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Description: William Hunter and the Anatomy of the Modern Museum
Index
PublisherYale Center for British Art
Index
NOTE: Unless otherwise noted, “Hunter” used alone refers to William Hunter; “Rymsdyk” refers to Jan van Rymsdyk; The Gravid Uterus refers to William Hunter’s Anatomia uteri humani gravidi tabulis illustrata / The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus Exhibited in Figures
A
Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture, 277n6, 281, 315
accoucheurs, 112–13, 196–97, 199, 203, 221, 239. See also Hunter, William, as accoucheur
Adam, Robert (1728–1792), 206, 276
Ruins of the Palace of Diocletian, 19
Adams, John (1735–1826), 335
Adams, Joseph, 95, 97–98
biography of John Hunter, 95, 97
Ahiqar (Hayqār), 300
Akenside, Mark (1721–1770), 76, 85
Albani, Alessandro, Cardinal (1692–1779), 314
Albany, John Stewart, 2nd Duke of (c. 1482–1536), 324
Alberti, Leon Battista (1404–1472): Della pittura, 313
Albinus, Bernhard Siegfried (1697–1770), 29, 56, 186
and Hunter, 17, 57, 186, 229, 288
Tabulae sceleti et musculorum corporis humani (with Jan Wandelaar), 56–57, 186
Tabulae VII uteri mulieris gravidae cum jam parturiret mortuae, 124n18
Alchorne, Stanesby: “An Examination of Various Ores in the Museum of Dr. William Hunter” (with George Fordyce), 403
Aldine press, Venice, 299
edition of Hippocrates, 77
editions owned by Hunter, 96–97, 289, 299
Hypnerotomachia Poliphili, 289
Alembert, Jean le Rond d’ (1717–1783): Encyclopédie, ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers (with Denis Diderot), 18, 28, 162–64, 167, 170, 310–11
—— “Essai d’un distribution généalogique des sciences et des art principaux” (Chrétien Frédéric Guillaume Roth), 171, 171
Alexander the Great (356–323 BCE), 103–4, 324
Aliamet, François-Germain (1734–1790), engravings for The Gravid Uterus: plate XV, detail, fig. V (after Rymsdyk), 117, 118
plate XXI, first-state proof before letters for (after Alexander Cozens), 265
plate XXI, proof after letters for (after Alexander Cozens), 265
plate XXVI, detail, fig. IV (after Rymsdyk), 119, 120
Almack, Elizabeth. See Pitcairn
Almack, Elizabeth (née Cullen), 46n9
Almack, William (d. 1781), 46n9, 189
Alströmer, Johan (1742–1788), 139
Alutiiq people, Alaska, 350–51
leister head, 351
model kayak (baidarka), 350
Ames, Joseph (1687–1759), 297
Anatomia uteri humani gravidi tabulis illustrata / The Anatomy of the Human Gravid Uterus Exhibited in Figures (Hunter). See Gravid Uterus, The (book)
anatomical preparations, dry and wet, 55, 56, 57, 116–117, 119, 216, 218, 228, 240, 247, 249
anatomical preparations, in Hunter collection, 56, 70n38, 127, 139, 159, 228
of animals, 228–29
cast in plaster of Paris, 116–17, 119, 125n35, 128, 137, 248–50
drawings after, 116–18, 234
duplicates distributed, 128, 140n7
in Hunter’s wills, 31, 73, 192
in Museum of Anatomy, University of Glasgow, 168, 228
organization and cataloguing of, 168–69, 175n42, 228, 230
—— Catalogue of Anatomical Preparations (unknown scribe, with notes by Hunter), 169, 169, 175nn 42 and 54, 228, 230, 244
—— Trustee Catalogue of the Anatomical Preparations, 175n42, 230
and pathology, study of, 229
preserved in spirits (wet), 34, 116–17, 119, 168–69, 228, 231, 233, 236
production of, 33, 116–18, 134, 228, 236, 240
and vascular injection, 116, 119, 121–22, 128, 229, 231–32, 234, 236–37, 244, 247. See also bones; calculi; eyes; gall-stones; intestines; kidneys; placentae; placentulae; teeth; testicles; and also under Boitard, François; Douglas, James; Gravid Uterus, The, research and preparations for
anatomy school and building, Great Windmill Street, London, 19, 31–32, 32, 39, 74, 128, 135–36, 160, 189, 196, 227, 364, 398
after Hunter’s death, 21, 28–29, 31, 46n12, 180–81, 198, 203
anatomy theatre, 19, 46n12, 160, 187, 249
design for (Robert Mylne), 19, 32, 46n12, 127, 161, 189, 189, 277, 398
dissections at, 74, 127, 150, 196, 200
domestic quarters, 32, 160, 179, 195, 279, 291
library in, 32, 39, 77, 93, 127, 160–61, 189, 211, 274–75, 398
—— catalogues of, 95, 289, 291
—— shelves of, 93, 291
purchase of, 39, 160, 189, 274
students at, 20, 75, 85, 127, 197, 200
teaching in, 19, 136, 138, 228, 276. See also museum of William Hunter
Anderson, John (1726–1796), 17–18, 30, 33, 180
on bequest of Hunter’s books, 21, 99
collection of, 41, 47n51
memorandum regarding the establishment of a museum at the University of Glasgow, 39–42, 99, 188
note to Hunter, discussing bequests to the University of Glasgow, 40–41, 47n49
Anderson, Robert, 162
Angillis, Pierre (or Pieter) (1685–1734), 59
Apelles (active c. 332 BCE): “Anadyomene”, 320
Apocalypse (unknown author), 295
Arderne, John (1307/8–c. 1377), 292
Speculum phlebotomiae and Practica chirurgiae, 288, 292–93
Aristotle (384–322 BCE), 103–4, 106, 300
Ars moriendi (unknown author), 305
trans. William Caxton, 305
artefacts from the Pacific, Hunter collection of, 39, 143–56, 161, 336–37
called “curiosities”, 145
from David Samwell, 152–54, 350
from James Bruce’s travels, 20
from John Fothergill, 147–49, 153
from the Forsters, 149–50
from Stanfield Parkinson, 147–48, 153
in Hunter’s wills, 31, 73, 192
in the Hunterian Museum, 44, 153
in Laskey’s account of the Hunterian Museum, 153–56
market for, 145–46, 153. See also Pacific North-west Coast; South Seas artefacts
Arundel, Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of (1586–1646), 78
Aselli, Gaspare (1581–1625), 228
Askew, Anthony (1722–1774), sale of library, 78, 289, 295–96, 305
Augustus (d. 14 CE), Emperor of Rome, 324, 326
Austin, William (1721/1733–1820): Nature Display’d Both Serious and Comic in 12 Designs, 227
The Anatomist Overtaken by the Watch … Carrying off Miss W—in a Hamper, 227
B
Bacon, Francis (1561–1626), 170
Novum organum, 171
Bacon, John (1740–1799), 202
Baillie, Agnes (1760–1861), 18
Baillie, Dorothea (née Hunter) (1727–1806), 18, 180, 185–86
Dorothea Hunter, Mrs James Baillie (Robert Edge Pine), 18, 180,185, 276, 277n3
in Hunter’s Scottish will, 192
living with Hunter, 18, 180, 185
marriage to Rev James Baillie, 18, 186
Baillie, Reverend James (c. 1723–1778), 18, 20, 180, 185–86
Reverend James Baillie (Robert Edge Pine), 18, 180, 185, 276, 277n3
Baillie, Joanna (1762–1851), 19, 180
Baillie, Matthew (1761–1823), 19, 21, 29–30, 180, 184, 197–98
heir to Hunter’s estate, 29, 186, 192, 197, 205
at Hunter’s anatomy school, 29, 198, 203
trustee of Hunter’s Scottish will, 42, 155, 192, 230, 355, 357
trustee of John Hunter’s bequest, 30, 168, 197
Baillie, Sophia, 205
Baillou, Jean de (1679–1758), 164, 165
Baily, Edward Hodges (1788–1867): bust of Thomas Campbell, 44, 44
Baker, Sir George, 184
Baker, Henry (1698–1774): Employment for the Microscope, 78, 88n23
Banks, Sir Joseph (1743–1820), 145, 153, 358, 377
insect collection, 382–84, 389, 393–94, 396
natural history collection, 131, 135, 397
and Stanfield Parkinson, 147, 149
voyage in the Endeavour, 19, 144–45, 147, 155, 367, 382, 393;
—— collections from, 144–45, 354
Barclay, Robert, 180
trustee of Hunter’s Scottish will, 42, 192
Baron, Bernard (1696–1762), 59, 66
Dr Richard Mead (after Allan Ramsay), 317
drawings for James Douglas’s “Osteologia” (possibly), 63–65
—— bones of the foot, 63
—— bones of the shoulder (probably), 65, 65
The Story of Ulysses (after Rubens), 65, 71n72
Barry, James (1741–1806), 89n46, 276, 320
The Birth of Venus, 20, 276, 320
Hunter, portrait of, 21, 183
Bartolozzi, Francesco (1728–1815), 319
Royal Academy diploma (after Giovanni Battista Cipriani), 204
Bartram, William (1739–1823), 393
Basire, James (1730–1802), 361
“Nyl-ghau” (after George Stubbs), 172, 173, 210, 361
Baskerville, John (1706–1775): printing of The Gravid Uterus, 96, 115, 119, 248, 250, 289
Baskerville press, Birmingham, 96, 289
collected works of Virgil, 289
Bateson, Donal, 170
Bayer, Theophilus Siegfried (1694–1738), 107n5, 299, 320
Chinese collection of, acquired by Hunter, 92, 289, 298, 320
Globus Coelestis Sinicus Explicatus, 162–63, 162
Museum Sinicum, 298
Beaglehole, J. C., 152
Beauchamp, Viscount. See Hertford, Francis Seymour-Conway
Becket, Thomas (1120?–1170), 292
Bell, Andrew (1726–1809): Encyclopaedia Britannica (1st ed.), plates for, 163, 163, 311
Ben Gesla. See Ibn Jazla, Abū ‘Alī Yahyā Ibn ‘Isā
Bergman, Torbern (1735–1784), 399
Berkowitz, Carin, 110, 138
Besançon, Jacques de (active 1478–1500): illuminations for Ludolf of Saxony’s Vita Christi, 294, 295
Beveridge, Anne Dulau, 65–66, 160
Bidloo, Govard (1649–1713), 186, 215
Birch, Thomas (1705–1766), 66, 76
Heads, 278
birds, in Hunter collection, 354
horned screamer (unknown taxidermist), 357
in Hunter’s wills, 31, 73, 192
in John Laskey’s catalogue of the Hunterian Museum, 153, 157
stuffed, deterioration of, 355–57
Birnie, Frederick (active 1777–1792), 20–21, 184, 234
watercolours of a springbuck, 364
Black, Joseph (1728–1799), 34, 39, 188, 400n15
Black, Peter, 166
Blackburne, Anna (1726–1793), 154
Blackwood sales: (1750), 17
(1756), 18, 275
Blagden, Charles (1748–1820), 359
Bligh, Captain William (1754–1817), voyages of, 143, 147, 154
Boerhaave, Herman (1668–1738), 37–38, 57, 85–86, 186
folio edition of Vesalius’s Fabrica, 88n36
Bogle, John (c. 1746–1803): Hunter, portrait of, 183
Boitard, François (c. 1670–c. 1715), 217
bones of the spine, ribs, vertebrae, sacrum, and coccyx (drawings and etching), 63, 64
copulating frogs (attrib.) (drawing), 59, 59, 61
Human Pelvic Bone, 63, 210, 217
illustrations for James Douglas, 58–61
illustrations for James Douglas’s “Osteologia universalis”, 63, 217
—— bones of the sacrum and coccyx, notes attached by Douglas and Hunter, 63, 65
male land tortoise from Jamaica (drawing), 61
scapula bones (with James Douglas) (etching proof), 63, 64
A Skeleton in Profile as Death or Time, 66, 66
skeleton of a frog (drawing), 58–59, 59
Boitard, Louis-Philippe (1712–1758), 59, 217
bones: badly united fracture of the tibia and fibula at the junction of the lower and middle thirds (James Douglas), 49, 210, 218, 219, 228
cancellous end of a long bone (Hunter and assistants), 243
curved spine fragment, 19
deformed female pelvises, casts of, 136–37
diseased, 229, 243
fracture at the middle of the radius united with ankylosis to the ulna (James Douglas), 49, 210, 218, 219, 228
and Hunter collections, 55, 63, 171, 175n54, 228–29, 243
severe lateral curvature of the spine (Hunter and assistants), 242–43. See also under Boitard, François; Douglas, James
Bosse, Abraham (1602–1676), 315
Boswell, James (1740–1795), 174n18
Bovier de Fontenelle, Bernard le (d. 1757), 277
Boydell, John (1720–1804), 319
Boyle, Robert (1627–1691), 53
Brahe, Tycho (1546–1601), 308
Brander, Gustavus (1719/20–1787), 305
British Lying-In Hospital, London, 196
Hunter as Surgeon Accoucheur, 17, 73, 197
British Museum, 39
admission ticket, 130
bequests to, 42, 286
establishment of, 18, 27–28, 76, 130, 161, 170–71
free admittance to, 45, 130
holdings of, 20, 32, 130, 133, 377
Keeper of Antiquities, 46n10
purchase of vases by, 20
South Seas artefacts in, 20, 146, 154–55. See also Sloane
Broadie, Alexander, 34–35, 336
Brock, C. Helen, 54, 58, 63–65, 74–75, 168, 179, 355
Broussonet, Pierre-Marie-Auguste (1761–1807), 382
Brown, William (1748–1825): Hunter, portrait of, 183
Bruce, James (1730–1794), 20
Bruggen, Jan van der (c. 1648–1714): Hodie Mihi, Cras Tibi (perhaps after Aegidius Sadeler), 53, 53
Bryant, Jacob (1715–1804), 96
letter to Hunter, 3 October 1780, 299
Bucholz, Wilhelm Heinrich Sebastian (1734–1798), 138
Buffon, Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de (1707–1788), 171, 365, 407
encyclopaedia of natural history, 407
Bundock, N.: head and tongue of the flamingo (Michael van der Gucht after), 61, 70n60
Burch, Edward (1730–1814): William Hunter, 20, 74, 74, 87n2
Burke, Edmund (1730–1797), 18
Burlington, Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of (1694–1753), 76
Bute, John Stuart, 3rd Earl of (1713–1792), 17, 19, 287
letter from George III, 12 August 1762, 197, 203
as prime minister, 19, 75, 178
Byngazlawas. See Ibn Jazla, Abū ‘Alī Yahyā Ibn ‘Isā
Byron, John (1723–1786), 143, 146, 150, 154
C
Calcar, Jan Stephan van (c. 1499–1546): illustrations for Vesalius’s Fabrica, 213
calculi, 171, 232–33, 376
Calculi (with notes by Hunter), 228, 232–33
Cambiaso, Luca (1527–1585): Combat with Lions (James Deacon after), 318–19
Campbell, Thomas (1777–1844), 44–45
bust of (Edward Hodges Baily), 44, 44
—— displayed in the Hunterian Museum (photograph), 45
