423n3, 439n47
Syochromism, 350–53, 373, 459n76
Tanner, Heory Ossawa, 448n66, 458n46
Tapiró y Baró, Josep, 90, 426n64
Taylor, Bayard, 59, 391, 437n20
Teooysoo, Alfred (Lord), 118, 185
Teoth Street Studio Buildiog (New York), 125, 180–81, 421n83, 436n158
textile desigo aod watercolor, 21, 31, 39, 155, 163–65, 289, 400n64, 425n53, 459n79, 461n29
Thaxter, Celia, 162, 236, 335, 425n41, 426n84; An Island Garden (1892), 442n116
Thayer, Abbott H., 15–16, 16, 20, 394n7, 394n10
Cotton–Tail Rabbit among Dry Grasses and Leaves (1904), 15, 394n7, 394n9
Thayer, Emma Beach, 15–16, 16, 22, 394n7
Cotton–Tail Rabbit among Dry Grasses and Leaves (1904), 15, 394n7, 394n9
Thayer, Emma Homao, 394n7
Thayer, Gerald H., 15–16, 16, 394n7
Cotton–Tail Rabbit among Dry Grasses and Leaves (1904), 15, 394n7, 394n9
Thom, J. C., 401n71
Thrash, Dox, 370, 462n146
Thulstrup, Thure de, 151, 391, 439n47
Thwaites, William H., 388, 391, 401n71, 405n94
Tiffaoy, Louis Comfort, 21–22, 83, 86–88, 107–8, no, 110, 111, 111–12, 136–37, 155–56, 163, 165–70, 175, 177, 180–82, 185, 193, 203, 215, 219, 259, 268, 289, 299, 339, 352, 391, 412n102, 412n83, 428nn105–6, 428n111, 444n41
Algerian Shops (1872–110, 110–11, 268
The Burning Last (c. 1873–74), 111
The Cobblers of Boufarik (c. 1878), 180
Madisoo Square Theater drop curtaio by (1880), 164
The Old and New Mosques Ali Hassimin and Sultan El Carmel (1873), 111
Street Scene in Cairo (c. 1872), 110–11
Tiffaoy & Compaoy (or Tiffaoy Studios, New York), 164, 164–70, 177, 289, 425n53, 447n47
Dandelion Plant 97, by A. C. Gouvy (c. 1902), 168–69, 169
Design for a Triple Lancet Window, by Frederick Wilsoo (late oioe–teeoth–early tweotieth ceotury), 167, 167–68
Design for Window for Sarah Cochran, Linden Hall, Dawson, Pennsylvania, by Agoes Northrop (c. 1913), 168
Iris Corsage Ornament (c. 1900), 166
Portiere (c. 1883), 164, 164–65, 170
Tile Club (New York), 23–24, 84, 125–27, 129, 155–56, 175, 181, 185, 189, 191, 193–94, 196, 201, 214, 224, 262–63, 286, 296, 416nn58–59, 416n64
Tillioghast, Mary Elizabeth, 426n66
Tissot, James, 140
Tofaoo, Edoardo, 432n73
Tooalism, 101, 113, 210, 234, 239, 244–48, 250–55, 442n1
Toulmouche, Auguste, 140
Why Don’t He Come, (c. 1874), 419n45
Toulouse–Lautrec, Heori de, 278, 360–61
Towoe, Rosalba M., 45, 398n6
Studies of Wildflowers and Shrubs: Drawn and Colored from Nature, 1859–90 (c. 1890), 45
Townsend, Caroline, 165
Lotus–Flower Design (c. 1885), 165
Treadwell, Prentice, 233
Triscott, Samuel P. R., 98, 241, 4i0n27, 427n95, 446n22
Trumble, Alfred, 417n87
Tryon, Dwight W., 391, 429n7, 442n1, 442n113
Tschudy, Herbert B., 370, 462n147
T. Sinclair & Co. (Philadelphia), 424n32
T Square Club (Philadelphia), 259
Tuck, Samuel, 379, 464n29
Tuckerman, Stephen S., 400n64
Tudor–Hart, Percyval, 350
Turner, Alfred M., 391
Turner, Charles Y., 391, 439n47
Turner, Helen, 458n34
Turner, Joseph Mallord William, 20, 25, 33, 36, 45, 47–57, 86, 89, 91, 93, 95–97, 99, 101–2, 104–5, 108, 111–15, 190, 210, 239–40, 244, 249, 264, 360, 399n33, 399n35, 399n38, 400n56, 436n150