Pleasures of Hope, 44
Camper, Petrus (1722–1789), 124n19, 140n14
and Hunter, 17–18, 129, 133–34
Pieter Camper (Johann Heinrich Tischbein), 134
publication on the rhinoceros, 134, 366
skull of a rhinoceros (engraving), 134, 135
two-horned rhinoceros, left profile (engraving), 134, 366
Canot, Pierre-Charles (1710–1777): engravings for The Gravid Uterus, 115
Carlini, Agostino (1718–1790): Smugglerius (bronze écorché), 20
Carlyle, Margaret, 137
Carmichael, Gershom (1672–1729), 33
Caroline, Princess of Wales, queen consort of George II (1683–1737), 70n63
James Douglas as Physician Extraordinary to, 49, 51, 70n63
Richard Mead as physician to, 76, 84
Carpi, Jacopo Berengario da (1460–1530), 124n12
Commentaria cum amplissimis additionibus super Anatomia Mundini, 112
—— anatomy of the uterus, 112
Carracci, Agostino (1557–1602), 275
Carracci, Annibale (1560–1609), 275
Casali, Andrea (1705–1784), 276
Danaë and the Golden Shower, 19, 277n3
Head of a Woman, 277n3
catalogues of Hunter collections: Catalogue of Anatomical Preparations (unknown scribe, with notes by Hunter), 169, 169, 175nn 42 and 54, 228, 230, 244
catalogue of Hunter’s medical library (unknown hand), 95, 95, 289, 291
Catalogue of Minerals (Hunter), 168, 168, 398–99
“Common Catalogue” (Hunter), 95, 95, 107n6, 289, 291
Nummorum veterum populorum et urbium, qui in museo Gulielmi Hunter asservantur… (Charles Combe), 21, 29, 166, 170, 170, 325, 335
Trustee Catalogue of the Anatomical Preparations, 175n42, 230
Trustee Catalogue of Coins and Medals, 332
Trustee Catalogue of Insects (Matthew Baillie), 383–84, 385
Trustee Catalogue of Minerals, 171, 352, 398–99
Trustee Catalogue of Printed Books, 289
Trustee Catalogue of the Shells (George Fordyce), 354–56, 367, 368, 370–72. See also Laskey, General Account of the Hunterian Museum
Catesby, Mark (1683–1749), 61
Caxton, William (d. 1492), 91, 289, 305
trans. L’art de bien vivre et de bien mourir, 305
Celsus (c. 25 BCE–c. 50 CE): De medicina, 77–78
cent nouvelles nouvelles, Les, 289
Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de (1547–1616): El ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha, 94, 306
Chamberlen, Paul (1635–1717), 54
Chamberlen family, 54, 199
Chamberlin, Mason (1727–1787): Portrait of Dr William Hunter, 20, 184, 208, 211
William Hunter (attrib. George Michael Moser, after), 209, 211
Chambers, Ephraim (c. 1680–1740): Cyclopaedia, 162–64, 164, 167, 311
Chambers, M., 62
Chambers, Sir William (1723–1796): portrait of, 209
architect of Somerset House, 20, 209
Channing, John (c. 1703–1775), 300
Chaplin, Simon, 128, 139
Chardin, Jean-Siméon (1699–1779), 53, 275–77, 282, 285
The Cellar Boy, 276, 284, 285
Lady Taking Tea (Une dame qui prend du thé), 19, 33, 53, 275, 277n3 283
The Scullery Maid, 276, 284, 285
Charles VIII, King of France (reigned 1483–98), 294
Charleton, Walter (1620–1707), 81
Walter Charleton (Godfrey Kneller), 81, 82, 89n40, 275, 278
Charlotte, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Queen of Hanover, consort of George III (1744–1818), 18, 174n18, 197, 203, 319n1
and Hunter, as accoucheur to, 197, 203, 250
and Hunter, as Physician Extraordinary to, 19, 67, 73, 87n5, 115, 139, 178, 181n1, 196–97, 203, 211, 250, 362
live tea-shrub for, 283
menagerie of, 20, 172, 354–55, 360–62, 408
Charlton, William (1642–1702), 397
Chatham, Baroness (1720–1803), 286
Chaucer, Geoffrey (c. 1340–1400), 101
The Canterbury Tales, 100
—— Richard Pynson edition, The Boke of the Tales of Canterburie, 100–101, 101
—— Thomas Tyrwhitt edition, 99, 291
The Romaunt of the Rose, 99, 289, 291, 294
Cheselden, William (1688–1752), 66–67, 79–80
anatomical loans from James Douglas, 66, 68, 218–19
Anatomy of the Human Body, 219
Osteographia, 66–67, 79–80, 88n31, 210, 218, 218–19
student of William Cowper, 81, 211
Chetwynd, Deborah, 197
Choulant, Johann Ludwig (1791–1861), 110
Chrétien, Gilles-Louis: David Samwell, 151
Christie, James (1730–1803), 274
Ciamberlano, Luca (b. c. 1570): engravings after Pietro da Cortona, 214
Cicero (106–43 BCE), 305
De officiis, 289, 305
—— notes by Hunter on, 305, 305
Cipriani, Giovanni Battista (1727–1785): Royal Academy diploma (Francesco Bartolozzi after), 204
Clarke, George (d. 1736), 89n42
Clerke, Charles (1741–1779), 152
Cochin, Charles-Nicolas (1715–1790), 277
Cochran, William (1738–1785), 19, 318
William Cullen (Valentine Green after), 276, 318
William Cullen and wife, portraits of, 318
coins, Hunter collection of, 78, 169, 312, 324–26, 331, 352
acquisition of, 20–21, 78, 84, 139, 166, 169, 274, 314, 325–26
auctions of duplicates, 325
cabinet for, 21, 315, 324
cataloguing of, 21, 29, 135 166, 169–70, 325, 335
drawn by Frederick Birnie and Charles Taylor, 21
in Hunter’s wills, 31, 73, 192
from Matthew Duane, 20, 84, 166, 325
size and housing of, 84, 135, 161, 324, 326. See also Combe, Charles; medals
coins in Hunter collection: Asian, 325
—— dinaras of the Gupta Kings, 325, 332–33
—— Jahangir issue in gold, 325
—— koban (three), 325, 332; British, 324–25
—— noble of David II, 324, 325, 331
—— sovereign of George III (1782), 325
Greek and Roman, 20, 324–25
—— aurei, double aureus, and solidi of the Roman Emperors, 324, 326–30
—— Roman coin with rhinoceros, 134, 135
—— stater of Lachares, 325, 326
Coke, Lady Mary (1727–1811), 197, 203
Coleoptera (beetles), 382: Goliath beetle (Scarabeus goliatus now Goliathus goliatus), 387
jewel beetles (genus Buprestis), drawer of, 130, 388–89
longhorn beetle (Cerambyx scalaris now Taeniotes scalatus), 395
mango longhorn beetle (Lamia rubus now Batocera rubus), 394
Neptune beetle (Scarabeus neptunus), 396–97
College of Physicians of Philadelphia, The, 86, 271
bookplate of, 86, 86
Collet, Dominik, 128
Collinson, Peter (1694–1768), 406, 408
Collyer, Joseph (1748–1827): Hunter, portrait of (after George Michael Moser, attrib.), 204, 209
Colombo, Fernando (1488–1539), 303
Historie del S. D. Fernando Colombo; nelle quali s’ha particolare, & vera relatione della vita, & de’ fatti dell’Ammiraglio D. Christoforo Columbo, suo padre, 289, 303
Columbus, Christopher (c. 1451–1506), 278, 303
Historie del S. D. Fernando Colombo … (Fernando Colombo), 289, 303
Combe, Charles (1743–1817), 29, 184, 399
cataloguing of Hunter coins, 21, 29, 166, 170
Nummorum veterum populorum et urbium, qui in museo Gulielmi Hunter asservantur, descriptio figuris illustrata, 21, 29, 166, 170, 170, 325, 335
—— engraved plate for plate 9 (unknown artist), 170, 335
trustee of Hunter’s English will, 21, 28–29, 42, 166, 168, 192
Combe, Taylor (1774–1826), 46n10
Company of Barber-Surgeons, 62, 54–55, 85
James Douglas as Gale Lecturer in Osteology of, 62
Richard Mead’s lectures on anatomy to, 85
Company of Surgeons, 30, 46n16
Hunter admitted to, 17–18, 73. See also Royal College of Surgeons
Condillac, Étienne Bonnot de (1714–1780), 164, 310
Constantine I, Emperor of Rome (307–37 CE), 326
Cook, Captain James (1728–1779), 143, 152
and Pacific artefacts and specimens, 20, 146, 149, 153, 346, 349
death of, 152
A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean (completed by James King), 143, 146
A Voyage Towards the South Pole, and Round the World …, 143, 146, 150, 289, 337, 338
Cook, Captain James, voyages of, 143–44, 146–47, 149, 336
first voyage, 19, 145, 155, 377, 397
—— artefacts from, 145, 149, 340, 346–47, 354, 370
—— and the Endeavour, 144–45, 340, 367
—— specimens from, 376, 383, 396
second voyage, 20, 144–46, 150, 154–56, 336, 338, 348
—— artefacts from, 20, 149, 153, 156, 345–46
third voyage, 20, 144–46, 150, 152, 154–55, 338, 346, 350, 372, 382
—— account of (David Samwell), 150–51
—— artefacts from, 149, 151, 153–54, 342–43, 345–46, 349–51.
Cooper, Richard (1701–1764), 16, 37, 185, 251, 312
illustrations for Alexander Monro primus, 37, 251
Copenhagen Psalter, 292
Copernicus, Nicolaus (1473–1543), 278
De revolutionibus orbium coelestium, 289, 308
coral and zoophytes, 127, 131, 170, 347, 376
cataloguing of, 355–56
Ellis and Solander corals, 355–56, 376–77
from John Fothergill’s collection, 21, 354, 377
in Hunter collection, 21, 171, 367, 374, 376–82
in Hunter’s wills, 31, 73, 192
Madrepora abdita (now Favites abdita), 377, 378–79
Madrepora angulosa (now Mussa angulosa), 380
Madrepora annularis (now Orbicella annularis), 377, 379
Madrepora aspera (now Echinophyllia aspera), 377, 378
Madrepora phrygia (now Leptoria phrygia), 377, 378–79
The Natural History of Many Curious and Uncommon Zoophytes (John Ellis and Daniel Solander), 376, 377, 378–80
Coram, Thomas (1757–1811), 16
portrait of (William Hogarth), 317
Cordiner, Reverend Charles (1746–1794), 186
Bothwell Castle, 180, 186
illustrations for Thomas Pennant’s Antiquities and Scenery of the North of Scotland … , 186
illustrations for Thomas Pennant’s Remarkable Ruins, and Romantic Prospects, of North Britain, 186
village of Bothwell (engraving) (Robert Paul after), 186
Cortona, Pietro da (1596–1669), 214
anatomical drawings, album of, 20, 211, 214, 314
—— écorché figure, holding aside sternum (drawing), 214
—— engravings after (Luca Ciamberlano), 214
Costa, Emanuel Mendez da (1717–1791), 381, 387
Cowper, William (1666/7–1710), 56, 79, 81, 211, 216
The Anatomy of Human Bodies, 216
écorché figure (drawing), 216
fellow of Royal Society, 216
Myotomia reformata; or An anatomical treatise on the muscles of the human body, 80, 210–11
—— drawings for illustrations, 80, 210–11, 216
—— Richard Mead edition, 80–81, 85, 89n36, 211, 216, 219
preservation techniques, 56, 216
Cozens, Alexander (1717–1786), 185
drawing for The Gravid Uterus, plate XXI, 264–65
plate XXI, first-state proof before letters (François-Germain Aliamet after), 265
plate XXI, proof after letters (François-Germain Aliamet after), 265
Croghan, George (1718–1782), 408
crinoids, 381
Fothergill’s crinoid, 355
sea-lily (Cenocrinus asterius), 381
Crisp, Nicholas (c. 1704–1774), 87n3, 202
silver cup (attrib.), 31, 72, 73–75, 86, 87nn 3 and 6, 200–202, 211
—— in Hunter’s English will, 31, 73, 200
—— inscription “Non sibi sed toti”, 75, 86, 202
Croker, Mr, 359
Cromwell, Oliver (1599–1658), 75
Crosier, John, 150
Cruikshank, William (1745–1800), 184
as Hunter’s assistant, 20, 204
in Hunter’s English will, 29
and lymphatics, 228, 234
Cullen, William (1710–1790), 18, 33, 46n9, 189–92, 312
daughter of, 337n2
First Lines of the Practice of Physic for the Use of Students in the University of Edinburgh, 288
and Hunter, friendship with, 52, 186–87, 288, 318
Hunter training under, 16, 29, 36, 318
letters from Hunter, 19, 51, 77, 115, 179, 288
—— 20 September 1748, concerning a Continental tour, 186
—— 12 August 1762, on attending Queen Charlotte, 197, 203
—— 2–20 April 1765, concerning a proposal for an anatomy school in Glasgow, 19, 39, 160, 175n62, 186–88, 411
—— in 1768, on collecting and on The Gravid Uterus, 38–39, 160–61, 175n62
letter to Hunter, 17 September 1776, on the death of David Hume, draft of, 190–91
professor of medicine, Glasgow and Edinburgh universities, 34, 318
Synopsis nosologiae methodicae, 288
William Cullen (Valentine Green after William Cochran), 276, 318
William Cullen and wife, portraits of (William Cochran), 318
Cunego, Domenico (1727–1803): Andromache Lamenting at the Death of Hector (after William Hamilton), 276
Discovery of the Ruins of Palmyra (after William Hamilton), 276
curiosities, 160, 170, 178, 283, 286, 336–37, 352, 370. See also artefacts from the Pacific, Hunter collection of; Pacific North-west Coast; South Seas artefacts
Cutler, Reverend Manasseh (1742–1823), 271
Cuvier, Georges (1769–1832), 406, 408
D
Dalton, Richard (c. 1715–1791), 211, 276, 287, 319
edition of engravings after Guercino, 276, 319, 319
Darwin, Charles (1809–1882): study of barnacles, 374
Darwin, Erasmus (1731–1802): Zoonomia, 406
Daston, Lorraine, 128
Daubenton, Louis-Jean-Marie (1716–1800), 171, 407
David II, King of Scotland (reigned 1329–61), 331
Davilá, Pedro Franco (1711–1786), 161
Davy, William: trans. of Institutes, Political and Military, written originally in the Mogul Language … (with Joseph White), 99
Dawe, William, 20
Dawkins, James (1722–1757), 18
Deacon, James (active 1770s): Combat with Lions (after Luca Cambiaso), 318–19
Della Valle, Filippo (1698–1768): bust of Francis Hutcheson, 43–44, 47n55, 335
Demetrio, J. (active 1655–1660): Dr William Harvey (attrib.), 19, 81, 81, 203, 275, 278–79
Sir Charles Scarburgh, 278–79
Dennistoun, James (1803–1855), 166
Desaguliers, John Theophilus (1683–1744), 16, 38, 66
Dessain, Jean-Baptiste (1730–1782), 96, 284
Dibdin, Thomas Frognall (1776–1847), 96
Dick, Robert (d. 1751), 34
Diderot, Denis (1713–1784): Encyclopédie, ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers, (with Jean le Rond d’Alembert), 18, 28, 162–64, 167, 170, 310–11
—— “Essai d’un distribution généalogique des sciences et des art principaux” (Chrétien Frédéric Guillaume Roth), 171, 171
Dobbermann, Jacob (1682–1745), 352
Hunter Amber Goblet (attrib.), 336, 352
Donaldson, John (c. 1737–1801): David Hume, portrait of, 312, 313
Douglas, Israel James (d. 1752), 70n38
Douglas, James (1675–1742), 17, 49–54, 56–57, 210
anatomy courses and dissections, 49, 50, 54–55, 58, 63
archives and packets acquired by Hunter, 49–51, 53, 62, 69n1, 211, 222, 288, 355
the armadillo or the hog in armour from South America (drawing) (attrib.), 60, 61
badly united fracture of the tibia and fibula at the junction of the lower and middle thirds (preparation), 210, 218, 219, 228
Bibliographiae anatomicae specimen, 100
—— annotated by Hunter, 51, 69n10, 100, 101
on botanical subjects, 49–50
and calculi, 233
a chick in the egg shown in cross section (drawing) (attrib.), 58, 58
collection of specimens and preparations, 56, 66, 216, 218
as collector of fine art, 50–51, 65–67
the crocus (drawings), 50, 50
death of, 52–53, 81
A Description of the Peritoneum, 54, 80
fracture at the middle of the radius united with ankylosis to the ulna (preparation), 48, 49, 210, 218, 219, 228
“Gyneciorum prodromus”, 50, 54, 62, 67–68, 220
—— acquired by Hunter, 62, 288
—— drawings for (attrib. Philippe Richard Frémont), 62, 220
history of anatomical representation, interest in, 63, 68, 301
“History of Osteology from Hippocrates down to the Arabians, etc”, 63
and Hunter, 16–17, 27, 38, 46n26, 49–53, 65–68, 75, 80, 306
—— as assistant, 16, 27, 51–53, 56, 66–67, 211, 355
—— living in household, 16–17, 38, 51–53, 66, 81, 223, 355
and Mary Toft, 54, 62, 67, 221–22
—— letter from Nathaniel St André, 29 November 1726, concerning the “Rabbit Woman” of Godalming, 221, 222, 288
and midwifery, 51, 54
“Osteologia universalis” (or “Osteotomia”), 16, 50, 52, 54, 62–68, 69n4, 70n63, 80, 218, 220
—— illustrations for, 62–65, 217, 219
—— bones of the sacrum and coccyx (etching) (Boitard), with notes attached by James Douglas and Hunter, 63, 65
—— three views of a deformed femur lent by George Rolfe (drawing) (attrib.), 54, 55, 63
as Physician Extraordinary to Queen Caroline, 49, 51, 70n63, 223
and rhinoceroses, depictions of, 56–57, 134, 366
scapula bones (etching) (with François Boitard), 63, 64
a woodpecker, drawings of, 58
zoological interests, 58–62, 66, 211, 355
Douglas, John (d. 1743), 51, 66
Douglas, Martha (née Wilkes), 52
Douglas, Martha Jane (1716–1744), 52
Douglas, William George, 17, 53
tutored by Hunter, 16, 52–53, 57
Drury, Dru (1725–1804), 135, 358, 387
Illustrations of Natural History, 132, 132, 289, 386–87, 392
insect collection, 132, 383–84, 387, 389, 392, 394
Dryden, John (1631–1700): trans. of Charles Alphonse du Fresnoy’s De arte graphica, 100
Duane, Matthew (1707–1785), 20, 84, 166
Du Bosc, Claude (1682–c. 1746), 59–61, 63–65
drawings for James Douglas’s “Osteologia” (possibly), 63–65
—— the bones of the shoulder (probably), 65, 65
Du Mesnil, Élie (b. 1726): engraving for The Gravid Uterus, plate XXXI (detail), fig. II (after Rymsdyk), 249, 266, 267
Dundas, Henry (1742–1811), 30
Dupuis, Charles, 59
Dürer, Albrecht (1471–1528): Rhinoceros, 56
E
Easter Island (Rapa Nui), Polynesia, 348
barkcloth, 343
dance paddle (rapa), 348
écorché, 205–9
bronze cast (George Michael Moser), 208
bronze cast, Smugglerius (Agostino Carlini), 20
écorché figure, plaster (unknown maker), 208–9, 211
écorché figure (drawing) (William Cowper), 216
écorché figure, holding aside sternum (drawing) (Pietro da Cortona), 214
plaster models (Hunter), 18, 20, 205–9
wax reduction (Michael Henry Spang, after Hunter), 19, 206, 206, 211
—— bronze cast (Albert Pars, after Spang), 208
—— bronze casts (after Spang and Hunter), 207–9, 207, 211
Ehret, Georg Dionysius (1708–1770), 377
elephants: dissections of, 20, 58, 355
skeletons compared to fossils, 406–7
and mastodons, 229, 406–7
Queen Charlotte’s, 20, 354–55, 408
teeth, in Hunter collection, 229
Ellis, John (c. 1710–1776), 355, 359, 377
barnacles, paper on, 374
Directions for Bringing over Seeds and Plants, from the East-Indies and Other Distant Countries …, 359
Ellis and Solander corals, 355–56, 376–77
and Fothergill’s barnacle, 374
The Natural History of Many Curious and Uncommon Zoophytes, Collected from Various Parts of the Globe (with Daniel Solander), 376, 377, 378–80
on a living crinoid, 381
Emerson, Roger L., 33–34
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 162–64
organization of, 167
plates for (Andrew Bell), 163, 163, 311
Estienne press, Paris, 77, 289
Ethnologisches Museum, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, 349
Euclid (d. 285 BCE): in Hunter library, 308
Evelyn, John (1620–1706), 315
John Evelyn (Robert Nanteuil), 277n6, 315, 316
Sculptura, 315
eyes: the anterior chamber of the eye, the ciliary body, and the iris (Francis Sandys), 169, 169, 228, 238–39
the arteries of the iris (Francis Sandys), 169, 169, 228, 239
catalogue entries on anatomical preparations of the human eye, 169, 169
eye of the “Neel Ghaw” [nilgai] (William Hunter with John Hunter), 172, 173, 360–61
the choroid and ciliary processes, and arteries of the iris (Francis Sandys), 169, 169, 228, 238–39
the crystalline lens in situ (Francis Sandys), 169, 169, 228, 239
in Hunter collection, 239
on the membrana pupillaris (Hunter), 239
the sclerotic and choroid coats of the eye (Francis Sandys), 169, 169, 228, 238–39
F
Fabricius, Johann Christian (1745–1808), 129–30, 167, 383, 389, 397
on the British Museum, 39, 130–31
on Dru Drury, 386–87
Etymologia systematica, 129, 129
Genera insectorum, 129
and Hunter’s collections, 19, 129–30, 135–36, 164–65, 354–55, 367, 389, 405
—— as curator of the insect collection, 130–32, 354, 382–83, 386, 391, 397, 405
—— on the zoological specimens, 354–55, 357
publications of unillustrated, 386
insect collection of, 383
Johann Christian Fabricius (Gerhard Ludvig Lahde), 129
letters by: on English natural history collections, 129–30
1784, on Hunter’s museum, 25, 130, 383
Mantissa insectorum, 389
Species insectorum, 383, 385
studying English collections, 129–30
Systema entomologiae …, 396
insect taxonomy of, 129, 131–32, 140n27, 167, 383, 385, 395
Fabris, Pietro (active 1756–79), 314
Faithfull, John, 165
Fallours, Samuel (1703–1720): illustrations for Poissons, ecrevisses et crabs (Louis Renard), 311
Ferguson, Adam (1723–1816), 146
Ferrein, Antoine (1693–1769), 17
Fiji, Melanesia, 345, 346, 348, 372
Fitzroy, Isabella. See Hertford, Isabella Seymour-Conway
Flinders, Matthew (1774–1814), 143
Folkes, Martin (1690–1754), 325
Foote, Samuel (1720–1777), 227
forceps, obstetrical, 199, 223, 307
Chamberlen family’s “modo nostro”, 53–54
obstetrical forceps (unknown maker), 199
Fordyce, George (1736–1802), 29, 46n8, 99, 150, 184, 291, 368
as a chemist, 399, 403
collections of, 368, 383
“An Examination of Various Ores in the Museum of Dr. William Hunter” (with Stanesby Alchorne), 403
on Herculaneum, 314
letter from Jan Ingenhousz, 23 April 1783, 179
as provider of mineral specimens to Hunter, 165
“A New Method to Assaying Copper Ores”, 399, 403
Trustee Catalogue of the Shells, 354–56, 367, 368, 370–72
trustee of Hunter’s English will, 21, 28–29, 42, 165, 168, 192, 355, 399
Fornari, Baliano di, 303
Forster, Elizabeth, 165
Forster, George (1754–1794), 146, 150
on Cook’s 2nd voyage, 146, 149–50, 336, 338
and Hunter, 149–50, 354
South Seas collection of, 146, 150, 156, 345
Forster, Jacob (1739–1806), 165, 398–99, 404
invoice for minerals, 165, 398, 404, 405
Forster, Johann Reinhold (1729–1798), 146, 150, 154
on Cook’s 2nd voyage, 146, 149–50, 336–38
and Hunter, 149–50, 354
Observations Made During a Voyage Round the World …, 146, 149, 336–37
South Seas collection of, 146, 150, 156, 345
fossils, 406–7
antlers of “Irish elk” (Megalocerus giganteus), 406
cataloguing of, 355, 406
comparison to gall-stones, 171
and extinction, 229, 376, 406–8
fossilised woods, 171
Hunter’s interest in, 352, 376
in Hunter’s wills, 31, 192
mastodon tooth, 362, 406, 408–9
mastodon tusk, 362, 406, 408–9. See also mastodon (Mammut americanum)
Fothergill, John (1712–1780), 147, 381, 389
anatomical casts and drawings provided to Pennsylvania Hospital, 249, 251, 270–71
collections of, 21, 166, 382, 389, 393
Dr John Fothergill (Gilbert Stuart), 149
insects bequeathed to Hunter, 382
sales from collection to Hunter, 21, 147, 149, 166, 354, 367, 370, 374, 376–77, 381, 393
Foulis Academy, Old College, Glasgow (Academy of the Fine Arts, University of Glasgow), 18, 180, 186, 308, 318
Foulis, Andrew (1712–1775), 80, 172, 301–3
and Hunter, 80, 186, 292, 306
Foulis, Robert (1707–1776), 16, 33, 52, 80, 106, 172, 301–3
and Hunter, 80, 186, 292, 306
Foulis brothers: bookshop at the University of Glasgow, 16
Hunter’s purchases from, 172, 303, 306
Foulis Press, 80, 106, 289
edition of Homer’s complete works, 292, 292, 308
edition of Homer’s Iliad, 289, 306, 306
edition of Francis Hutcheson’s De Naturali hominum socialitate, 289, 308, 308
Foundling Hospital, London, 16, 317
Fracastoro, Girolamo (c. 1478–1553), 77
France, Joseph de (1691–1761), 326
Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (1708–1765), 164
Emperor Franz I Stephan with the Directors of His Collections (Franz Messmer and Jakob Kohl), 165
Franklin, Benjamin (1706–1790), 172, 291, 303, 408
Frederick, Prince of Wales (1707–1751), 17, 76
Freind, John (1675–1728), 86
Frémont, Philippe Richard (active 1710s–1730s), 59
the beak of a phoenicopterus or flamingo (drawing), 61, 61
drawings for James Douglas’s “Gyneciorum prodromus” (attrib.), 62, 220
Study of a Child in Utero, 220
Fresne, Raphael Trichet du (1611–1661): Trattato della pittura di Lionardo da Vinci … , 313, 313
Fresnoy, Charles Alphonse du (1611–1668): De arte graphica, 100
Fust, Johann (c. 1400–1466), 289, 305
G
Gaignat, Jean-Louis (1697–1768), sale of, 20, 289, 292, 294, 296, 304
Galen (129–c. 216 CE), 75, 86, 106, 211, 213, 300–301
collected by Hunter, 288, 301
Galeni opera ex nona Iuntarum editione, 213, 288, 301
gall-stones, 171, 232
facetted gall stones, from one case (preparation), 232
fossils compared to, 171. See also calculi
Gascoigne, John, 309
George I, King of Great Britain and Ireland and elector of Hanover (1660–1727), 16, 76, 222
grant to James Douglas, 62, 67, 70n63, 220
George II, King of Great Britain and Ireland and elector of Hanover (1683–1760), 16–17, 56
Richard Mead and Robert Taylor, Physicians-in-Ordinary to, 316
George III, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover (1738–1820), 18, 174n18, 178, 197, 296
children of, 87n5, 139, 196–97, 203, 250
collections of, 287, 324, 326
dedication of The Gravid Uterus to, 115
letter to Earl of Bute, 12 August 1762, on the birth of George IV, 197
Allan Ramsay, Painter-in-Ordinary to, 178, 181n1
portrait of, in Royal Academy, 209
Hunter’s Royal Academy diploma signed by, 204
Sir Caesar Hawkins, Sergeant Surgeon to, 87n5
George IV, birth of, 87n5, 197, 203
Gerdes, Heinrich Walter (1690–1742), 107n5, 320
Gessner, Conrad (1516–1565): Historia animalium, 321
Gheyn, Jacques de, II (c. 1565–1629), 226
Gibbon, Edward (1737–1794): The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, 20
Gmelin, Johann Friedrich (1748–1804), 372
Godfray, Thomas (active 1530–37), 294
Gordon, Lord George (1751–1793), 324
Gosset, Isaac (1713–1799): medallion of Francis Hutcheson (after Allan Ramsay), 335
Graff, Dorothea Maria (1678–1743), 164
gravid uterus, early images of, 112–13
diagram of the anatomy of pregnancy, Fasciculus medicinae, 112, 112
figure revealing the anatomy of the uterus, Commentaria cum amplissimis additionibus super Anatomia Mundini, 112, 112
Gravid Uterus, The (book), 38, 62, 68, 79, 94, 96. 109–23, 127, 204, 249–52, 288–89, 365, 273
arrangement of contents, 114, 125n27
critique of, 109–10
expense of, 115, 119
first work on, 111–12, 124nn 10 and 18, 125n24
preface to, 114, 118–19, 124n10, 248, 250
printing of by Baskerville press, 96, 115, 119, 248, 250, 289
printing press for, 39, 115, 125n31
publication of, 20, 74, 111, 115, 180, 197, 248, 250
subscription for, 18
Gravid Uterus, The, engraved plates of, 17–18, 36, 39, 109, 111, 116, 119, 121, 125n31, 166, 185, 210–11, 248, 250, 289