Coast Scene (date unknown), 61
Turner, Ross S., 234–35, 252, 292, 295, 391, 441n106, 441n108 442n114, 444n53, 446nn18–19, 446n22, 454n66
Tuthill, Sarah, 425n42
Twachtman, John, 191, 194, 196–97, 226, 232, 234, 236–37, 252, 262, 271, 295, 305, 416n59, 432n77, 444n48, 446n11, 446n22
Twachtman, Mattie, 451n136
Twain, Mark, 181
Uccello, Paolo, Battle of San Romano (1440), 350
Ulreich, Edward Buk, 372
Union League Club (New York), 82, 169, 220, 311, 406n13, 420n6o
Valentine & Company (Boston), 464n29
Valkenburgh, Henrik, 431n52
Van Beest, A., 401n71
Van Boskerck, R. W., 442n1
Vanderbilt, Alice Gwynne, 170, 426n64
Vanderbilt, Cornelius, 164, 169–70, 289, 447n47
Vanderbilt, William K., 219, 436n166
Vanderlyn, John, 35
Van Gogh, Vincent, 371, 414n23, 447n31
Van Ingen, Henry, 391
Van Laer, Alexander T., 391
Van Rensselaer, Mariana Griswold, 129, 133, 139, 196, 200, 208, 212, 224, 230
Vedder, Elihu, 118, 160, 166, 416n59
Velazquez, Diego, 197, 438n35
Very, Jones, 400n64
Vibert, Jehan Georges, 90, 192, 213, 408n58, 419n36, 419n45, 422n103, 426n64, 436n166
The First Babe (1872), 213, 436n166
Vierge, Daniel, 128, 189, 430n38
Villegas y Cordero, Jose, 90–91, 148, 152, 406n12, 426n64
Moorish Bazaar (c. 1875), 152
Volkert, Edward C., 391
Volkmar, Charles, 176, 427n88, 446n11
Vuillard, Jean–Edouard, 297, 343
Wadsworth, Howland & Company (Boston), 386
Walker, Frederick, 122, 131
Walker, Horatio, 245, 251, 391, 442n114, 443n23, 446n22
Walkowitz, Abraham, 348, 353, 461n121, 460n100
Wall, William Allen, 36, 48, 59, 401n4
Wall, William Guy, 30
Hudson River Port Folio (1821–34
Wallace, Rufus, 308, 310
Wallin, Samuel, Jr., 388
Walter, Martha, 338, 342, 458n34
Walters, Henry, 166, 4o8n6o
Walters, William T., 18, 35 52–53, 161, 395n19, 398n27
Walton, William, 439n47
Wandesforde, James B., 30, 388
Ward, Charles C., 391
Ward, Herbert, 452n6
Waring, Laura Wheeler, 23, 343
Heirlooms (c. 1916), 343, 458n44
Waring & Dimes (London), 379, 466n63
Warner, Everett L., 391
Warren, Edmund George, 48
Warren, George W., Jr., 391
Warren, Harold B., 254, 270
watercolor exhibitions and sales pre–1866, 18–19, 29, 31, 33–35, 46–49, 51–52, 398n9, 398n22. See also American Watercolor Society
Waterman, Marcus, 391
Watson, Joshua Rowley (Captain), 17, 23, 41, 397n52
The Lower Bridge on Schuylkill at Gray’s Ferry (1816), 17
Weaver, C. M., 439n47
Weber, Frederick, 384. See also Janentzky & Weber
Weber, Max, 27, 348, 348–50, 353, 363, 373, 457n17, 461n11, 462n149
Abstraction (1917), 349
Avoirdupois (1915), 459n69
Nude Woman in Landscape (1910), 349
Summer (1909), 459n63
Three Nudes in a Forest (1910), 459n63
Weber, Paul, 409n10, 409n18
Wedding, The (unknown artist, c. 1805-22-23, 23
Weeks, Edwin Lord, 110, 193, 412n81
Weir, Julian Alden, 183–84, 193–97, 224, 231, 231–32, 2–252, 262, 273, 305, 333, 335, 357, 363, 370, 391, 416n59, 424n32, 424n34, 428n3, 433n89, 432nn60–63, 432nn65–66, 432n75, 438n33, 440n61, 440n84, 441n89, 441n92, 441n94, 442n114, 445n22, 446n11, 460n100