artists’ drawings for, 17, 114, 119, 121, 123, 124n10, 210, 248, 289
artists involved in, 115, 166, 248, 276
Hunter’s lectures on, 210, 248
plate I: engraving for (Simon François Ravenet after Rymsdyk), 116, 117, 123
—— text for, 119
plate II, 115, 120–21, 121
—— drawing for (Rymsdyk), 115, 115, 254
—— proof after letters for (Louis Gérard Scotin after Rymsdyk), 115, 121, 249, 254
—— text for, 120
plate III: drawing for (Rymsdyk), 116, 255
—— proof after letters for (Thomas Major after Rymsdyk), 276, 284, 255
plate IV: drawing for (Rymsdyk), 116, 257
—— proof after letters for (Robert Strange after Rymsdyk), 116, 117, 123, 166, 257
plate V, 121
plate VI, 109, 110, 123
—— drawing for (Rymsdyk), 114, 116, 220, 258–59
—— proof after letters for (Robert Strange after Rymsdyk), 79–80, 110, 123, 166, 258–59
—— proof for (Robert Strange after Rymsdyk), 79–80, 115, 166, 258–59
—— text for, 119
plate XIII: drawing for (Rymsdyk), 116, 260–61
plate X, 121–22, 125n26
—— text for, 119
plate XV, 116, 118
—— detail, fig. V (François-Germain Aliamet after Rymsdyk), 117, 118
plate XVI: drawing for (Rymsdyk), 262
plate XVII: drawing for (Rymsdyk), 116, 263
plate XXI: drawing for (Alexander Cozens), 264–65
—— proof after letters for (François-Germain Aliamet after Cozens), 265
—— proof for (François-Germain Aliamet after Cozens), 265
plate XXVI: detail, figure IV (François-Germain Aliamet after Rymsdyk), 119, 120
plate XXX, 266
plate XXXI, 266
—— drawing for plate XXXI, fig. II (Rymsdyk), 116, 249, 267
—— proof for plate XXXI (detail), fig. II (Élie Du Mesnil after Rymsdyk), 249, 266, 267
plate XXXIV: annotated proof before letters for (George Powle after Rymsdyk), 251, 268–69
—— drawings for plate XXXIV, figs. I–III (Rymsdyk), 116, 268–69
proof after letters for (George Powle after Rymsdyk), 122, 122, 251, 269
Gravid Uterus, The, polychrome plaster casts from dissections for, 116, 125n35, 137, 248–51
the child in the womb in its natural situation (Hunter and assistants), 111, 111, 116, 122–23, 137, 204, 249–50, 258–59
the uterus at the end of the ninth month of pregnancy (Hunter and assistants), 116, 116, 122–23, 137, 204, 249, 253–55
the uterus at the end of the ninth month of pregnancy, the anterior wall of the pelvis removed (Hunter and assistants), 116, 116, 122–23, 123, 137, 204, 249–50, 256
CT, SEM-EDX, and X-ray analysis of, 250, 251n6
Gravid Uterus, The, research and anatomical preparations for, 173, 248, 250
dissections for, 17, 111, 114, 116, 122, 204, 248, 252
—— conception, 114, 268–69
—— “first subject”, 114, 116, 253–59
—— “third subject”, 114, 260–62
—— “sixth subject”, 262–63
—— “seventh subject”, 264–65
—— “twelfth subject”, 266–67
gravid uterus, Hunter’s early study of, 111–12, 124nn 10 and 18, 125n24, 248–49, 252
in Hunterian Museum, 116, 137, 249–51
wet preparations or jarred specimens, 116, 19–21, 248, 249
—— corpus luteum of pregnancy at term (Hunter and assistants), 116–17, 118
—— the placenta at full time; the decidua covering the outer surface (Hunter and assistants), 111, 111
—— uterus and ovum “in the fourth month” (Hunter and assistants), 116, 249, 266
Gray, Edward Whitaker (1748–1806), 382
“Great Chain of Being”, the, 376, 406
Hunter’s questioning of, 171, 233, 406
Great Windmill Street, London. See anatomy school and building, Great Windmill Street, London; and museum of William Hunter, Great Windmill Street, London
Green, Valentine (1739–1813), 276, 318
William Cullen (after William Cochran), 276, 318
Gregson, Matthew (1748/9–1824), 152, 154
Grenville, George (1712–1770), 19
Greville, Lady Louisa Augusta (1743–?1776), 319
Long Landscape with a Bridge (after Guercino), 319
Grew, Nehemiah (1641–1712), 167
Grignion, Charles (bap. 1721–d. 1810): The Gravid Uterus, engravings for, 115
A Sett of Anatomical Tables with Explanations (William Smellie), engravings for, 114
—— table XV (after Rymsdyk), 114
Grigson, Caroline, 251
Grimaldi, Giovanni (1606–1680): Landscape with Tobias and the Angel, 275
Gucht, Michael van der (1660–1725): head and tongue of the flamingo (engraving) (after N. Bundock), 61, 70n60
Guercino (Giovanni Francesco Barbieri) (1591–1666), 319
Long Landscape with a Bridge (Lady Greville after), 319
Guerrini, Anita, 54–55
Gutenberg, Johannes (c. 1400–1468), 289, 305
H
Hadley, John (1682–1744), 83
Hall, John (1739–1797): “Otoo” (engraving) (after William Hodges), 338, 338
Hall, Michael, 179, 194, 200–202
Haller, Albrecht von (1708–1777), 57, 251n2
Hamerani family of medallists, 325
Hamilton, Gavin (1723–1798), 33–34, 46n28, 276
Andromache Lamenting at the Death of Hector (Domenico Cunego after), 276
bust of (Christopher Hewetson), 43
—— displayed in the Hunterian Museum (photograph), 44, 45
Discovery of the Ruins of Palmyra (Domenico Cunego after), 276
Hamilton, Sir William (1730–1803), 19, 314
anatomical drawings by Pietro da Cortona given to Hunter by, 20, 211, 214, 314
as British Ambassador to the Kingdom of Naples, 20, 314
Campi Phlegraei. Observations on the Volcanos … , 314
collection of, 19–20
—— catalogued by Pierre d’Hancarville, 19
Hancarville, Pierre d’ (1719–1805): Collection of Etruscan, Greek and Roman Antiquities, 19
Hancock, E. Geoffrey, 132
Hanson, Craig Ashley, 20
Harris, Joseph, book sale of (1764), 78
Harvey, Karen, 110
Harvey, William (1578–1657), 58, 202–3, 278, 288
Dr William Harvey (attrib. J. Demetrio), 19, 81, 81, 203, 275, 278–79
“Historical Anecdotes of Dr. William Harvey by Wm. Hunter …”, 81
Harwood, Edward (1729–1794): A View of the Various Editions of the Greek and Roman Classics, 77, 96–97
Hayman, Francis (1707–1776), 18
Hawai’ian Islands, Polynesia, 149, 151–55, 342–43
artefacts in Hunter collection, 152–56, 342–45
barkcloth (kapa), 343
bracelets, pair of (kupe’e ho’okalakala), 344–45
and death of Captain Cook, 151, 338
decorated water gourd (ipu pawehe), Niihau Island, 342–43
drum, 342
Hawkesworth, John (1715?–1773): An Account of the Voyages … , 143
Hawkins, Sir Caesar (1711–1786), 87n5
Heberden, William (1710–1801), 174n18, 184
herbarium, 161, 174n9, 354–55
in Hunter’s English will, 31, 73
Henry VI, King of England (reigned 1422–61 and 1470–71), 325
Hertford, Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of (1718–1794), 190, 286, 312
Hertford, Francis Seymour-Conway, Viscount Beauchamp, 2nd Marquess of (1743–1822), 280, 284, 287
Hertford, Isabella Seymour-Conway (née Fitzroy), Countess of (1726–1782), 190, 234, 277, 280, 284 , 286–87
Isabella, Countess of Hertford (Alexander Roslin), 234, 276–77, 286–87
Hewetson, Christopher (1737/8–1798): bust of Gavin Hamilton, 43
Hewson, William (1739–1774), 85, 204, 354
as assistant to Hunter, 85
lectures with Hunter, 19, 204
letter concerning cataloguing of Hunter’s collections, 169, 354
and lymphatics, 228, 234, 244
Hippocrates (c. 460–c. 370 BCE), 63, 77, 86
Hodges, William (1774–1797), 144
Omai, a Polynesian, 144, 145
“Otoo” (John Hall after), 338, 338
A View of Matavai Bay, in the Island of Otaheite, 144
Hogarth, William (1697–1764), 66
The Analysis of Beauty, 18, 210, 224–25
—— Plate I, A Statuary’s Yard, 224–25, 276
Credulity, Superstition and Fanaticism: A Medley, 221
Cunicularii or the Wise Men of Godliman in Consultation, 67, 212, 221, 288
Four Prints of an Election, 94, 94
The Four Stages of Cruelty: The Reward of Cruelty, 225, 276
frontispiece, Sterne’s Tristram Shandy, 94, 94
and Hunter, 67, 94, 212, 221, 224–25, 275
Mary Toft satires, 67, 212, 221
Moses Brought to Pharaoh’s Daughter, 18
Paul before Felix, 18
and St Martin’s Lane Academy, 224–25
Thomas Coram, portrait of, 317
Hollis, Thomas Brand (1719–1804), 43, 47n55, 335
Home, Anne (1742–1821), 20
Home, Everard (1756–1832), 30
Homer: bronze head, possibly of, 78, 88n25
Hē tou Homērou Ilias, 306
—— note on by Hunter, 306, 306
Tēs tou Homērou Iliados ho tomos proteros … , 292, 308
—— binding of, 93, 93, 292
Hooke, Robert (1635–1703), 162
Micrographia, 308
Hooker, Richard (1554–1600), 102
Hooper, Steven, 339
Hopetoun, John Hope, 2nd Earl of (1704–1781): portrait of (Allan Ramsay), 317
Horace (65–8 BCE), 51–52, 80, 306
Odes, 49
Houbraken, Arnold (1660–1719), 279
Howe, General William (1729–1814), 358
Hudson, Thomas (bap. 1701–1779): Frank Nicholls (attrib.), 85
Hume, David (1711–1776), 26, 35, 80, 190
death of, 20, 190–91
Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals, 312
Essays, Moral and Political, 16, 312
Essays and Treatises on Several Subjects, 277, 312–13
—— frontispiece portrait (John Donaldson), 312, 313
and Hunter, 26, 190, 277, 284, 312
draft of letter to Hunter from William Cullen, 17 September 1776, on the death of, 190–91
Philosophical Essays Concerning Human Understanding, 312
Political Discourses, 312
Humphrey, George (1745?–1825), 153–54, 367, 370, 380
Hunter, Agnes (d. 1751
mother of William), 16, 18, 52, 180, 185
letter from Hunter, 3 June 1742, 52–53
Hunter, Dorothea (sister of William). See Baillie
Hunter, James (1717–1745
brother of William), 17, 27, 52
Hunter, John (d. 1741
father of William), 16, 25, 52–53, 69n14
Hunter, John (1728–1793
brother of William), 16–19, 51, 80, 97, 184, 191, 354
biography of (Joseph Adams), 95, 97
and calculi, 171, 233
death of, 21, 30–31, 46n7
in Doctors Dissecting (John Hamilton Mortimer), 212, 226–27
and Douglas family, living with, 17, 52
and inheriting family estate, 192
and lymphatics, 228, 234
marriage of, 20, 180
The Natural History of the Human Teeth, 229, 240–41
nilgai dissection and preparations, with William Hunter, 172, 355, 361
—— eye of the “Neel Ghaw” (with William Hunter), 172, 173, 360–61
at Oxford University, 18, 81–83
and William Hunter: as assistant to, 229, 240, 248, 250, 355
—— estrangement from, 179, 229
—— lectures with, 18, 73, 312
—— estate of, 26, 46n8
Hunter, John, collection of, 30, 46n18, 131, 144, 383
bequest of and purchase for the Company of Surgeons (later Royal College of Surgeons), 21, 28, 30–31, 46n7
insect collection, 383, 391
rhinoceros bones, 366
South Seas artefacts, 152
separate sale of artefacts, library, minerals, and pictures, 21, 32, 46n18
trustees of, 30
Hunter, William (1718–1783), 95–98, 102, 106, 178–79, 196
as accoucheur, 17–18, 51, 73, 114, 196–97, 239, 250
—— apprenticeship, 16, 179
—— to Queen Charlotte, 197, 203, 250
awarded Freedom of the City, Glasgow, 19
biographies of, 84, 127
birth of, 16, 25, 186
burgess and guild brother, City of Edinburgh, 17
death of, 21, 26, 42, 138, 184, 192, 204, 305
death-mask of (unknown maker), 184
education of, 25–26, 36, 57, 73, 199
foreign associate, Académie des sciences, Paris, 21
funeral of, 184
house in Covent Garden, 17–18, 51, 74, 77, 185
house in Great Windmill Street (see anatomy school and building, Great Windmill Street, London); house in Jermyn Street, 18–19, 32, 160, 185, 274
in Leiden, 17, 57, 73, 186, 229, 336
in London, move to, 16, 27, 51, 75, 179
in Paris, 17, 53, 73, 166, 336
as Physician Extraordinary to Queen Charlotte, 19, 67, 73, 87n5, 115, 139, 178, 181n1, 196–97, 203, 203, 211, 250, 362
proposal to found a public anatomy school in London, 39–40, 75, 159–60, 183, 187, 189
proposal to found a school of physic at University of Glasgow, 19, 39, 160, 186–89
sale of personal possessions of, posthumous, 179, 194–95, 205
—— catalogue of, 151, 179, 194–95, 411–12
in Scotland, 17, 36, 179, 186
as student in Edinburgh, 33, 36–37, 57, 166, 231
as student, University of Glasgow, 16–17, 25–26, 36, 202, 288, 306, 312
surgeon, training as, 16–17
wealth of, 139, 196. See also Hunter, William, correspondence of; portraits and caricatures of; wills of; writings of; Hunterian Museum
Hunter, William, correspondence of, 179
from Jacob Bryant, 3 October 1780, 299
from William Cullen, 17 September 1776, on the death of David Hume, draft of, 190–91
to Agnes, his mother, 3 June 1742, 52–53
to Alexander Monro primus, March, 1764, 38, 111, 116, 124n9
to William Cullen, 19, 51, 77, 115, 179, 288
—— 20 September 1748, concerning a Continental tour, 186
—— 12 August 1762, on attending Queen Charlotte, 197, 203
—— 2–20 April 1765, concerning a proposal for an anatomy school in Glasgow, 19, 39, 160, 175n62, 186–88, 411
—— in 1768, on collecting and on The Gravid Uterus, 38–39, 160–61, 175n62
Hunter, William, pedagogy of, 25, 31–38, 114, 196, 198: certificate of attendance for Hunter’s course of anatomical and chirurgical lectures (unknown engraver), 202–3
and dedication to teaching, 19, 75, 86, 87n6, 200
lecturer on anatomy, 17–19, 73, 134, 202, 204, 210, 248, 312
“Lectures Anatomical and Chirurgical …” (unknown scribe), 168, 204–5
midwifery, draft of a concluding lecture on, 197, 199–200
Two Introductory Lectures Delivered by Dr. William Hunter, to His Last Course of Anatomical Lectures … , 67, 102–6, 102, 196, 211. See also under anatomy school and building, Great Windmill Street; Royal Academy of Arts; St Martin’s Lane Academy
Hunter, William, portraits and caricatures of: The Anatomist Overtaken by the Watch … Carrying off Miss W— in a Hamper, 227
Doctors Dissecting (John Hamilton Mortimer), 212, 226–27
portrait of (James Barry), 21, 183
portrait of (John Bogle), 183
portrait of (Robert Edge Pine), 183, 185, 211
portrait of (William Brown), 183
portrait of (Joseph Collyer, after George Michael Moser, attrib.), 204, 209
Portrait of Dr William Hunter (Mason Chamberlin), 20, 184, 208, 211
William Hunter (Edward Burch), 20, 74, 74, 87n2
William Hunter (attrib. George Michael Moser, after Mason Chamberlin), 209, 211
William Hunter (Allan Ramsay), 19, 33, 178, 182–83, 184, 194, 203, 211, 276, 277n3
—— drawings for, 183
William Hunter Lecturing (Johan Zoffany), 20, 184, 205, 206, 211, 274, 276
Hunter, William, writings of: “An Account of the Nyl-ghau …”, 172, 355, 360–61
“Historical Anecdotes of Dr. William Harvey by Wm. Hunter …”, 81
The History of an Aneurysm of the Aorta, 18
“History of the Venereal Disease”, 190
Journal of Attendance on Her Majesty Queen Charlotte as Physician Extraordinary, 197, 203
mammal bones in the Gibraltar breccia, paper on, 355
the mastodon, paper on, 190, 355, 406
Medical Commentaries, 19
“Of the First Printing in Greek,” 299
“On the Structure and Diseases of Articulating Cartilages”, 17
“The origin and progress of Printing Greek, in the 15th Century”, 97, 97
Reflections on Dividing the Symphysis of the Ossa Pubis, 136, 137
The Retroverted Uterus, 18. See also Gravid Uterus, The (book); Hunter, William, pedagogy of
Hunter, William, wills of, 21, 28, 73, 180
English: will and codicils (Hunter), 28–29, 28, 30–33, 41–42, 73, 168, 191–92, 399
Scottish: notarised transcript of (unknown scribe), 28, 30, 42, 73, 192–93
Hunterian Museum, Glasgow (now The Hunterian, University of Glasgow), 21, 25, 26, 41–42, 91, 181, 188, 192, 274
additions to, 147, 355
attendance of visitors at, 45, 92, 170
bequest to found, 21, 25–32, 41–42, 86, 116, 179, 192, 288 (see also Hunter, William, wills of); building of (William Stark), 21, 25, 26, 40, 42, 42–43, 192
cataloguing of collections, 168–70, 354–55
as first public picture gallery in Britain, 21, 42
General Account of the Hunterian Museum, Glasgow (John Laskey), 21, 146–47, 153, 352, 354–55, 357
guide-book to, first, 43
Hall of the Elephant, 153–54, 349, 351
interior of with busts of Gavin Hamilton and Thomas Campbell (photograph), 44, 45
model of, 40
opening of, 21, 25, 42, 155, 355
housing of collection, before Stark building, 42, 91, 348, 367
price of admission, 44–45
purposes of, 28, 32, 42, 44–45, 99–100, 159, 167–71, 192
trustees of, 21, 28–30, 41–42, 44, 168, 180, 192, 202, 355, 383, 406. See also catalogues of Hunter collections; museum of William Hunter; University of Glasgow
Hunterian Psalter, 289, 292–93
Hutchins (auctioneer): A Catalogue of … curious and valuable Articles, of an Eminent Physician, Lately Deceased; Which will be Sold by Auction … on Thursday, the 22d of May 1783, 151, 179, 194–95, 411–12
catalogue of South Seas artefacts (probably David Samwell’s), 151–54
Hutcheson, Francis (1694–1746), 17, 33, 43
bust of (Filippo della Valle), 43–44, 47n55, 335
Chair of Moral Philosophy, University of Glasgow, 16, 26, 33–34, 308
Concerning Beauty, Order, Harmony, Design, 33
Concerning Moral Good and Evil, 33
De naturali hominum socialitate, 289, 308
Francis Hutcheson (Antonio Selvi, after Allan Ramsay), 334–35
Francis Hutcheson (Allan Ramsay), 34, 335
Inquiry into the Original of Our Ideas of Beauty and Virtue, 33–34
medallion of (Isaac Gosset, after Allan Ramsay), 335
portrait of (Allan Ramsay), 46–47n37
students of, 33–35, 40, 43, 312
System of Moral Philosophy, 33
Hutton, James (1726–1797), 34, 406
Theory of the Earth, 406
Hutton, John, sale of (1764), 289
Huygens, Christiaan (1629–1695), 308
Hymenoptera (bees, wasps, and ants), 382
bees (genus Apis and Nomada), drawer of, 130, 132, 390–91
I
Ibn Jazla, Abū ‘Alī Yahyā Ibn ‘Isā (aka Ben Gesla or Byngazlawas) (d. 1100), 300
Taqwīm al-abdān fī tadbīr al-insān, 300
Idolum Tangutanum (unknown artist, Tibetan), 298–99
Illingworth, Sir Charles (1899–1991), 97
Ingenhousz, Jan (1730–1799), 166, 174–75n27, 398
letter to George Fordyce, 23 April 1783, 179
insects, Hunter collection of, 21, 129–32, 161, 354–55, 358–59, 382–84, 389
contributors to, 382, 389, 393–94
drawers for, 130, 382–83, 385, 388–89, 389, 391
duplicates culled from, 382–83
fabricated specimens in, 397–98
and Guillaume-Antoine Olivier, 131–32, 383
in Hunter’s wills, 31, 73, 192
and Johann Fabricius, 129–32, 135, 166, 354–56, 382–83, 391
—— as curator of, 130–32, 354, 382–83, 386, 397, 405
and Joseph Banks, 393–94
preservation of specimens in, 132, 359, 391, 394–95
—— repair and replacements, 392, 394
survival of, 355, 391
taxonomy developed from, 129, 131–32, 140n27, 383
Trustee Catalogue of Insects (Matthew Baillie), 383–84, 385
and William Wood, 166, 391–92. See also Coleoptera; Hymenoptera; Lepidoptera
intestines, 244
the arteries and veins of the intestines: ileum (Hunter and assistants), 236
the arteries of the intestine (Hunter and assistants), 236
the arteries of the intestine (Hunter and assistants), 246–47
the arteries of the intestine (Hunter and assistants), 246–47
the arteries of the intestine (Hunter and assistants), 246–47
instruments in Hunter collection: for cataract removal, 239
in English will, 31, 73
obstetrical forceps (unknown maker), 199
Ireland, Samuel (1744–1800): Doctors Dissecting (after John Hamilton Mortimer), 212, 227
“Irish elk” (Megaloceros giganteus), 362
Hunter interest in, 355, 362, 406
Isarlo, George, 282
J
Jahangir (1569–1627), Mughal Emperor, coinage of, 325
Jameson, Robert (1774–1854), 401–2, 405
Jebb, Dr John (1736–1786), 335
Jenty, Charles Nicholas (active 1720–70), 124n16, 270
attitude of the fetus, breach presentation, first position, cord around neck (polychrome plaster cast) (attrib. Jenty and assistants), 137, 249, 251, 270
attitude of the fetus, breach presentation, first position, cord around neck (polychrome plaster cast) (attrib. Jenty and assistants), 249–50, 271
The Demonstrations of a Pregnant Uterus of a Woman at her Full Time, 113–15, 124nn16 and 18, 248, 251, 270
—— illustrated in mezzotint, 114, 251, 270
—— illustrated by Rymsdyk, 114, 250–51, 270–71
—— plaster casts related to, 251, 270–71
—— third table (Thomas Burgess after Rymsdyk), 114
John VIII Palaeologos (reigned 1425–1448), Byzantine Emperor, 334
John VIII Palaeologos (Pisanello), 324, 334
Johnson, Samuel (1709–1784), 76, 163, 174n18
Dictionary of the English Language, 18, 98, 98, 163
—— definition of “book”, 100
—— definition of “collection”, 101–2
—— definition of “dictionary”, 163
—— definition of “encyclopaedia”, 170
—— definition of “library”, 98–100, 99
A Journey to the Western Isles of Scotland, 174n18
Prefaces, Biographical and Critical to the Works of the English Poets, 99, 99
Johnstoun, John (active 1714–1749), 34, 46n26
Jones, Inigo (1573–1652): anatomy theatre, Royal College of Physicians, 225
Jones, William (1745–1818), 385
“Icones”, 386
Jordanova, Ludmilla, 67, 110, 200, 250
Jurin, James (bap. 1684–1750), 86
K
Kaeppler, Adrienne L., 149–50, 152
Kames, Henry Home, Lord (1696–1782), 146, 336–37
Kangxi, Emperor of China (reigned 1661–1722), 321
Kemp, Martin, 337, 352
Kepler, Johannes (1571–1630), 308
kidneys, 229, 244
tuberculosis of the kidney (Hunter and assistants), 229, 244–45
tuberculosis of the kidney: hydronephrosis (Hunter and assistants), 229, 244–45
tuberculosis of the kidney and ureter: advanced (Hunter and assistants), 229, 244–45
tuberculosis of the kidney and ureter: very advanced (Hunter and assistants), 229, 244–45
King, James (1750–1784), 152
Kircher, Athanasius (1601–1680), 162
Kirk, John (1724?–1778?), 325
Kneller, Sir Godfrey (1646–1723), 278
in Hunter collection, 19, 46n5, 81
John Radcliffe, 46n5, 81, 82, 89n40, 275, 278
John Radcliffe, 83, 89n42
Sir Isaac Newton, 81, 82, 89n40, 275, 278, 308, 316
Sir Isaac Newton, portraits of, 278
Walter Charleton, 81, 82, 89n40, 275, 278
Kohl, Jakob (1734–1788): Emperor Franz I Stephan with the Directors of His Collections (with Franz Messmer), 165
Köhler, Johann Valentin Heinrich (d. 1796), 136
catalogue of Justus Christian Loder collection, 136–38, 137
König, Johann Gerhard (1728–1785), 382
Koninck, Philips (1619–1688): Landscape in Holland, 18, 275, 279
Joost van den Vondel, portrait of, 279
Koran, the, 297
al-Qur’ān (sūras 1–3), 297
L
“Lady’s Head, A” (unknown artist), 282
Lafage, Raymond (1656–1684), 217
Lahde, Gerhard Ludvig (1765–1833): Johann Christian Fabricius, 129
Larche, Nicholas (1602–1665), 214
Laskey, Captain John: General Account of the Hunterian Museum, Glasgow, 21, 146–47, 153, 352, 354–55, 357
—— ethnographic artefacts in, 147, 153–56
—— fossils in, 406
—— insects in, 355, 397
—— minerals in, 402
—— reptiles and fish in, 311, 355
—— shells in, 355, 367, 370–74, 380
“Rare Shells”, 370
Latham, John (1740–1837), 357
A General Synopsis of Birds, 357
Lauraguais, Louis-Léon-Félicité de Brancas, duc de, sale of (1770), 96
Lavoisier, Antoine (1743–1794), 308
Lawrence, Christopher, 179
Lawrence, Susan C., 196
Le Bas, Jacques Philippe (1707–1783), 275, 281
Le Cat, Claude-Nicolas (1700–1768), 251
Le Dran, Henri François (1685–1770), 17, 77
Traité des opérations de chirurgie, 77
Lee, James (d. 1795), 383
Le Franc, Martin (c. 1410–1461): L’estrif de fortune et vertu, 172, 172, 301–3
—— note by Hunter within, 172, 172, 302, 303
Le Nain, Mathieu (1607–1677): Peasant Family at a Well (La marchande de légume) (attrib.), 166, 275, 281–82
—— engraving (James Mitchell after), 275, 281
Le Nain brothers, 281–82
Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519), 214, 313, 334, 352
anatomical drawings by, 67, 211, 313, 319
—— the cranium sectioned (recto); —— the skull sectioned (verso), 67, 68
Trattato della pittura di Lionardo da Vinci … (Raphael Trichet du Fresne), 313
Leoniceno, Niccolò (1428–1524): De Plinii et plurium aliorum medicorum in medicina erroribus, 78
Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths), 382
blue tiger butterfly (Papilio similis now Tirumala hamata hamata), 383, 293–94
Charleton Brimstone butterfly, 397
clearwing swallowtail butterfly (female) (Papilio harmonia now Cressida cressida), 395
clearwing swallowtail butterfly (male) (Papilio cressida now Cressida cressida), 395, 396
Eastern black swallowtail butterfly (Papilio polyxenes), 391–92
lycaenid (Thecla dindymus), 382
Madagascan pipevine swallowtail butterfly (Papilio antenor now Pharmacophagus antenor), 392–93
Rhetenor blue morpho butterfly (Morpho rhetenor), 394
Zebra longwing butterfly (Papilio caritonia now Heliconius charitonia), 393
Leroy de Barde, Alexandre-Isidore (1777–1828): Minéraux cristallisés, 402
Le Roy, Julien-David (1724–1803): Ruines des plus beaux monuments de la Grèce, 18
Letherland, Dr Joseph (1699–1764), sale of library, 300, 303
Lever, Sir Ashton (1729–1788), 402
Holophusicon museum, 20, 149, 402
library of William Hunter, 39, 77, 91–106, 160–61, 210–11, 276, 288–90
annotations by Hunter in books, 51, 63, 100–102
bindings, 93, 292, 306
bindings, crest on, 93, 93, 292, 306
culling of, 289
dictionaries in, 162–63, 174n13
Encyclopédie (Diderot and Alembert) in, 28, 163, 174n16, 310–11
Hunter collecting for, 20, 89n43, 96, 161, 174n2, 288–89
—— from James Douglas, archives and packets, 49–51, 53, 62, 69n1, 211, 222, 288, 355
—— from Richard Mead library, 77–80, 88n17, 92, 316
—— from Theophilus Bayer collection, 92, 289
and Hunter on libraries and book collections, 102–5
in Hunter’s wills, 31, 73, 192, 289–90
illuminated manuscripts in, 161, 288–89, 292–96, 300
incunabula in, 80, 289, 301, 304–5, 308
“List of Books Lent” (Hunter), 99, 99, 291
at University of Glasgow: original housing of, 91–92
—— assessment of, 1870s, 91–92
—— Hunterian Library bookplate (J. Scott, after unknown artist), 43, 44. See also anatomy school and building, Great Windmill Street, library in; University of Glasgow Library, Archives and Special Collections.