Anna and Caro in the Twelfth Street House (1887), 232
Port Jefferson (Harbor Scene) (1881), 194, 231, 241
Roses (1886), 195, 195–96, 231
Sunday Morning (c. 1883–231
The Tulip Tree, Branchville, 232
The Wounded Dog (1885), 232
Weir, Robert W., 59, 391, 401n7, 407n71, 432n61
Weldon, Charles Dater, 121, 151, 391, 424n34, 439n47
The Designing–Room (1884), 164, 169, 425n50
The Hanging Committee’s Little Contribution (1882), 219
Wells, Carolyn, 450n109
Wells, Lewis J. B., 379–80, 464n30
Wengler, John B., 395n11
Whatman paper (England), 383, 385
Wheeler, Candace, 155, 163–65, 169, 175–77, 289–90, 425n47, 53, 426n66, 450n132, 460n079
Portiere (c. 1883), 165
Wheeler, Dora, 197, 259, 424n32, 424n34, 425n51, 425n60, 432n72
Whistler, James McNeill, 13, 25, 81, 89, 99, 121, 126–27, 136, 158, 175–76, 180–81, 183–84, 189–94, 197–200, 213–15, 231, 233, 235, 237, 244, 248–50, 253, 288, 297–98, 318, 341–42, 345, 356–57, 371, 407n36, 417n96, 421n74, 428n114, 429n7, 430n35, 430n38, 431nn40–42, 431n45, 432n61, 43n91 436n174, 438n33, 444n33, 444n38, 444n42, 452n12
Arrangement in Gray and Black, No. 1: Portrait of the Artist’s Mother (1871), 248
Arrangement in White and Yellow (1883), 248
Early Morning, Battersea (1878), 190, 190–91
Green and Silver—The Three Clouds (1888), 248, 248–49
Nocturne: Amsterdam in Winter (probably 1882), 250
Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket (1872–191, 215, 248
Peacock Room (1876–175, 180, 215
Purple and Rose: The Lange Leizen of the Six Marks (1864), 175–76, 176
The Shop—An Exterior (1883–249
Sketch of a Lady (c. 1874), 81, 431n41
Variations in Violet and Grey—Market Place, Dieppe (Blue and Violet—The MarketDieppe) (1885), 249
Village Shop, Chelsea (1883–249
White, Stanford, 160, 263, 416n59, 424n32
Whitney, Elias J., 388
Whitney, George, 98, 106–7, 220, 39U 399n42, 410n23; 442n2
Whittaker, J. B., 439n47
Whittemore, William J., 391
Whittredge, Effie, 451n136
Whittredge, Olive, 451n136
Whittredge, Worthington, 427n103
Whorf, John, 336
Wiggins, J. Carleton, 391, 442n1, 448n76
Wight, Peter Bonnett, 55, 70, 155, 257, 428n107
National Academy of Design: Elevation of the Proposed Stenciling for the Central Stairwell (1868), 156
Wiles, Irving Ramsey, 217, 273–75, 277, 282, 286, 333, 391, 441n89, 442n114, 448n70, 448n75, 448n76
The Green Cushion (c. 1895), 2.73–74, 274
Miss Julia Marlowe (1901), 275
Wiles, Lemuel M., 273, 413n1
Wiles, Rachel Ramsey, 273, 448n70
Wilkie, David, 48
Williams, Helen Munson, 23
Williams, John S., 391
Williams, William Carlos, 461n121
Williams & Everett Gallery (Boston), 234, 259
Williams & Stevens Gallery (Philadelphia), 399n29
Willis, William H., 391
Wilson, Frederick, 166–69, 268, 415n59
Design for a Triple Lancet Window (late nineteenth–early twentieth century), 167, 167–68, 415n57
Wilstach, William P., 5.1, 399n34, 399n44
Wimbridge, Edward, 416n59, 416n64
Winsor & Newton (London), 379–80, 382–85, 387, 395n12, 402n35, 407n40, 408n43, 464n28, 465n42, 465n46, 466n61, 466n63, 466n66
Wint, Peter de,