Lightfoot, Reverend John (1735–1788), 370, 380
Lind, Alexander, 37
Linnaeus, Carl (Carl von Linné; 1707–1778), 129, 154, 167, 397
Linnaean system, 146, 374, 397
students of, 129, 377, 383
Systema naturae, 289, 368, 397
Lister, Martin (1639–1712), 369
Historiae Conchyliorum, 369
Liston, Jeff, 406
Locke, John (1632–1704), 277
Loder, Justus Christian (1753–1832), 21, 129, 136–39
anatomy museum in Moscow established by, 137–38, 141n55
—— catalogue of, 138–38, 138
casts of deformed pelvises, 136, 138
catalogue of anatomy collection (Köhler), 136–38, 137
Justus Christian Loder (Johann Heinrich Tischbein), 136
plaster casts of dissected pregnant women, 136–38
selling replicas of Hunter casts, 137
Lorris, Guillaume de (active 1230–38): Le Roman de la Rose (with Jean de Meun), 294
Louis XIV, King of France, (1638–1715), 315
Louis XV, King of France (1710–1774), 84, 284, 287, 289, 304, 408
Louis XVI, King of France (1754–1793), 324
Ludolf of Saxony (d. 1378): Vita Christi, 289, 294–95
—— trans. Guillaume le Ménard, 294
Luisini, Luigi, 77
Lyell, Charles (1797–1875): Principles of Geology, 406
lymphatics, 228, 234, 244
Hunter’s investigation of, 228, 234
the lymphatics of the intestine: lacteals of a porpoise, 228, 234, 244
and Alexander Monro secundus, 231
M
MacKenna R. O., 96
MacLaurin, Colin (1698–1746): An Account of Sir Isaac Newton’s Philosophical Discoveries, 309
Mai, known as Omai (c. 1751–1780), 144
Omai, a Polynesian (William Hodges), 144, 145
Maître François, 294
Major, Thomas (1720–1799), 276, 284
proof after letters for The Gravid Uterus, plate III (after Rymsdyk), 276, 284, 255
man-midwives. See accoucheurs
Manningham, Sir Richard (1690–1759), 221
Manutius, Aldus (1449–1515), 96, 289. See also Aldine Press
Maori people, 146–47
art and artefacts of, 147–49, 339–41
—— cloak, 340–41
—— hand club (patu paraoa), 339
—— knife (maripi), 339
—— paddle (hoe), 148–49, 340
—— two-handed weapon (taiaba), 340
paddles (hoe), in collections, 148–49, 340
paddles from New Zealand, three (Sydney Parkinson), 148–49, 149
Portrait of a New Zealand Man (Sydney Parkinson), 147, 147
“Various kinds of Instruments Utensils &c., of the Inhabitants of New Zealand …” (T. Chambers after S. H. Grimm), 147, 148, 149
Marlborough, Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of (1706–1758), 96
Mariette, Pierre-Jean (1694–1774), 20, 58, 217, 319
Martin, Thomas of Palgrave (1696/97–1771), 294
Martini, Friedrich Heinrich Wilhelm (1729–1778), 369
Mary, Queen of Scots (1542–1587), 291
Massey, Lyle, 110, 113
Masson, Francis (1741–1805), 382, 389
mastodon (Mammut americanum), 406–8
discovery of, 229, 406
mastodon tooth, 362, 408–9
mastodon tusk, 362, 406, 408–9
as “Ohio incognitum”, 229, 362, 406
remains given to Royal Society, 406, 408
Maynard, Lady Charlotte (née Bishopp) (c. 1731–1762), 286
Lady Maynard (Joshua Reynolds), 286
Maynard, Sir William, 4th baronet (1751–1824), 286
McCormack, Helen, 65–66, 160, 209, 337
Mead, Elizabeth. See Nicholls
Mead, Matthew (c.1630–1699), 75–76
Mead, Dr Richard (1673–1754), 18, 56–57, 75–86, 316
and Allan Ramsay, 38, 66, 80
collections of, 19, 27, 38, 84, 352
—— coins, 84
—— Egyptian mummies, 18, 83, 133, 141n35, 316
—— fine art, 76, 78, 81, 212, 274, 278
—— library, 76–80, 86, 88n16, 166, 219, 288
collections, sales of, 18, 76–78, 81, 84–85, 88nn16 and 30, 166, 203, 212, 274–75, 288, 316
—— A Catalogue of the Genuine and Entire Collection … of the late Doctor Mead … , 316
—— of coins, 325
—— of library, 78, 304, 316
—— of pictures, 81, 89n40, 278, 316
death of, 75–76, 85
dining club of, 66–67, 76, 80, 87n13
Discourse on the Small Pox and Measles, 87n8
Dr Richard Mead (Bernard Baron, after Allan Ramsay), 317
editing of William Cowper’s Myotomia reformata, vol. 2 by; 80–81, 85, 89n36, 210–11, 216, 219
and Hunter, 16, 27, 67, 75, 77–81, 85
Hunter’s acquisitions from collections of, 18, 27, 75, 77–83, 88n17, 133, 141n35, 166, 211, 216, 219, 228, 275, 278, 296, 304354, 400n2
manuscripts of, 78
physician to George II and Queen Caroline, 76, 84, 316
portraits of (Allan Ramsay), 317
Richard Mead (Allan Ramsay, with studio), 78, 78
Richard Mead (Arthur Pond), 75, 75
Rubens owned by, 65, 71nn72–74, 278
Meckel, Philipp Friedrich Theodor (1755–1803), 20
medals, Hunter collection of, 161, 169, 170, 175n47, 274, 286, 324–25: cataloguing of, 29
in Hunter’s wills, 31, 73, 192
Francis Hutcheson (Antonio Selvi after Allan Ramsay), 334–35
John VIII Palaeologos (Pisanello), 324, 334
William Hunter (Edward Burch), 74, 74, 87n2;
Meijers, Debora J., 164
Melanesian artefacts. See under Fiji, New Caledonia, Vanuatu
Ménard, Guillaume le: trans. of Ludolf of Saxony’s Vita Christi, 289, 294
Mercator, Gerardus (1512–1594), 289
Merian, Maria Sybilla (1647–1717), 164
Messmer, Franz (1728–1773): Emperor Franz I Stephan with the Directors of His Collections (with Jakob Kohl), 165
Meun, Jean de (c. 1240–c. 1305): Le Roman de la Rose (with Guillaume de Lorris), 294
Meyer, Mr, 354
Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475–1564), 214
Millar, Andrew (1707–1768), 312
Millar, John (1735–1801), 146, 192, 336–37
Origin of the Distinction of Ranks, 336
Millar, John (1760–1795), 337n2
trustee of Hunter’s Scottish will, 42, 180, 192, 336
Miller, John Frederick (active 1772–96): Tools &c from the South Sea Isles, 145, 145
Milles, Jeremiah (1714–1784), 99, 291
Mills, Andrew, 346
Milne, J. G., 84
mineral specimens, Hunter collection of, 19, 161, 165–66, 174–75n27, 398–400
acquisition of, 398–99, 400n2
Catalogue of Minerals (Hunter), 168, 168, 398–99
“An Examination of Various Ores in the Museum of Dr. William Hunter” (George Fordyce and Stanesby Alchorne), 403
expenditures for, 398–99, 404
George Fordyce studying, 21, 399
gift by Lady St Aubyn, 19, 160, 165, 174n6, 291, 354, 398–99, 401–2
in Hunter’s wills, 31, 73, 192
invoice for minerals (Jacob Forster), 165, 398, 404, 405
Trustee Catalogue of Minerals (c. 1789), 171, 398–99, 405.
mineral specimens in Hunter collection: acanthite crystal and silver bead, 399, 402–3
blue hemimorphite, 405
cassiterite crystals, with topaz crystals and fluorite, on quartz; and two cassiterite specimens, 399, 402
chalcopyrite, variety “blister ore”, 401
copper, intergrown with white quartz, 401
gold, variety electrum, in brownish quartz-rich rock, 405
quartz, variety chalcedony, 402
sulphur, 405
Missy, César de (1703–1775), 296
Mitchell, James (active 1766–1775): Peasant Family at a Well (after Mathieu Le Nain), 275, 281
plates for The Gravid Uterus, 275
Molini, Peter (1766?–1804?), 96
Monro primus, Alexander (1697–1767), 36–37, 57, 215
Alexander Monro of Auchenbowie (“Primus”), 1697–1767 (Allan Ramsay), 36, 46–47n37, 317
dispute with Hunter, 111, 124n9
letter from Hunter, March 1764, 38, 111, 116, 124n9
as Hunter’s professor, 16, 36–38, 166, 231
and Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, 47n42, 317
Monro secundus, Alexander (1733–1817), 231
dispute with Hunter, 37–38, 229, 231–32, 239
essay on lymphatics, 231
Observations, Anatomical and Physiological, Wherein Dr. Hunter’s Claim to Some Discoveries Is Examined, 229, 231, 232
Monson, Lady Anne (1726–1776), 383
Morgan, John (1735–1789), 85–86, 271–72
Morin d’Hérouville, Antoine Benjamin, sale of (1780), 289
Mortimer, John Hamilton (1740–1779), 227
Doctors Dissecting, 212, 226–27
—— etching (Samuel Ireland after), 212, 227
Moser, George Michael (1706–1783), 208–9
bronze cast of écorché, 208
William Hunter (attrib., after Mason Chamberlin), 209, 211
Mountrasore, Mr, 354
Mowbray, Sir Roger de (d. 1188), 292
mummies, Egyptian, 83
donated to the Royal Society, 83, 89n44
in Hunter collection (formerly Mead’s), 18, 83, 89n46, 133, 141n35, 316
Rudolf Erich Raspe on, 132–33
Munk, William (1816–1898), 84
Murphy, Kathleen S., 130
museum of William Hunter, Great Windmill Street, London, 20, 31–32, 127–28, 135, 160–61, 194, 226, 274, 291, 336, 398
design for (Robert Mylne), 19, 32, 46n12, 127, 161, 189, 189, 277, 398
cataloguing and arranging collections within, 29, 95, 130–31, 135, 167–68, 192, 389
foreign visitors to, 127–31, 135, 138–39, 389
Johann Fabricius on, 25, 130, 367, 383
The Resurrection or an Internal View of the Museum in W-d-m-ll Street, on the last Day (Thomas Rowlandson), 212, 226
use after Hunter’s death, 28–29, 31, 192, 228. See also Hunter, William, wills of; Hunterian Museum
Mylne, Robert (1733–1811), 19, 189, 276, 314
Almack’s Assembly Rooms, King Street, London, 189
Blackfriars Bridge, 18–19, 189
drawing of buildings for Hunter’s collections, Great Windmill Street, London, 19, 32, 46n12, 127, 161, 189, 277, 398
Mylne, William (1734–1790): Jamaica Bridge, 19
N
Nanteuil, Robert (1623–1678), 315–16
John Evelyn, 277n6, 315, 316
Portraits de Nanteuil (unknown bookbinder), 277n6, 315, 316
Nelson, David (d. 1789), 382
New Caledonia, Melanesia, 146, 149–50, 348
hand club, 348
Kanak people of, 150, 348
war club, probably collected by Johann Reinhold Forster, 150, 150
Newton, Sir Isaac (1642–1727), 33, 53, 76
An Account of Sir Isaac Newton’s Philosophical Discoveries (Colin MacLaurin), 309
Lectiones opticae, 309
and Newtonianism, 308
Opticks, 308–9
Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica, 289, 308–10
Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica, editio secunda auctior et emendata, 308–10
Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica, editio tertia aucta et emendata, 308–10
portraits of (Godfrey Kneller), 278
—— Sir Isaac Newton (Godfrey Kneller) 81, 82, 89n40, 275, 278, 308, 316
and Richard Mead, 85–86, 278
New Zealand, Polynesia, 143, 145–48, 348, 370
paddles from New Zealand, three (Sydney Parkinson), 149, 149
“Various kinds of Instruments Utensils &c., of the Inhabitants of New Zealand …” (T. Chambers after S. H. Grimm), 148, 149. See also under Maori people
Nichols, John (1745–1826), 325, 335
Nicholls, Elizabeth (née Mead) (c. 1705–1798), 76, 84
Nicholls, Frank (1699–1778), 38, 66, 77, 84
and anatomical preparations, 56, 75, 85–86, 229
Frank Nicholls (attrib. Thomas Hudson), 85
and Hunter, 16, 38, 56, 75, 84–85
and anatomical lectures, 38, 84–85
nilgai (Boselephas tragocamelus), 360–61
“An Account of the Nyl-ghau …” (Hunter), 172, 355, 360–61
dissection and preparations by William and John Hunter, 172, 355, 361
—— eye of the “Neel Ghaw” (William and John Hunter), 172, 173, 360–61
gifted to Queen Charlotte, 172, 360–61
The Nilgai (George Stubbs), 20, 172, 173, 360, 362, 364–65
“Nyl-ghau” (James Basire, after George Stubbs), 172, 173, 210, 361
presentation to the Royal Society by Hunter, 20, 172
Noguez, Pierre (c. 1685–?), 228
Noortwyk, Willem (c. 1713–1777), 17, 57
Uteri humani gravidi anatome et historia, 57
Norfolk, Henry Howard, 6th Duke of (1628–1684), 83
Northcote, James (1746–1831), 209
O
Ogilvie, David, 387
Olivier, Guillaume-Antoine (1756–1814), 129, 131, 383, 385, 389
Entomologie, ou Histoire naturelle des insectes, 131, 131, 386
Guillaume-Antoine Olivier (Ambroise Tardieu), 131
Oram, William (d. 1777), 81, 88n30, 89n40
ores. See mineral specimens, Hunter collection of
Otaheite. See Tahiti
O-Too, Otoo (Tahitian chief) (c. 1753–1803), 338
“Otoo” (John Hall, after William Hodges), 338, 338
Oxford, Edward Harley, 2nd Earl of (1689–1741), 325
P
Pacific North-west Coast, North America. See Alutiiq people, Alaska; Yuquot People (Nuu-Chah-Nulth)
paintings, Hunter collection of, 19–20, 31–33, 39, 160–61, 174n2, 189, 274–77
George Stubbs, commissions to, 20, 46n18, 172
George Stubbs in collection, 20, 46n18, 144, 360, 363–64
Hunter on art and aesthetics, 275–77
in Hunter’s wills, 31, 73, 179, 192
Old Masters in, 17–18, 20, 166, 274–75
portraits in, 275–76, 278
and Robert Strange’s collection, 20, 166, 274–76
Rubens in, 19, 280–81. See also under individual artists
Pallas, Peter Simon (1741–1811), 365, 382
Elenchus zoophytorum, 380
and the nilgai, 360–61
Panckoucke, Charles-Joseph (1736–1798), 310
parade shield (unknown maker), 336–37, 352–53
Park, Katherine, 112
Parkinson, Stanfield, 147, 149
Parkinson, Sydney (c. 1745–1771), 147
collection of, 149, 153, 354, 367, 376
paddles from New Zealand, three (drawing), 148–49, 149
A Journal of a Voyage to the South Seas, in His Majesty’s Ship, the Endeavour, 147, 153
—— “Various Instruments, & Utensils, of the Natives of Otaheite, & of the adjacent Islands” (W. Darling after S. H. Grimm), 147, 148
—— “Various kinds of Instruments Utensils &c., of the Inhabitants of New Zealand …” (T. Chambers after S. H. Grimm), 147, 148, 149
Portrait of a New Zealand Man, 147, 147
Pars, Albert (active 1759–1767): bronze cast of écorché (after Spang), 208
Parsons, James (1705–1770), 51, 86, 355
drawings of a rhinoceros, 56, 355
Pasinelli, Lorenzo (1629–1700): St Apollonia, 275
Paul, Robert (1738–1770): village of Bothwell (engraving) (after Charles Cordiner), 186
Payne, Linda, 249
Pemberton, Henry (1694–1771), 80
Pennant, Thomas (1726–1798), 361, 365
Antiquities and Scenery of the North of Scotland …, 186
History of Quadrupeds, 361
Remarkable Ruins, and Romantic Prospects, of North Britain, 186
Synopsis of Quadrupeds, 361, 406
Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia: drawings by Jan van Rymsdyk sent to, 271
plaster casts of dissections of pregnant women, sent to, 249, 251, 270–71
Peters, Mr, 354
Peter the Great (1672–1725), Czar of Russia, 161
collection of, 164, 215
Petiver, James (c. 1665–1718), 53, 61
Philip II of Macedon (247–49 CE), 324
Philosophical Transactions, journal of The Royal Society, 49, 76, 210: “An Account of the Nyl-ghau...” (Hunter), 172, 355, 360–61
barnacles, paper on (John Ellis), 374
chemistry, papers on (Fordyce), 399, 403
“Experiments Made in Order to Ascertain the Nature of Some Mineral Substances” (Peter Woulfe), 398, 404–5
the flamingo, paper on (James Douglas), 61
mammal bones in the Gibraltar breccia, paper on (Hunter), 355
the mastodon, paper on (Hunter), 190, 355, 406
mummy of the Society, report on, 84
sea-lily, live, letter on (John Ellis), 381
Piles, Roger de (d. 1709), 277
Pine, John (1690–1756), 185
Pine, Robert Edge (1730–1788), 185, 276
Dorothea Hunter, Mrs James Baillie, 18, 180, 185, 276, 277n3
Reverend James Baillie, 18, 180, 185, 276, 277n3
Hunter, portrait of, 183, 185, 211
Pingo, Thomas (1714–1776), 87n2
Piranesi, Giovanni Battista (1720–1778), 276
Della magnificenza e d’architettura de’ Romani, 19, 314
Vasi, Candelabri, Cippi, Sarcofagi … , 20
Pisanello (Antonio Pisano) (c. 1395–1455): John VIII Palaeologos, 324, 334
Pitcairn, David (1749–1809), 29, 184
trustee of Hunter’s English will, 21, 28–29, 42, 168, 192
Pitcairn, Elizabeth (née Almack), 29, 46n9
Pitcairn, Dr William (1712–1791), 78, 88n21
Pius VI, Pope (reigned 1775–99), 324
placentae, 229, 237
placentulae, 229, 237
fetal part of the placentula of a cow (Hunter and assistants),229, 236–37
Plato (c. 429–347 BCE), 300
Aldine edition, Omnia Platonis Opera, 96–97, 96
Phaedo, 191
Plautus, Titus Maccius (d. 184 BCE): Comedies, 77
Playfair, John (1748–1819), 406
Pliny the Elder (23–79 CE), 78
De Plinii et plurium aliorum medicorum in medicina erroribus (Niccolò Leoniceno), 78
Naturalis historia, 162–63, 174n14, 288, 304–5
Pluym, Carel van der (1625–1672): “A Philosopher in His Study” (attrib.), 282
Pointer, John (bap. 1668–1754): Oxoniensis academia, 81
Polynesian artefacts. See under Easter Island; Hawai’ian Islands; Maori people; New Zealand; Society Islands; Tahiti; Tonga
Pond, Arthur (c. 1705–1758), 76
Richard Mead, 75, 75
Pope, Alexander (1688–1744), 66, 76, 80, 222
The Dunciad, 49, 51, 54
—— on James Douglas, 66, 69n9, 80
The First Epistle of the First Book of Horace Imitated, 80
Porter, Solomon (d. 1771), 209
Portland, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck, Duchess of (1715–1785): catalogues of collections, 370, 380
collections of, 382, 389
Portland sale, 380
shell collection of, 166, 355, 367, 370, 380
Portrait of an Unidentified Gentleman (unknown artist), 79, 79, 81, 88n30, 213, 275, 278
Poussin, Nicolas (1594–1665), 214
Powle, George (active 1764–1773), engravings for The Gravid Uterus: plate XXXIV, annotated proof before letters for (after Rymsdyk), 251, 268–69
plate XXXIV, proof after letters for (after Rymsdyk), 122, 122, 251, 269
Pringle, Sir John (1707–1782), 41, 47n49, 179
prints and drawings, in Hunter collection, 53, 160, 210–11, 234
in Hunter’s wills, 31, 73, 192. See also library of William Hunter; paintings, in Hunter collection
Ptolemies, 104–5, 324
Ptolemy (c. 100–c. 170 CE), 308
the Almagest, 308
Ptolemy Physcon (c. 182–116 BCE), 104–5
Pulteney, Dr Richard (1730–1801), 367, 370
Pynson, Richard (c. 1449–1529/30), 91, 305
edition of Ars moriendi, 305
edition of Chaucer’s The Boke of the Tales of Canterburie, 100–101, 101
Q
Quattuor Evangelia (Byzantine Empire), 296
R
Racine, Jean (1639–1699), 99
Radcliffe, John (1650–1714), 76, 81
John Radcliffe (Godfrey Kneller), 46n5, 81, 82, 89n40, 275, 278
John Radcliffe (second version) (Godfrey Kneller), 83, 89n42
and Mead, 76, 81
statue of (John Michael Rysbrack), 83, 83
Radcliffe Camera, University of Oxford, 46n5, 81–83, 89n42
“Depiction of the Opening of the Radcliffe Library …” (George Vertue), 83
Raleigh, Sir Walter (c. 1554–1618), 303
Ramsay, Allan (1713–1784), 36–37, 76, 178, 183, 275–77, 282, 284
Alexander Monro of Auchenbowie (“Primus”), 1697–1767, 36, 46–47n37, 317
Dialogue on Taste, 277
Dr Richard Mead (Bernard Baron after), 317
Earl of Hopetoun, portrait of, 317
Francis Hutcheson, 34, 46–47n37, 335
Francis Hutcheson (Antonio Selvi after), 334–35
Francis Hutcheson, medallion of (Isaac Gosset after), 335
The Investigator, 19
Painter-in-Ordinary to the King, 19, 178, 181n1
Richard Mead (with studio of Ramsay), 78, 78
Richard Mead, portraits of, 317
William Hunter, 19, 33, 178, 182–83, 184, 194, 203, 211, 276, 277n3
—— drawings for, 183
Raspe, Rudolf Erich (1736–1794), 89n46, 129
Critical Essay on Oil-Painting, 133, 133
on German volcanoes, 314
and Hunter’s mummy, 132–33
Rudolf Erich Raspe, (James Tassie), 132
Ratcliffe, John (1707–1776): book collection, 289, 305
Rau, Johann Jacob (1638–1719), 56
Ravenet, Simon François (1721–1774), engravings for The Gravid Uterus, 115
plate I (after Rymsdyk), 116, 117, 123
Raynald, Thomas (active 1539–52?), 100
Rehbinder, Baron Johan (1684–1747), 299
Reid, Thomas (1710–1796), 44, 188
Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn (1606–1669): and 18th c. demand for paintings, 274, 279, 282
Passion series, 282
Sketch for the Entombment, 20, 166, 166, 275, 280, 282, 399
works attributed to, 17–18, 275, 279, 282
Renard, Louis (c. 1678–1746), 311
Poissons, ecrevisses et crabes, 311
Reni, Guido (1575–1642): The Virgin Sewing, 275
Republic of Letters, 165, 290
Revett, Nicholas (1721–1804): Classical Antiquities of Athens (with James Stuart), 19
Reynolds, Sir Joshua (1723–1792), 276
The Archers, 280
art collection of, 274, 280–82
Discourses on Art, 144, 277
in Hunter collection, 19, 46n18, 276
Lady Maynard, 286
Nelly O’Brien, portraits of, 46n18
portrait of, in Royal Academy, 209
and Royal Academy, 33, 35, 179, 204–5, 209, 280
William Hunter, 21, 178–79, 183–84, 211, 276
rhinoceros, 56–57, 134, 366
depictions of, 56–57, 134, 355, 366
Rhinoceros (Albrecht Dürer), 56
Rhinoceros (George Stubbs), 366
Roman coin with rhinoceros, 134, 135
skull of a rhinoceros (Petrus Camper), 134, 135
two-horned rhinoceros, left profile (Petrus Camper), 134, 366
Richardson, Jonathan, the Elder (1667–1745), 66, 76
Richardson, William, 202
Richmond, Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of, 362
Richter, Mark, 250, 251n6
Rodney, Admiral (1718–1792), 324
Rogers, Charles (1711–1784), 276, 318
A Collection of Prints in Imitation of Drawings, 276, 318–19, 319
Rolfe, George, 54
femur lent to James Douglas, 54, 55, 63
Rolt, Richard (1724–1770), 163
A Dictionary of Trade and Commerce, 174n19
Roos, Anna Marie, 86
Rosa, Salvator (1615–1673): Laomedon Detected (attrib.), 20, 320
Rosetta Stone, cast of, 147, 155
Roslin, Alexander (1718–1793), 276, 287
Isabella, Countess of Hertford, 234, 276–77, 286–87
Roth, Chrétien Frédéric Guillaume: “Essai d’un distribution généalogique des sciences et des art principaux”, 171, 171
Roubiliac, Louis-François (d. 1762), 206
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques (1712–1778), 19, 164, 310, 312
Du contrat social, 19
Rowlandson, Thomas (1756–1827), 212, 226
The Resurrection or an Internal View of the Museum in W-d-m-ll Street, on the last Day, 212, 226
Royal Academy of Arts, 18, 20–21, 67, 196
Council Room of, 184, 209
—— portraits in, 209
écorché for (Hunter), 20, 184, 205–9
exhibitions, 20–21, 183
founding of, 19, 204, 208, 274, 276–77, 318
Hunter as professor of anatomy, 19–20, 33–34, 74, 81, 144, 196, 204–5, 210–12, 226, 250, 276, 320
Sir Joshua Reynolds as president, 33, 204–5, 209, 280
keeper of schools, 208–9
members of, 144, 287
move to Somerset House, 21, 184, 209
Royal Academy diploma (Francesco Bartolozzi, after Giovanni Battista Cipriani), 204
students of, 20, 226. See also Moser, George Michael; Zoffany, Johan
Royal College of Physicians, 30, 197, 205
anatomy theatre (Inigo Jones), 225
fellows of, 29, 76, 84
Hunter as licentiate of, 18
Hunter as a member, 18, 225, 250
mummy donated by Richard Mead, 83, 89n44
paintings in, 278–79
presidents of, 76, 88n21
protest against, 19
Royal College of Surgeons in London (previously Company of Surgeons): collection of John Hunter purchased for, 21, 28, 30–32, 46n7
as The Hunterian Museum, London, 46n7
Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, 47n42, 317
Royal Society, the, 30, 53, 61, 76, 85–86, 314, 387
anatomical research, presentations of, 210
Captain Cook commissioned by, 338
catalogue of holdings, 167
fellows of, 29, 49, 53, 76, 83–84, 165, 312, 320, 335, 377
frogs, discussion on, 59
Hunter attending meetings of, 16, 20, 210
Hunter as fellow of, 19, 38–84, 312
Hunter lectures at: “The Origin of Venereal Disease”, 20
—— on the nilgai, 20, 172
mummy in collection of, 83–84
presidents of, 41, 76, 179
secretary of, 76. See also Philosophical Transactions
Royal Society of Edinburgh, 406
Rubens, Peter Paul (1577–1640), 210
The Adoration of the Magi, 281
head studies, 281
Head Study of an Old Man with Curly Beard, 19, 65, 275, 280, 280–81
The History of Achilles, 65, 71nn72–73
The Story of Ulysses (Bernard Baron after), 65, 71n72
in Hunter collection, 19, 280–81
in Richard Mead collection, 65, 71nn72–74, 278
Théodore Turquet de Mayerne, portrait of, 71n74
Rumphius, Georg Eberhard (1627–1702), 369
D’Amboinsche rariteitkamer, 370
Rush, Benjamin (1746–1813), 271
Ruysch, Frederik (1638–1731), 37, 47n40, 56, 215
Opera omnia anatomico-medico-chirurgico, 215
preserving bodies, 57, 215
Ruysch, Rachel (1664–1750), 37
Rymsdyk, Jan van (d. 1790), 113
drawings of calculi, 233
drawings for William Smellie’s Sett of Anatomical Tables, 211, 223
—— table XV (Charles Grignion after), 114
illustrations for Charles Jenty’s The Demonstrations of a Pregnant Uterus of a Woman at her Full Time, 114, 250–51, 270–71
—— third table (Thomas Burgess after), 114
Museum Britannicum, 20
Rymsdyk, Jan van, illustrations for The Gravid Uterus, 17, 114–16, 119, 123, 124n10, 210, 220, 223, 248, 250, 252
plate I (Simon François Ravenet after), 116, 117, 123
plate II, drawing for, 115–16, 115, 254
—— proof after letters for (Louis Gérard Scotin after), 115, 121, 249, 254
plate III, drawing for, 116, 255
—— proof after letters for (Thomas Major after), 276, 284, 255
plate IV, drawing for, 116, 257
—— proof after letters for (Robert Strange after), 116, 117, 123, 166, 257
plate VI, drawing for, 114, 116, 220, 258–59
—— proof after letters for (Robert Strange after), 79–80, 110, 123, 166, 258–59
—— proof for (Robert Strange after), 79–80, 115, 166, 258–59
plate XIII, drawing for, 116, 260–61
plate XV, detail, fig. V (François-Germain Aliamet after), 117, 118
plate XVI, drawing for, 262
plate XVII, drawing for, 116, 263
plate XXVI, detail, fig. IV (François-Germain Aliamet after), 119, 120
plate XXXI, fig. II, drawing for, 116, 249, 267
—— proof for (detail), fig. II (Élie Du Mesnil after), 249, 266, 267
plate XXXIV, figs. I–III, three drawings for, 116, 268–69
—— annotated proof before letters for (George Powle after), 251, 268–69
proof after letters for (George Powle after), 122, 122, 251, 269
Rysbrack, John Michael (bap. 1684–1770): statue of John Radcliffe, 83, 83
S
Sacchi, Andrea (1599–1661): head study, 280
Sacheverell, Dr Henry, trial of, 50
St André, Nathaniel (c. 1680–1776), 221–22
letter to James Douglas, 29 November 1726, concerning the “Rabbit Woman” of Godalming, 221, 222, 288
A Short Narrative of an Extraordinary Delivery of Rabbits, 222
St Aubyn, Catherine Molesworth (1760–1836), 99, 291, 400n1
St Aubyn, Lady Elizabeth (née Wingfield) (d. 1796), 400n1
gives Hunter mineral collection, 19, 160, 165, 174n6, 291, 354, 398–99, 401–2
St Aubyn, Sir John, 5th baronet (1758–1839), 99, 291, 400n1
St George’s Hospital, London, 16, 56, 198
Hunter governor of, 18
St Martin’s Lane Academy, London, 16, 66–67, 210, 134, 276
écorché for (Hunter), 18, 205–7
established by William Hogarth, 224
Hunter lectures on anatomy at, 18, 67, 81, 206–7, 210, 224, 275
Samuel Baker’s, London, 77
sale of Richard Mead’s library, 77, 88n16
Samwell, David (1751–1798), 150, 154, 342
account of Captain Cook’s 3rd voyage, 150–51
David Samwell (Gilles-Louis Chrétien), 151
and Hunter, 150–54, 342, 350
on Tongan people, 150–51
Sandby, Paul (1731–1809), 276
Sandwich, John Montagu, 4th Earl of (1718–1792), 153
Sandys, Francis (1710–1771), 239
the anterior chamber of the eye, the ciliary body, and the iris, 169, 169, 228, 238–39
the arteries of the iris, 169, 169, 228, 239
the choroid and ciliary processes, and arteries of the iris, 169, 169, 228, 238–39
the crystalline lens in situ, 169, 169, 228, 239
preparations of the eye, 169, 169, 228
the sclerotic and choroid coats of the eye, 169, 169, 228, 238–39
Scarburgh, Sir Charles (1615–1694), 279
Sir Charles Scarburgh (J. Demetrio), 278–79
Schöffer, Peter (1425–1503), 289, 305
Schulz, Dr, 391
Scotin, Louis Gérard (1690–c. 1745), engravings for The Gravid Uterus, 115
plate II, proof after letters for (after Rymsdyk), 115, 121, 249, 254
Seba, Albertus (1665–1736): Locupletissimi rerum naturalium thesauri, 167
Selkirk, Dunbar Douglas, 4th Earl of (1722–1799), 335
Selvi, Antonio (1679–1753): Francis Hutcheson (after Allan Ramsay), 334–35
Seymour-Conway, Alicia (née Windsor), Viscountess Beauchamp (1749–1772), 280
Seymour-Conway, Isabella (née Fitzroy). See Hertford, Isabella Seymour-Conway, Countess of
Sforza, Ludovico, Duke of Milan (1452–1508), 352
Shackleton, John (d. 1767), 181n1
Shaftesbury, Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of (1671–1713), 277
Shakespeare, William (1564–1616): Cymbeline, 102
First Folio, 306
Shelburne, William Petty, 2nd Earl of (1737–1805), 408
Sheldon, John (1752–1808), 136
shells, Hunter collection of, 21, 161, 171, 347, 354–55, 367
additions from Duchess of Portland collection, 171, 355, 380
auction of duplicates, 21, 367, 382
cataloguing of, 355–56
in Hunter’s wills, 31, 73, 192
from John Fothergill’s collection, 21, 166, 171, 354, 367, 374, 382
Trustee Catalogue of the Shells (George Fordyce), 354–56, 367, 368, 370–72. See also coral and zoophytes
shells in Hunter collection: cone shells (Conus virgo), 369, 372–73
Cuban painted land snails (Polymita picta), two, 367, 380
Fothergill’s barnacle (Balanus Tulipiformis ex Corallio rubro now Megabalanus tulipiformis), 355, 374
Glory of the Seas cone shell (Conus gloriamaris), 371
golden cowrie shells (Cypraea aurora now Lyncina aurantium), two, 372–73
goldmouth turban shell (Turbo chrysostomus), 372–73
laciniate conch shell (Strombus sinuatus now Sinustrombus sinuatus), 370
leafy hornmouth shells (Murex foliatus now Ceratostoma foliatum), two, 372
Pacific volute shell (Voluta pacifica now Alcithoe arabica), 370
thorny oyster shells (Spondylus gaederopus), two, and Noah’s Ark shell (Arca noae), 374–75;
Shippen, William (1736–1808), 271–72: eulogy of, 271
as founder of medical college in Philadelphia, 19, 271
letter to Hunter, 5 November 1765, 250, 272
as student of Hunter, 18–19, 86, 250, 272
Simmons, Samuel Foart (1750–1813), 102, 249, 408
An Account of the Life and Writings of the Late William Hunter, M.D. F.R.S. and S.A., 51–52, 223
Simson, Robert (1687–1768), 34, 46n26
Sloane, Sir Hans (1660–1753), 53, 66, 76, 86, 216
bequest to found the British Museum, 27, 32, 39, 76, 167, 212, 288
collections of, 27, 32, 39, 76, 167, 173, 212
death of, 18
elephant offered to James Douglas for dissection by, 58
First Physician to George II, 76, 84
Royal Society, president of, 76
Royal College of Physicians, president of, 76
Smeathman, Henry (1742–1786), 382, 387, 389, 394
Smellie, William (1697–1763), 113
and Hunter, 16, 38, 51, 56, 113, 179, 223, 248, 355
Hunter acquiring Rymsdyk drawings for, 223, 250, 270
A Sett of Anatomical Tables with Explanations, 38, 113–15, 124nn18–19, 223, 248, 250, 288
—— drawings by Rymsdyk, 211, 223
—— engravings by Charles Grignion, 114
—— table XV (Charles Grignion after Rymsdyk), 114
Treatise, A Collection of Preternatural Cases and Observations in Midwifery, 124n15
Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Midwifery, 113, 223, 248
Smith, Adam (1723–1790), 26, 33, 312
An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, 20, 312
The Principles which Lead and Direct Philosophical Enquiries, 34–35
professor of moral philosophy, 44, 308
Smith, Bernard, 143
Smith, John Thomas (1766–1833): Nollekens and His Times, 208
Smith, Joseph (1673/4?–1770), 287
Smollett, Tobias (1721–1777): trans. of Voltaire’s collected works, 19
Snelling, Thomas (1712–1773), 325
Snyders, Frans (1579–1657): Still Life with Dead Game, 275, 280, 287
Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufacture and Commerce, 18, 21, 319
Hunter a fellow of, 18, 319
portrait of Hunter for (James Barry), 21, 183
Society of Antiquaries of London, 29, 161, 291, 319
Hunter a fellow of, 19, 210
Society of Antiquaries of Scotland: Hunter gift of Scottish coins to, 325
Hunter an honorary member of, 21
Society of Artists of Great Britain, 19, 206, 208, 276, 312, 363
Society of Collegiate Physicians, 19
Hunter as steward of, 19
Hunter as president of, 21
Society Islands, Polynesia, 144–45, 346–47
artefacts from, 145, 153, 156, 342
—— adze (to‘i ), 347
—— gorget (taumi ), 346–47
Tools &c from the South Sea Isles (John Frederick Miller), 145, 145. See also Mai (Omai)
Soemmerring, Samuel Thomas von (1755–1830), 129, 138, 140n14
Icones embryonum humanorum, 138
Samuel Thomas Sömmerring (J. V. Bender and F. W. Bollinger), 139
Solander, Daniel (1733–1782), 19, 354, 377, 380, 397
Ellis and Solander corals, 355–56
and insects for Hunter’s collection, 382
The Natural History of Many Curious and Uncommon Zoophytes (with John Ellis), 376, 377, 378–80
South Seas artefacts. See Melanesian artefacts; Polynesian artefacts; artefacts from the Pacific, Hunter collection of
Spang, Michael Henry (d. 1762), 206
wax écorché figure, 19, 206, 208, 211
—— bronze cast (Albert Pars after), 208
—— bronze casts after, 207–9, 207, 211
Spira, Johannes de (active 1468–77), 304, 305n1
Stark, William (1770–1813): Hunterian Museum, Glasgow, 21, 25, 26, 40, 40, 42, 192
—— first floor of proposed Hunterian Museum (after), 42, 42
—— ground floor of proposed Hunterian Museum (after), 42, 42
—— lower floor of proposed Hunterian Museum (after), 42, 43
Stephen, King of England (reigned 1035–54), 324
Sterne, Laurence (1713–1768), 94
The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman, 19, 93–94, 94, 307
—— illustrated by Hogarth, 307
Strange, Sir Robert (1721–1792), 17, 36–37, 251, 275–77
and Alexander Monro primus, 36, 166, 185
collection of, 20, 274–75, 281
exhibition, “A Collection of Pictures”, 1769, 20
Hunter and, 16, 166, 318
Hunter purchases from, 20, 166, 274–76, 282
sale, Christie’s, 274, 320
Strange, Sir Robert, engravings for The Gravid Uterus, 36, 115, 166, 251–52, 274
plate IV, after letters for (after Rymsdyk), 116, 117, 123, 166, 257
plate VI, proof after letters for (after Rymsdyk), 79–80, 110, 123, 166, 258–59
plate VI, proof for (after Rymsdyk), 79–80, 115, 166, 258–59
Stuart, Gilbert (1755–1828): Dr John Fothergill, 149
Stuart, James (1713–1788): Classical Antiquities of Athens (with Nicholas Revett), 19
Stuart, Prince Charles Edward (1720–1788), 17
Stubbs, George (1724–1806), 276, 365
Anatomy of the Horse, 19, 175n60, 276, 360, 362, 364–65
beeswax used in paintings by, 360n1, 362n1
A Blackbuck, 175n60, 276, 360, 362, 364–65
dissections of horses by, 175n60, 365, 365n1
and Hunter, commissions from and, 20, 144, 360, 363–64
and John Hunter, commissions from, 46n18, 363
depictions of kangaroo and dingo by, 144
The Moose, 20, 276, 360, 362, 365
The Nilgai, 20, 172, 173, 360, 362, 364–65
—— “Nyl-ghau” (James Basire after), 172, 173, 210, 361
Rhinoceros, 366
Zebra,175n60, 276, 360, 362–63, 365
Stukeley, William (1687–1765), 86
Swammerdam, Jan (1637–1680), 57
Swift, Jonathan (1667–1745): Works of Jonathan Swift, 78
Swift, John, 87n3, 202
Swinton, John (1703–1777), 20, 84
T
Tahiti, Polynesia, 144, 152, 155
artefacts from, 147, 149, 154–55, 342, 347–48
O-Too, Otoo (Tahitian chief), 338
“Otoo” (John Hall, after William Hodges), 338, 338
“Various Instruments, & Utensils, of the Natives of Otaheite, & of the adjacent Islands” (W. Darling after S. H. Grimm), 147, 148
A View of Matavai Bay, in the Island of Otaheite (William Hodges), 144
Tardieu, Ambroise (1788–1841): Guillaume-Antoine Olivier, 131
Tassie, James (1735–1799): Rudolf Erich Raspe, 132
Taylor, Charles (1756–1823), 21
Taylor, Robert (1710–1762), 81, 316
sale of library, 89n43, 316
Teacher, John H. (1869–1930), 230, 251n5
teeth, 229
eight teeth showing the parts of a tooth (John Hunter), 229, 240–41
of elephant, 229
formation and growth of teeth (John Hunter), 229, 240–41
mastodon tooth, 362, 408–9
The Natural History of the Human Teeth (John Hunter), 229, 240–41
teeth in transverse section, showing the pulp cavities (John Hunter), 229, 240–41
Terrall, Mary, 128
testicles, 231–32
dissected testicle, Opera omnia anatomico-medico-chirurgico (Frederik Ruysch), 215
testicle injected with mercury by the vas deferens (Hunter and assistants), 229, 231–32
Teyler, Johannes (1648–1709): rattlesnake (after Otto Marseus van Schrieck), 60, 61
Theocritus (active 270s BCE), 97
Theophrastus (c. 371–c. 287 BCE), 103–4
Thomas, K. Bryn, 54, 58
Thomson, James (1700–1748), 76
Thynne, William (d. 1546), 294
Tischbein, Johann Friedrich August (1750–1812): Justus Christian Loder, 136
Tischbein, Johann Heinrich Wilhelm (1751–1829): Pieter Camper, 134
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio) (c. 1488–1576), 79, 213
portrait of Vesalius (assumed), 79, 79, 213, 275, 278
Toft, Mary (c. 1701–1763), as “rabbit woman”, 54, 62, 67, 221–22, 288
Cunicularii or the Wise Men of Godliman in Consultation (William Hogarth), 67, 212, 221, 288
letter to James Douglas, 29 November 1726, concerning the “Rabbit Woman” of Godalming (Nathaniel St André), 221, 222, 288
A Short Narrative of an Extraordinary Delivery of Rabbits (Nathaniel St André), 222
Tonga, Polynesia, 149, 154, 346, 348, 372
basket (kato mosi kaka), 344–45
club (apa’apai ), 346
headrest (kali hahapo), 345
Tongan people, account of (David Samwell), 150–51
Trail, Robert (1720–1775), 188
Turgot, Anne Robert Jacques (1727–1781), 164, 310
turtles, 234
preparations, in Hunter collection, 234
preparation of the lung of a turtle (Hunter and assistants), 234–35
Preparation of the Lung of the Turtle (Frederick Birnie), 228, 234–35
Tyrwhitt, Thomas (1730–1786), 99, 291
edition of Chaucer’s The Canterbury Tales, 99, 291
Tytler, James (1745–1804), 164
U
Uden, Lucas van (1595–1672/3): landscape by, 280
Ulloa, Alfonso de (1529–1570), 303
University of Cambridge, 29, 133, 228
Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, ethnographic collection from the Endeavour, 145–46, 148
Trinity College, 145
—— Cook artefacts given to, 153
University of Glasgow, 26, 33–34
“Chapel of Ease” for, 188
constitution of, 41
Hunter attending, 16–17, 25–26, 36, 202, 288, 306, 312
Hunter awarded Doctor of Physic, 17, 73
Hunter library at, 1800s, 91–92
memorandum regarding the establishment of a museum at the University of Glasgow (John Anderson), 39–42, 99, 188
Museum of Anatomy, 168, 228
professors of, 16, 18, 40, 44, 180, 185–86, 188, 318
rector of, 44
students of, 16–17, 29, 33–36, 44
University Senate, 188. See also Foulis Academy; Foulis brothers: bookshop; Hunterian Museum; University of Glasgow Library, Archives and Special Collections
University of Glasgow Library, management of, 188
University of Glasgow Library, Archives and Special Collections, 54, 92, 116
holdings from Hunter’s bequest, 31, 73, 92, 124n11, 174n16, 192, 234, 288–90
James Douglas papers, 54, 57–62, 69n1
Rymsdyk drawings for The Gravid Uterus, 116. See also Hunter, William, wills of; library of William Hunter
University of Edinburgh: Hunter as student at, 33, 36–37, 57, 166, 231
James Douglas, graduate of, 53
Natural History collections, 44
professors at, 36–37, 229, 318
students at, 54, 271
University of Oxford, 8, 18, 21, 46n5
V
Vancouver, (Captain) George (1757–1798), 143, 147, 154–55, 349
Vanuatu, Melanesia, 146, 149, 346
Verbiest, Ferdinand (1623–1688), 321
Kunyu Quantu, 320–23
Vernon, Edward, Vice-Admiral (1684–1757), 50
Vesalius, Andreas (1514–1564), 67, 75, 79, 301
De humani corporis fabrica, 79, 85, 87n4, 115, 124n12, 208, 211, 213, 216, 219, 278n1, 288, 301
—— edited by Herman Boerhaave, 88n36
—— Hunter on, 211
—— illustrations by Jan Stephan van Calcar, 213
—— title page, 79, 211
—— volume of drawings related to, 79, 211, 213
Epitome, 79
Examen, 79
supposed portrait by Titian, 79, 79, 213, 275, 278
Vicq d’Azyr, Félix (1748–1794): elegy on Hunter, 31, 139, 180–81
Voltaire (François-Marie Arouet) (1694–1778), 164, 310
collected works (trans. Tobias Smollett), 19
La Henriade, 19
in Hunter library, 99
W
Wachendorf, Eberhard (1702–1758), 57
Waldegrave, 2nd Earl, sale of (1763), 19, 65, 275
Waller, Richard (1655–1715), 58
Wallis, Samuel (1728–1795), 143, 146, 154
Walpole, Horace (1717–1797), 32, 76, 325
Anecdotes of Painting in England, 19
Strawberry Hill, 325
Walpole, Sir Robert (1676–1745), 16
Wandelaar, Jan (1690–1759): Tabulae sceleti et musculorum corporis humani (with Bernhard Albinus), 56–57, 186
Warwick, George Greville, 2nd Earl of (1746–1816), 208
Watt, Martha (1755–1795), 377
Watteau, Jean-Antoine (1684–1721), 278
Webber, John (1751–1793), 144, 350
Kayaks of Prince William Sound and Unalaska, 350
Woman of Oonalashka, 350
West, Benjamin (1738–1820), 46n28, 276
White, George, 20
White, John: as coin dealer, 286, 325
White, Joseph: trans. of Institutes, Political and Military, written originally in the Mogul Language … (with William Davy), 99
Wilde, Samuel de (1751–1832), 19
Wilkinson, Dr John, 352
William the Conqueror (reigned 1066–87), 324
Willis, Thomas (1621–1675), 53
Wilson, Alexander (1714–1786), 303, 308
Wilson, James (1765–1821), 203
Windsor, Alicia. See Seymour-Conway, Alicia
Winckelmann, Johann Joachim (1717–1768): Gedanken, 18
History of Ancient Art, 19
Monumenti antichi inediti, spiegati ed illustrate, 19, 314–15
Wood, Paul, 33–34
Wood, Robert (1716/17–1771), 18, 20, 276
Ruins of Balbec, 18, 314
Ruins of Palmyra, 18, 277, 314
Wood, William (active 1770s), 166, 358–59
collecting insects from America, 382, 391–92, 395
letter to Hunter, 29 February 1778, 358–59, 382, 391, 395
Woodward, John (1665/8–1728), 86
Worde, Wynkyn de (d. 1534/5), 91
press of, 289
Woulfe, Peter (1727?–1803), 165, 398–99, 404
awarded Bakerian Medal, Royal Society, 404
“Experiments Made in Order to Ascertain the Nature of Some Mineral Substances”, 398, 404–5
Wouwerman, Philips (1619–1668), 275
Y
Yeats, Thomas Pattison (d. 1782), 382, 389
insect cabinet, 382, 391, 396
Yeo, Richard, 162, 164
Yuquot people (Nuu-chah-nulth), Pacific Northwest, 350–51
bird rattle (kuhmī n), 349
fish-hook, 351
harpoon head, 350–51
Z
Zeno (474–75 and 474–91), Emperor of Rome, 324
Zoffany, Johan (1733–1810), 21, 205
The Academicians of the Royal Academy, 20, 46n35, 287
William Hunter Lecturing, 20, 184, 205, 206, 211, 274, 276
zoological specimens, in Hunter collection, 39, 161, 354–56, 382
anatomical preparations, 228–29
animal corpses from Queen Charlotte, 354, 363
from Captain Cook’s voyages, 354
cataloguing of, 29
fish and reptiles, 311, 355–56
in Hunter’s will, 192
survival of, 355–56. See also birds, in Hunter collection; insects, in Hunter collection
Zuccarelli, Francesco (1702–1788), 276, 287
in Hunter collection, 19, 287
The Hunting of Actaeon by Diana, 276, 277n3, 287
The Rape of Dejanira (Hercules Slaying the Centaur Nessus), 287